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Small entrepreneurship development in Belarus: Sociological retrospective and perspectives

Iryna Andras (Department of Sociology, Faculty of Philosophy and Social Sciences, Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus)

Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies

ISSN: 2053-4604

Article publication date: 16 October 2018

Issue publication date: 23 March 2020



The aim of the study is to determine the key development stages of small entrepreneurship in Belarus depending on the impact of reformative activity of authorities on socio-innovative activity of entrepreneurs. Also we seek to determine the projective behavioral strategies of entrepreneurs in the context of contradictory socio-economic processes in Belarus.


Historico-sociological approach to the development of small entrepreneurship in Belarus is based on the analysis of books, articles, official documents and official statistics available mostly in the Russian and Belarusian languages. Expert survey is used as the most effective method of survey to predict further development of small entrepreneurship. Within the framework of the activity-structure concept, (T. Zaslavskaya) combination of both approaches allows presenting quantitative and qualitative changes in business structures in order to coordinate socio-economic progress.


In Belarusian transition economy the reformative activity of the authorities is absolutely dependent on politico-administrative influence. That is why the behavioral strategies of entrepreneurs are formed as reaction-adaptive behavior under mounting pressure of state policy.

Research limitations/implications

The results are primarily applicable for post-Soviet republics and countries with transition economy.

Practical implications

This paper implies that in post-Soviet economies like Belarus socio-economic integration of entrepreneurs is overly dependent on politico-administrative activity of the authorities.


This study includes two approaches: historico-sociological and expert survey as a forecasting method. This sociological approach gives the opportunity to characterise the continuity in behavioral strategies of entrepreneurs.



Andras, I. (2020), "Small entrepreneurship development in Belarus: Sociological retrospective and perspectives", Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 169-186.



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