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Heat generation ability in AC magnetic field of needle‐type Ti‐coated mild steel for ablation cancer therapy

Takashi Naohara (Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan)
Hiromichi Aono (Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan)
Hideyuki Hirazawa (Department of Environmental Materials Engineering, Niihama National College of Technology, Niihama, Japan)
Tsunehiro Maehara (Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan)
Yuji Watanabe (Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Ehime University, Toon, Japan)
Shinya Matsutomo (Department of Electronic Control Engineering, Niihama National College of Technology, Niihama, Japan)

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop a ferromagnetic needle adaptable for a novel ablation cancer therapy; the heat generation ability of the mild steel rod embedded into the Ti‐tube having a different thickness was investigated in a high‐frequency output at 300 kHz.

Design/methodology/approach

The outer diameter and length of the Ti‐tubes were 1.8 and 20 mm, respectively, while the inner diameter was varied from 1.6 to 0 mm. The mild steel rod was embedded in a Ti‐tube for preparing the needle‐type specimen. Their heat generation ability was examined by changing the inclination angle to the magnetic flux direction in a high‐frequency coil.

Findings

When the thickness of the Ti surrounding the mild steel rod was as low as 0.1 mm, the heat generation ability was drastically different among the three inclination angles (θ=0°, 45°, and 90°) to the magnetic flux direction due to the effect of the shape‐induced magnetic anisotropy. However, the effect of the inclination angle was almost eliminated in the specimen surrounded by the 0.4 mm thick Ti, suggesting that the non‐oriented heat generation property is achieved for the needle‐type mild steel rod coated with Ti having the optimum thickness.

Originality/value

The prototype ablation needle having a complete non‐oriented heat generation ability was fabricated to use in subsequent animal experiments. It is considered that the newly designed Ti‐coated device is useful in ablation treatments using a high‐frequency induction heating.

Keywords

Citation

Naohara, T., Aono, H., Hirazawa, H., Maehara, T., Watanabe, Y. and Matsutomo, S. (2011), "Heat generation ability in AC magnetic field of needle‐type Ti‐coated mild steel for ablation cancer therapy", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 30 No. 5, pp. 1582-1588. https://doi.org/10.1108/03321641111152739

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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