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When and why workplace cyberbullying influences intention to stay: role of workplace social capital and affective commitment

Mariam Anil Ciby (Department of Management, College of Commerce and Business Administration, Dhofar University, Salalah, Oman)
Shikha Sahai (XLRI- Xavier School of Management, Jamshedpur, India)

International Journal of Manpower

ISSN: 0143-7720

Article publication date: 2 May 2023

Issue publication date: 27 March 2024




COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the adoption of home-based teleworking globally. Coupled with this, there are rising concerns about workplace cyberbullying. However, less studies have explored workplace cyberbullying in non-western countries. The purpose of the current study is to examine whether workplace cyberbullying affects employees' intention to stay and to find out the mechanisms underlying the relationship.


Data were collected among Indian home-based teleworkers. Data were analysed using SmartPLS and SPSS-PROCESS macro.


Results show that workplace cyberbullying negatively impacts intention to stay and affective commitment acts as a mediator between this link. The results also reveal that workplace social capital moderates the negative effects of workplace cyberbullying on affective commitment. The results further confirm that workplace social capital moderated the indirect impact of workplace cyberbullying on intention to stay via affective commitment.

Practical implications

This study highlights the potential of leveraging workplace social capital in order to reduce the negative effects of workplace cyberbullying.


These findings can complement the previous studies on the impact of negative work events on affective commitment and intention to stay as well as extend researchers' understanding of the underlying mechanism between workplace cyberbullying and intention to stay. Furthermore, this research explains how employees can utilise social resources from workplace social capital to mitigate the negative outcomes of workplace cyberbullying.



Ciby, M.A. and Sahai, S. (2024), "When and why workplace cyberbullying influences intention to stay: role of workplace social capital and affective commitment", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 45 No. 1, pp. 109-132.



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