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Article
Publication date: 16 March 2010

Yi Lin and Xiaoya He

The purpose of this paper is to reach two goals: one is to generalize the well‐studied theories of electricity and magnetism to the enrichment of deepened understanding of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to reach two goals: one is to generalize the well‐studied theories of electricity and magnetism to the enrichment of deepened understanding of the general systemic yoyo model, and the other is to employ the established yoyo model to provide more refined explanations for some of the known experimental observations in physics.

Design/methodology/approach

The general structure and the field characteristics of the general systemic yoyo model are employed as the basis of our exploration in this paper. Then, methods of quantitative analysis are introduced to address some of the problems encountered.

Findings

Among several new results, many important concepts, such as ring‐shaped electric fields, cylinders of equal potential intensities, yoyo resistances, yoyo capacitors, etc. are introduced and studied in some detail. Several important Laws in electromagnetic theory, such as Ohm's law, Kirchhoff's laws, etc. are generalized to the case of the general systemic yoyo model. The refined theory is applied to provide theoretical explanations for some laboratory‐observed phenomena that cannot be well illustrated by either Faraday's theory of electromagnetic induction or Lenz's law.

Originality/value

Phenomena related to electricity and magnetism are explained the first time in history by using a unified model: the systemic yoyo model. At the same time, some well established Laws in physics are generalized to scenarios of this general mode with the hope that these new Laws can be applied equally well to natural and social sciences in the coming years.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 39 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 March 2010

Yi Lin and Xiaoya He

The purpose of this paper is to use the general systemic yoyo model to illustrate why electric fields and magnetic fields can manifest each other and interact with each other.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to use the general systemic yoyo model to illustrate why electric fields and magnetic fields can manifest each other and interact with each other.

Design/methodology/approach

The coordinated interaction of eddy and meridian fields of spinning yoyos is employed as our methodology for the investigation in this paper. At the end, the First Law on State of Motion is beautifully utilized.

Findings

Among many new theoretical discoveries, systemic yoyo models are provided to understand electric currents and the induced magnetic fields, which lead to a distinction between the yoyo structures of permanent magnets and those of the magnetic field induced by electric currents. It is theoretically shown why all fields in nature, such as electric, magnetic, universal, gravitational, and nuclear fields, have to exist in pairs of opposite polarities, even though one polarity might not be visible or recognizable with the current technology. Using the quark structures of spinning yoyos, an explanation is provided for why protons carry positive electric fields, while neutrons are electrically neutral.

Originality/value

One of the originalities of this paper is about its unified theory underlying many observed phenomena of electric and magnetic fields.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 39 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 March 2010

Xiaoya He and Yi Lin

The purpose of this paper is to establish the relevant quantitative methods for the investigation of the eddy and meridian fields of the general systemic yoyo model.

1683

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to establish the relevant quantitative methods for the investigation of the eddy and meridian fields of the general systemic yoyo model.

Design/methodology/approach

On the basis of established systemic yoyo models for electrons and positrons, flows of negative yoyo charges are naturally identified with electric currents so that use of the well‐developed quantitative methods can be made in electromagnetic theory to investigate the relationship between eddy and meridian fields of the general systemic yoyo model.

Findings

A general method is established on how to compute the intensity of the magnetic yoyo fields accompanying a moving yoyo charge or a canal of yoyo flow. A quantitative representation for magnetic yoyo fields is provided. And, the well‐known Ampere's law of electricity is generalized to the case of general yoyo flows.

Originality/value

By establishing an adequate quantitative method for the general systemic yoyo model, it should be possible to know more about the yoyo model and gain additional potential to successfully employ this model in various areas of learning, as proposed by Lin.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 39 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1982

I. MAYERGOYZ

New iteration methods for the calculation of steady magnetic fields in saturable media are presented. These methods converge for any choice of initial approximation, that…

Abstract

New iteration methods for the calculation of steady magnetic fields in saturable media are presented. These methods converge for any choice of initial approximation, that is they possess global convergence. The convergence conditions and the estimates of convergence rate of these methods are expressed in terms of the physical properties of ferromagnetic media. Each of the proposed methods is deliberately adapted to specific but typical saturation conditions. All these methods together cover the broad area of diverse saturation conditions encountered in practice. The construction and justification of these iteration methods are based on the physical concept of secondary sources and on some mathematical ideas and results arising in the overlapping area of mathematical physics and functional analysis.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

A. Savini

Gives introductory remarks about chapter 1 of this group of 31 papers, from ISEF 1999 Proceedings, in the methodologies for field analysis, in the electromagnetic…

1032

Abstract

Gives introductory remarks about chapter 1 of this group of 31 papers, from ISEF 1999 Proceedings, in the methodologies for field analysis, in the electromagnetic community. Observes that computer package implementation theory contributes to clarification. Discusses the areas covered by some of the papers ‐ such as artificial intelligence using fuzzy logic. Includes applications such as permanent magnets and looks at eddy current problems. States the finite element method is currently the most popular method used for field computation. Closes by pointing out the amalgam of topics.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

