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Funding systems for higher education and their impacts on institutional strategies and academia: A comparative perspective

Nicoline Frølich (Norwegian Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education NIFU STEP, Oslo, Norway)
Evanthia Kalpazidou Schmidt (The Danish Centre for Studies in Research and Research Policy, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark)
Maria J. Rosa (CIPES – Centre for Research in Higher Education Policies, Matosinhos, Portugal)

International Journal of Educational Management

ISSN: 0951-354X

Article publication date: 19 January 2010

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss how funding systems influence higher education institutions and their strategies and core tasks.

Design/methodology/approach

Taking the results of a comparative study between Denmark, Norway and Portugal as a point of departure, the paper identifies and analyses the main features of these state funding systems, their strengths and weaknesses, and their impact on academia.

Findings

The system‐level analysis offers an illustration of a trend across Europe. The paper shows that mixed funding models have been implemented in all three countries.

Originality/value

Funding systems and their impacts do not come in neat packages. The systems demonstrate a mixed pattern of strengths and weaknesses. The impacts of the funding systems converge, although different mechanisms are employed. There are no clear cut differences in the perceived strengths, weaknesses and impacts of the two main types of funding systems – input‐based funding and output‐based funding – presented and discussed in the paper.

Keywords

Citation

Frølich, N., Kalpazidou Schmidt, E. and Rosa, M.J. (2010), "Funding systems for higher education and their impacts on institutional strategies and academia: A comparative perspective", International Journal of Educational Management, Vol. 24 No. 1, pp. 7-21. https://doi.org/10.1108/09513541011013015

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2010, Emerald Group Publishing Limited