To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Investigation of diffusion alloying time on electrochemical behavior and conductivity of Nb-modified AISI 430 SS as PEMFC bipolar plate

Fupeng Cheng (Institute of Materials and Technology, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, China)
Jinglong Cui (Institute of Materials and Technology, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, China)
Shuai Xu (Institute of Materials and Technology, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, China)
Hongyu Wang (Institute of Materials and Technology, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, China)
Pengchao Zhang (Institute of Materials and Technology, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, China)
Juncai Sun (Institute of Materials and Technology, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, China)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Article publication date: 2 August 2019

Issue publication date: 9 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to improve the surface electrical conductivity and corrosion resistance of AISI 430 stainless steel (430 SS) as bipolar plates for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), a protective Nb-modified layer is formed onto stainless steel via the plasma surface diffusion alloying method. The effect of diffusion alloying time on electrochemical behavior and surface conductivity is evaluated.

Design/methodology/approach

In this work, the surface electrical conductivity and corrosion resistance of modified specimen are evaluated by the potentiodynamic and potentionstatic polarization tests. Moreover, the hydrophobicity is also investigated by contact angle measurement.

Findings

The Nb-modified 430 SS treated by 1.5 h (1.5Nb) presented a lower passivation current density, lower interfacial contact resistance and a higher hydrophobicity than other modified specimens. Moreover, the 1.5 Nb specimen presents a smoother surface than other modified specimens after potentionstatic polarization tests.

Originality/value

The effect of diffusion alloying time on electrochemical behavior, surface conductivity and hydrophobicity of modified specimen is evaluated. The probable anti-corrosion mechanism of Nb-modified specimen in simulated acid PEMFC cathode environment is presented.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work is financially supported by The National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFB0101206) and The National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51479019).

Citation

Cheng, F., Cui, J., Xu, S., Wang, H., Zhang, P. and Sun, J. (2019), "Investigation of diffusion alloying time on electrochemical behavior and conductivity of Nb-modified AISI 430 SS as PEMFC bipolar plate", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 66 No. 4, pp. 520-526. https://doi.org/10.1108/ACMM-11-2018-2035

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited