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Observability, controllability and stability analysis of discrete time engineering dynamic systems by means of Lagrangian, Hamiltonian and dissipative functions in discrete forms

Cem Civelek (Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Turkish-German University, Istanbul, Turkey)

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering

ISSN: 0332-1649

Article publication date: 16 August 2021

Issue publication date: 8 October 2021

50

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the dynamical state of a discrete time engineering/physical dynamic system. The analysis is performed based on observability, controllability and stability first using difference equations of generalized motion obtained through discrete time equations of dissipative generalized motion derived from discrete Lagrange-dissipative model [{L,D}-model] for short of a discrete time observed dynamic system. As a next step, the same system has also been analyzed related to observability, controllability and stability concepts but this time using discrete dissipative canonical equations derived from a discrete Hamiltonian system together with discrete generalized velocity proportional Rayleigh dissipation function. The methods have been applied to a coupled (electromechanical) example in different formulation types.

Design/methodology/approach

An observability, controllability and stability analysis of a discrete time observed dynamic system using discrete equations of generalized motion obtained through discrete {L,D}-model and discrete dissipative canonical equations obtained through discrete Hamiltonian together with discrete generalized velocity proportional Rayleigh dissipation function.

Findings

The related analysis can be carried out easily depending on the values of classical elements.

Originality/value

Discrete equations of generalized motion and discrete dissipative canonical equations obtained by discrete Lagrangian and discrete Hamiltonian, respectively, together with velocity proportional discrete dissipative function are used to analyze a discrete time observed engineering system by means of observability, controllability and stability using state variable theory and in the method proposed, the physical quantities do not need to be converted one to another.

Keywords

Citation

Civelek, C. (2021), "Observability, controllability and stability analysis of discrete time engineering dynamic systems by means of Lagrangian, Hamiltonian and dissipative functions in discrete forms", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 40 No. 4, pp. 837-855. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-08-2020-0272

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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