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Ownership in Islamic banks: how home country development influences the performance of foreign Islamic banks

Andrew Tek Wei Saw (Labuan Faculty of International Finance, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Labuan, Malaysia)
Siong Hook Law (School of Business and Economics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)
Ribed Vianneca W. Jubilee (Labuan Faculty of International Finance, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Labuan, Malaysia)
Seng Loong Chang (School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia)

International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management

ISSN: 1753-8394

Article publication date: 20 April 2022

Issue publication date: 25 January 2023

223

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to assess the performance of domestic and foreign Islamic banks as well as the influence of foreign banks’ home country development influence on the performance of foreign banks.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses data of 17 domestic Islamic banks and 11 foreign Islamic banks from Bahrain, Malaysia and Pakistan from 2010 to 2018. Pooled ordinary least square is used to investigate the relationship between home country development and performance of foreign Islamic banks.

Findings

Results from this paper suggest domestic Islamic banks in Malaysia have higher performance than their foreign counterparts while foreign Islamic banks from Pakistan have higher performance than their domestic counterparts. However, as a whole, the performance of domestic and foreign Islamic banks is not significantly different from one another. Development of foreign banks’ home country measured by gross national income per capita and gross domestic product per capita show significant positive influence on the performance of foreign Islamic banks.

Originality/value

Higher level of development of the home country of foreign banks appears to influence the performance of foreign banks in the host country.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the reviewers and the editor of the International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management as well as the panelist in the Malaysian Financial Association International Conference 2022 (MFAIC 2022) for their comments. We also extend our heartfelt thanks to Dr Kyle Tan from the University of Waikato and Mr Daniel Lau from Universiti Malaya for proofreading this paper. Lastly, the financial support from Universiti Malaysia Sabah is gratefully acknowledged.

Citation

Saw, A.T.W., Law, S.H., W. Jubilee, R.V. and Chang, S.L. (2023), "Ownership in Islamic banks: how home country development influences the performance of foreign Islamic banks", International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, Vol. 16 No. 1, pp. 19-33. https://doi.org/10.1108/IMEFM-08-2021-0323

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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