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Entropy generation minimization of Ag-Fe_3O_4/water-ethylene glycol squeezed hybrid nanofluid flow between parallel disks

Rashmi Agrawal (Department of Mathematics, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India)
Pradeep Kaswan (Department of Mathematics, Dr B.R. Ambedkar Govt College Dabwali, Haryana, India)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 26 May 2022

Issue publication date: 3 January 2023

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the squeezing flow of hybrid nanofluid within the two parallel disks. The 50:50% water–ethylene glycol mixture is used as a base fluid to prepare Ag–Fe_3O_4 hybrid nanofluid. Entropy generation analysis is examined by using the second law of thermodynamics, and Darcy’s modal involves estimating the behavior of a porous medium. The influences of Viscous dissipation, Joule heating and thermal radiation in modeling are further exerted into concern.

Design/methodology/approach

For converting partial differential systems to ordinary systems, a transformation technique is used. For the validation part, the numerical solution is computed by embracing a fourth-order exactness program (bvp4c) and compared with the analytical solution added by the homotopy analysis method (HAM). Graphical decisions expose the values of miscellaneous-arising parameters on the velocity, temperature and local-Nusselt numbers.

Findings

Hybrid nanofluid gives significant enhancement in the rate of heat transfer compared with nanofluid. The outcomes indicate that the average Nusselt number and entropy generation are increasing functions of the magnetic field, porosity and Brinkman number. When the thermal radiation rises, the average Nusselt number diminishes and the entropy generation advances. Furthermore, combining silver and magnetite nanoparticles into the water–ethylene glycol base fluid significantly enhances entropy generation performance.

Originality/value

Entropy generation analysis of the magneto-hydrodynamics (MHD) fluid squeezed between two parallel disks by considering Joule heating, viscous dissipation and thermal radiation for different nanoparticles is addressed. Furthermore, an appropriate agreement is obtained in comparing the numerical results with previously published and analytical results.

Keywords

Citation

Agrawal, R. and Kaswan, P. (2023), "Entropy generation minimization of Ag-Fe_3O_4/water-ethylene glycol squeezed hybrid nanofluid flow between parallel disks", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 33 No. 1, pp. 65-95. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-01-2022-0005

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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