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Magnetic field generating inductor for cancer hyperthermia research

V. Nemkov (AMF Life Systems LLC, Auburn Hills, Michigan, USA)
R. Ruffini (AMF Life Systems LLC, Auburn Hills, Michigan, USA)
R. Goldstein (AMF Life Systems LLC, Auburn Hills, Michigan, USA)
J. Jackowski (AMF Life Systems LLC, Auburn Hills, Michigan, USA)
T.L. DeWeese (Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA)
R. Ivkov (Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA)

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to continue studies previously reported with the primary focus of optimizing an inductor design. The potential benefits of hyperthermia for cancer therapy, particularly metastatic cancers of the prostate, may be realized by the use of targeted magnetic nanoparticles that are heated by alternating magnetic fields (AMFs).

Design/methodology/approach

To further explore the potential of this technology, a high‐throughput cell culture treatment system is needed. The AMF requirements for this research present challenges to the design and manufacture of an induction system because a high flux density field at high frequency must be created in a relatively large volume. Additional challenges are presented by the requirement that the inductor must maintain an operating temperature between 35 and 39°C with continuous duty operation for 1 h or longer. Results of simulation and design of two devices for culture samples and for in vitro tests of multiple samples in uniform field are described.

Findings

The inductor design chosen provides a uniform distribution of relatively high magnetic field strength while providing an optimal reduction in the voltage and power requirement. Through development of design and selection of magnetic concentrator, the exposure of the cell cultures to the heat generated by the inductor is minimized.

Originality/value

This method of generating uniform high AC magnetic fields in a large volume is beneficial for the study of hyperthermia in cells for a high throughput, necessary for cancer treatment research.

Keywords

Citation

Nemkov, V., Ruffini, R., Goldstein, R., Jackowski, J., DeWeese, T.L. and Ivkov, R. (2011), "Magnetic field generating inductor for cancer hyperthermia research", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 30 No. 5, pp. 1626-1636. https://doi.org/10.1108/03321641111152784

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited