To read this content please select one of the options below:

Learning, development and change in a community-based enterprise in Myanmar

Oliver S. Crocco (School of Leadership and Human Resource Development, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA)
Maria Cseh (Department of Human and Organizational Learning, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia, USA)

European Journal of Training and Development

ISSN: 2046-9012

Article publication date: 18 November 2020

Issue publication date: 13 July 2021




The purpose of this paper is to understand the process of large-scale organizational change in a community-based enterprise in Myanmar.


A qualitative case study methodology was selected to understand the phenomenon of change in a community-based enterprise in Myanmar. Data were collected over a four-week period of fieldwork through individual interviews, focus groups, observations and document collection. Data were analyzed via a modified inductive analytic strategy using constant comparative analysis.


Findings revealed the processes used in this large-scale organizational change as impacted by the national cultural dimensions of Myanmar and the social learning experienced by the participants. Learning about organization development and change and sharing that learning in the organization by its members who participated in a certificate program in organizational development designed by Payap University (Thailand) and the International Rescue Committee had a major role in the change processes. Myanmar’s high power distance and collectivist culture facilitated social learning by highlighting authority figures as role models and providing high interaction environments conducive to learning.


This study illuminates the change process in a community-based organization in the emerging economy of Myanmar where no roadmaps for change in these types of organizations exist. The findings of this study are transferrable to community-based organizations in emerging economies with similar national cultural characteristics and call for future case studies to understand the complexities of change in these unique organizations and environments.



Crocco, O.S. and Cseh, M. (2021), "Learning, development and change in a community-based enterprise in Myanmar", European Journal of Training and Development, Vol. 45 No. 4/5, pp. 436-448.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles