To read this content please select one of the options below:

Digital design and manufacturing of wood head golf club in a cyber physical environment

Danni Chang (School of Media and Design, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China)
Chun-Hsien Chen (School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)

Industrial Management & Data Systems

ISSN: 0263-5577

Article publication date: 8 May 2017




The purpose of this paper is to establish a cyber physical environment for digital product design and manufacturing. To realize this goal, the specific issue of integrating design knowledge-based system (KBS) and 3D printing (3DP) system is focused. A graphics generation method is thereby developed to transform the KBS outputs into graphical format which can be directly read and manufactured by 3DP system.


A graphics generation method is proposed in this paper. Through organizing alphanumeric outputs of the consultation session with a design KBS into parametric format, the consultation results can be directly used by computer-aided design (CAD) tools to generate graphical models which can be further exported into a 3DP system to produce physical objects.


The proposed graphics generation method can be effective to link design KBS and 3DP. Therefore, the seamless connection between design and prototyping systems can be realized, which further lays the communication foundation for a cyber physical environment for digital design and manufacturing.


This study provides research insights about potential cyber physical system applications in digital design and manufacturing area. Moreover, this paper contributes an effective technique to integrate design KBS and 3DP.



Chang, D. and Chen, C.-H. (2017), "Digital design and manufacturing of wood head golf club in a cyber physical environment", Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 117 No. 4, pp. 648-671.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles