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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

K. Wiak

Discusses the 27 papers in ISEF 1999 Proceedings on the subject of electromagnetisms. States the groups of papers cover such subjects within the discipline as: induction…

Abstract

Discusses the 27 papers in ISEF 1999 Proceedings on the subject of electromagnetisms. States the groups of papers cover such subjects within the discipline as: induction machines; reluctance motors; PM motors; transformers and reactors; and special problems and applications. Debates all of these in great detail and itemizes each with greater in‐depth discussion of the various technical applications and areas. Concludes that the recommendations made should be adhered to.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

A. Savini

Gives introductory remarks about chapter 1 of this group of 31 papers, from ISEF 1999 Proceedings, in the methodologies for field analysis, in the electromagnetic…

1041

Abstract

Gives introductory remarks about chapter 1 of this group of 31 papers, from ISEF 1999 Proceedings, in the methodologies for field analysis, in the electromagnetic community. Observes that computer package implementation theory contributes to clarification. Discusses the areas covered by some of the papers ‐ such as artificial intelligence using fuzzy logic. Includes applications such as permanent magnets and looks at eddy current problems. States the finite element method is currently the most popular method used for field computation. Closes by pointing out the amalgam of topics.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 31 December 2021

Alperen Pekdemir and Ali Bekir Yildiz

This paper aims to propose a new unified and non-ideal switch model for analysis of switching circuits.

94

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose a new unified and non-ideal switch model for analysis of switching circuits.

Design/methodology/approach

The model has a single unified structure that includes all possible states (on, off) of the switches. The analysis with the proposed switch model requires only one topology and uses the single system equation regardless of states of switches. Moreover, to improve accuracy, the model contains the on-state resistance and capacitive effect of switches. The system equations and the states of switches are updated by control variables, used in the model.

Findings

There are no restrictions on circuit topology and switch connections. Switches can be internally and externally controlled. The non-ideal nature of the model allows the switch to be modeled more realistically and eliminates the drawbacks of the ideal switch concept. After modeling with the proposed switch model, a linear circuit is obtained. Two examples related to switching circuits are included into the study. The results confirm the accuracy of the model.

Originality/value

This paper contributes a different switch model for analysis of switching converters to the literature. The main advantage of the model is that it has a unified and non-ideal property. With the proposed switch model, the transient events, like voltage spikes and high-frequency noises, caused by inductor and capacitor elements at switching instants can be observed properly.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. 41 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 10 April 2007

G.B. Kumbhar, S.V. Kulkarni, R. Escarela‐Perez and E. Campero‐Littlewood

This paper aims to give a perspective about the variety of techniques which are available and are being further developed in the area of coupled field formulations, with…

1186

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to give a perspective about the variety of techniques which are available and are being further developed in the area of coupled field formulations, with selective bibliography and practical examples, to help postgraduate students, researchers and designers working in design or analysis of electrical machinery.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper reviews the recent trends in coupled field formulations. The use of these formulations for designing and non‐destructive testing of electrical machinery is described, followed by their classifications, solutions and applications. Their advantages and shortcomings are discussed.

Findings

The paper gives an overview of research, development and applications of coupled field formulations for electrical machinery based on more than 160 references. All landmark papers are classified. Practical engineering case studies are given which illustrate wide applicability of coupled field formulations.

Research limitations/implications

Problems which continue to pose challenges to researchers are enumerated and the advantages of using the coupled‐field formulation are pointed out.

Practical implications

This paper gives a detailed description of the application of the coupled field formulation method to the analysis of problems that are present in different electrical machines. Examples of analysis of generators and transformers with this formulation are presented. The application examples give guidelines for its use in other analyses.

Originality/value

The coupled‐field formulation is used in the analysis of rotational machines and transformers where reference data are available and comparisons with other methods are performed and the advantages are justified. This paper serves as a guide for the ongoing research on coupled problems in electrical machinery.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 26 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 May 2015

Mykhaylo Zagirnyak, Mariia Maliakova and Andrii Kalinov

Analytical determination of harmonic components of current in electric circuits containing semiconductor converters with the use of a small parameter method (SPM) in…

Abstract

Purpose

Analytical determination of harmonic components of current in electric circuits containing semiconductor converters with the use of a small parameter method (SPM) in frequency domain. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

A SPM realized in frequency domain was used in the analytical analysis of electric circuits with semiconductor converters. An automated method of formation of orthogonal harmonic components of electrical values on the basis of discrete convolution algorithm was used to provide the possibility of realization of calculation in frequency domain. A nonlinear characteristic of a semiconductor converter was presented by the method of numerical approximation. A numerical structured simulation method was applied to determination of the reference values of current in the analyzed circuit. Laws of theoretical electrical engineering were used for formation of the equations of voltage balance in the circuit with a nonlinear element.

Findings

It is shown that application of a SPM with its realization in frequency domain enables significant simplification of the process of the analysis of electric circuits with semiconductor converters in an analytical form and facilitation of calculation automation. Analytical and numerical calculation of a circuit with a diode under active-inductive load demonstrated efficiency and sufficient accuracy of the proposed method. It is shown that increase of the order of approximating polynomial and of the number of the analyzed harmonics provides the improvement of the accuracy of numerical calculations.

Practical implications

The results of the work can be used in calculation of electrotechnical devices containing semiconductor appliances and electric devices with nonlinear characteristics. Moreover, the obtained results enable studying the processes of compensation of current higher harmonics in electric networks with a nonlinear load containing semiconductor converters.

Originality/value

For the first time it was proposed to apply a SPM with its realization in frequency domain to the analysis of nonlinear electric circuits. The significance of the paper consists in the fact that the offered method makes it possible to carry out both circuit analytical and numerical analysis with the possibility of its automation.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 34 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 March 2021

André Oksas

This paper aims to show how a sociological description – a swarm analysis of the Nazi dictatorship – initially made with the means borrowed from George Spencer-Brown’s…

98

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to show how a sociological description – a swarm analysis of the Nazi dictatorship – initially made with the means borrowed from George Spencer-Brown’s Calculus of Indications, can be transformed into a digital circuit and with which methods and tools of digital mathematics this digital circuit can be analyzed and described in its behavior. Thus, the paper also aims to contribute to a better understanding of Chapter 11 of “Laws of Form.”

Design/methodology/approach

The analysis uses methods of automata theory for finite, deterministic automata. Basic set operations of digital mathematics and special set operations of the Boolean Differential Calculus are used to calculate digital circuits. The software used is based on ternary logic, in which the binary Boolean logic of the elements {0, 1} is extended by the third element “Don’t care” to {0, 1, −}.

Findings

The paper confirms the method of transforming a form into a digital circuit derived from the comparative functional and structural analysis of the Modulator from Chapter 11 of “Laws of Form” and defines general rules for this transformation. It is shown how the indeterminacy of re-entrant forms can be resolved in the medium of time using the methods of automata theory. On this basis, a refined definition of the degree of a form is presented.

Originality/value

The paper shows the potential of interdisciplinary approaches between sociology and information technology and provides methods and tools of digital mathematics such as ternary logic, Boolean Differential Calculus and automata theory for application in sociology.

Article
Publication date: 3 August 2022

Rawid Banchuin

The purpose of this paper is to test the capability to properly analyze the electrical circuits of a novel constitutive relation of capacitor.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to test the capability to properly analyze the electrical circuits of a novel constitutive relation of capacitor.

Design/methodology/approach

For ceteris paribus, the constitutive relations of the resistor and inductor have been reformulated by following the novel constitutive relation of capacitor. The responses of RL, RC, LC and RLC circuits defined on the fractal set described by these definitions have been derived by means of the fractal calculus and fractal Laplace transformation. A comparative Hamiltonian formalism-based analysis has been performed where the circuits described by the conventional and the formerly proposed revisited constitutive relations have also been considered.

Findings

This study has found that the novel constitutive relations give unreasonable results unlike the conventional ones. Like such previous revisited constitutive relations, an odd Hamiltonian has been obtained. On the other hand, the conventional constitutive relations give a reasonable Hamiltonian.

Originality/value

To the best of the author’s knowledge, for the first time, the analysis of fractal set defined electrical circuits by means of unconventional constitutive relations has been performed where the deficiency of the tested capacitive constitutive relation has been pointed out.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 December 2021

Rawid Banchuin

The purpose of this paper is to comparatively analyze the electrical circuits defined with the conventional and revisited time domain circuit element definitions in the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to comparatively analyze the electrical circuits defined with the conventional and revisited time domain circuit element definitions in the context of fractional conformable calculus and to promote the combined usage of conventional definitions, fractional conformable derivative and conformable Laplace transform.

Design/methodology/approach

The RL, RC, LC and RLC circuits described by both conventional and revisited time domain circuit element definitions has been analyzed by means of the fractional conformable derivative based differential equations and conformable Laplace transform. The comparison among the obtained results and those based on the methodologies adopted in the previous works has been made.