P.Di Barba

Introduces the fourth and final chapter of the ISEF 1999 Proceedings by stating electric and magnetic fields are influenced, in a reciprocal way, by thermal and mechanical…

Abstract

Introduces the fourth and final chapter of the ISEF 1999 Proceedings by stating electric and magnetic fields are influenced, in a reciprocal way, by thermal and mechanical fields. Looks at the coupling of fields in a device or a system as a prescribed effect. Points out that there are 12 contributions included ‐ covering magnetic levitation or induction heating, superconducting devices and possible effects to the human body due to electric impressed fields.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 March 2010

Yi Lin and Xiaoya He

The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the new theory on the general systemic yoyos can be plausibly employed to provide novel explanations for some of the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the new theory on the general systemic yoyos can be plausibly employed to provide novel explanations for some of the well‐known laboratory experiments of physics and how a different theory that is more refined than the currently accepted theories can be established for illustrating phenomena that have not been completely explainable by using the traditional theories.

Design/methodology/approach

The general field structures of systemic yoyos, combined with some of the well‐known laboratory observation of physics, are employed as the basic methodology for the current paper.

Findings

Owing to the co‐existence of magnetic fields and ring‐shaped negative electric fields, all possible ways for an electromagneton to be fired into a stable, uniform‐intensity magnetic field are investigated. How such an electromagneton could be traveling under the mutual influence of the fields is described with details.

Originality/value

The value of this paper lies on the fact that it points out a brand new and practically applicable theory for looking at some of the well‐recorded phenomena of electromagnetism.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 39 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

K. Wiak

Discusses the 27 papers in ISEF 1999 Proceedings on the subject of electromagnetisms. States the groups of papers cover such subjects within the discipline as: induction…

Abstract

Discusses the 27 papers in ISEF 1999 Proceedings on the subject of electromagnetisms. States the groups of papers cover such subjects within the discipline as: induction machines; reluctance motors; PM motors; transformers and reactors; and special problems and applications. Debates all of these in great detail and itemizes each with greater in‐depth discussion of the various technical applications and areas. Concludes that the recommendations made should be adhered to.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 March 2010

Xiaoya He and Yi Lin

The purpose of this paper is to investigate yoyo potential difference and induction of electric yoyo flows by using the general systemic yoyo model and available…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate yoyo potential difference and induction of electric yoyo flows by using the general systemic yoyo model and available quantitative tools.

Design/methodology/approach

Empirical laws and well‐known laboratory experiments of physics are revisited in light of the spinning yoyo method and thinking logic. When appropriate, relevant quantitative methods are established.

Findings

By generalizing the concept of electromotive force, the paper introduces that of meridian motive forces (MMF). By considering two possible cases when electric yoyo flows can be induced within a return circuit, the paper uses specific examples to compute yoyo potential differences, the forces needed to pull a conductive wire in a magnetic yoyo field, and the total flux of magnetic yoyo field passing through a return circuit. When the paper tries to address the questions of how an electric yoyo current in a circuit is produced and what force could get around the resistance of metals to make electric yoyo charges move around inside return circuits, the paper successfully establishes a theoretical explanation for why Lenz's law about the direction of induced electric currents holds true. At the end, the paper develops a quantitative formula for practically calculating desired MMF.

Originality/value

This paper provides the first ever theoretical explanation for why Lenz's law could be true. It is expected that this explanation would be equally applicable in the study of social systems.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 39 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 10 April 2009

Cong‐qian Cheng, Jie Zhao, Yang Xu, Fu‐Min Xu and Ming‐liang Huang

The aim of this paper is to investigate the growth behaviours of intermetallic compound (IMC) layers in solid‐liquid interfacial reactions of Sn1.5Cu/Cu in various…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to investigate the growth behaviours of intermetallic compound (IMC) layers in solid‐liquid interfacial reactions of Sn1.5Cu/Cu in various intensities of high‐magnetic field.

Design/methodology/approach

Sn1.5Cu solder was prepared and melted in a vacuum furnace at 873 K and cast into solder bars. Samples were mounted using resin and etched after being carefully polished. Then the IMC layers were observed by using scanning electron microscopy.

Findings

The results show that the growth of IMC layers has been accelerated by high‐magnetic field through the comparison of growth kinetics of IMC layers among 0‐2.5 T magnetic filed. IMC grains in high‐magnetic field are much bigger than that in 0 T. By the analyzing of X‐ray diffractometer patterns of IMC layers, it can be found that the orientations of IMC have been changed by magnetic field.

Originality/value

This paper investigates the growth behaviour of IMC layers during the solid‐liquid interfacial reactions of Sn1.5Cu/Cu in a high magnetic field.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 21 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

Keywords

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