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Family incivility and burnout: a moderated mediation model of life satisfaction and psychological capital

Paul V. Maria Tresita (School of Management, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International School of Textiles and Management, Coimbatore, India)
Nimitha Aboobaker (DDU Kaushal Kendra, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India)
Uma N. Devi (Bharathiar School of Management and Entrepreneur Development, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India)

Evidence-based HRM

ISSN: 2049-3983

Article publication date: 23 December 2022

Issue publication date: 21 November 2023




This study investigates the relationship between family incivility (FI) and burnout in line with the conservation of resources theory and work–home resources model. The authors also examine the conditional indirect effects of psychological capital (PsyCap) and life satisfaction (LS) in the aforementioned relationship. The purpose of this paper is to address these issues.


Data were collected using a time-lagged methodological design by administering a structured questionnaire among 296 rural doctors. The collected data were analyzed using PROCESS macro in Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 23.


The study indicates that FI is an emotional home demand and influences burnout at the workplace through the depletion of LS. At the same time, PsyCap proves to be a vital resource that mitigates the adverse effects of FI and burnout.

Research limitations/implications

This study adds to the work–family and well-being literature by exploring the underlying mechanism through which FI connects to different outcomes. The implications of these findings for applications and extension of the work–home resources model to the family domain is elaborated in detail.


This study is among the first to empirically substantiate the long-term adverse consequences of FI and its potential for negatively affecting the work domain by inducing long-term psychological disorder “burnout.”



This work was granted by the Maulana Azad National Fellowship (MANF), University Grants Commission (UGC), India, towards the doctoral program of the first author. The award number is F1-17.1/2017-18/MANF-2017-18-TAM-77592.


Maria Tresita, P.V., Aboobaker, N. and Devi, U.N. (2023), "Family incivility and burnout: a moderated mediation model of life satisfaction and psychological capital", Evidence-based HRM, Vol. 11 No. 4, pp. 541-557.



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