Findings

The author has found that the conventional definitions-based solution gives a physically reasonable result unlike its revisited definitions-based counterpart and the solutions based on those previous methodologies. A strong agreement to the time domain state space concept-based solution can be observed. The author has also shown that the scalar valued solution can be directly obtained by singularity free conformable Laplace transform-based methodology unlike such state space concept based one.

Originality/value

For the first time, the revisited time domain definitions of resistance and inductance have been proposed and applied together with the revisited definition of capacitance in electrical circuit analyses. The advantage of the combined usage of conventional time definitions, fractional conformable derivative and conformable Laplace transform has been suggested and the impropriety of applying the revisited definitions in circuit analysis has been pointed out.

Article
Publication date: 26 January 2022

Rawid Banchuin

The purpose of this study is to originally present noise analysis of electrical circuits defined on fractal set.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to originally present noise analysis of electrical circuits defined on fractal set.

Design/methodology/approach

The fractal integrodifferential equations of resistor-inductor, resistor-capacitor, inductor-capacitor and resistor-inductor-capacitor circuits subjected to zero mean additive white Gaussian noise defined on fractal set have been formulated. The fractal time component has also been considered. The closed form expressions for crucial stochastic parameters of circuit responses have been derived from these equations. Numerical simulations of power spectral densities based on the derived autocorrelation functions have been performed. A comparison with those without fractal time component has been made.

Findings

We have found that the Hausdorff dimension of the middle b Cantor set strongly affects the power spectral densities; thus, the average powers of noise induced circuit responses and the inclusion of fractal time component causes significantly different analysis results besides the physical measurability of electrical quantities.

Originality/value

For the first time, the noise analysis of electrical circuit on fractal set has been performed. This is also the very first time that the fractal time component has been included in the fractal calculus-based circuit analysis.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. 41 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 14 July 2021

Taochen Gu, Fayu Wan, Jamel Nebhen, Nour Mohammad Murad, Jérôme Rossignol, Sebastien Lallechere and Blaise Ravelo

The aim of this paper is to provide the theoretical conceptualization of a bandpass (BP) negative group delay (NGD) microstrip circuit. The main objective is to provide a…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to provide the theoretical conceptualization of a bandpass (BP) negative group delay (NGD) microstrip circuit. The main objective is to provide a theorization of the particular geometry of the microstrip circuit with experimental validation of the NGD effect.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology followed in this work is organized in three steps. A theoretical model is established of equivalent S-parameters model using Y-matrix analysis. The GD analysis is also presented by showing that the circuit presents a possibility to generate NGD function around certain frequencies. To validate the theoretical model, as proof-of-concept (POC), a microstrip prototype is designed, fabricated and tested.

Findings

This work clearly highlighted the modelled (analytical design model), simulated (ADS simulation tool) and measured results are in good correlation. Relying on the proposed theoretical, numerical and experimental models, the BP NGD behaviour is validated successfully with GD responses specified by the NGD centre frequency: it is observed around 2.35 GHz, with an NGD value of about −2 ns.

Research limitations/implications

It is to be noticed the proposed GD analysis requires limitations of the theoretical NGD model. It is depicted and validated through a POC demonstrating that the circuit presents a possibility to generate NGD function around certain frequencies (assuming constraints around usable frequency and bandwidth).

Practical implications

The NGD O-shape topology developed in this work could be exploited in the future in the microwave and radiofrequency context. Thus, it is expected to develop GD equalization technique for radiofrequency and microwave filters, GD compensation of oscillators, filters and communication systems, design of broadband switch-less bi-directional amplifiers, efficient enhancement of feedforward amplifiers, design method of frequency independent phase shifters with negligible delay, synthesis method of arbitrary-angle beamforming antennas. The BP NGD behavior may also be successfully used for the reduction of resonance effect for the electronic compatibility (EMC) of electronic devices.

Social implications

The non-conventional NGD O-circuit theoretical development and validation through experimental POC could be exploited by academic and industrial developers in the area of wireless communications including, but not restricted to, 5-generation communication systems. The use of the remarkable NGD effect is also useful for the mitigation of electromagnetic interferences between electronic devices and more and more complex electromagnetic environment (current development of Internet of Things[ IoT]).

Originality/value

The originality of this work relies on the new NGD design proposed in this work including the extraction of S-matrix parameters of the microstrip novel structure designed. The validation process based upon an experimental POC showed very interesting levels of NGD O-circuit (nanosecond-GD duration).

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. 40 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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