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Article
Publication date: 23 October 2020

Jiaqiang Chen

The main supporting frame of steel structure buildings is steel, and the beam-column joints of the steel structure directly affect the stability and strength of the…

Abstract

Purpose

The main supporting frame of steel structure buildings is steel, and the beam-column joints of the steel structure directly affect the stability and strength of the supporting frame.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper briefly introduced the beam-column joints which are used for ensuring the stability of buildings in the steel structure building, selected the fabricated beam-column joints which were different from the traditional welding methods, tested the fabricated beam-column joints with the reaction frame and jack and detected the influence of the thickness and length of the splice plate on the mechanical properties of joints.

Findings

The results showed that the joint stress and the displacement in the vertical direction increased under greater load no matter which kind of fabricated joint was used; under the same load, the thickness and length of the splice significantly affected the mechanical properties of joints, and the larger the thickness and length, the smaller the joint stress and displacement in the vertical direction.

Originality/value

To sum up, increasing the thickness or length of the splice plate of the fabricated joint can effectively improve the mechanical properties of joints.

Details

International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-4708

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Article
Publication date: 26 July 2021

Haobo Yu, Zimo Li, Yeyin Xia, Yameng Qi, Yingchao Li, Qiaoping Liu and Changfeng Chen

This paper aims to investigate the anti-biocorrosion performance and mechanism of the Cu-bearing carbon steel in the environment containing sulfate-reducing bacterial (SRB).

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the anti-biocorrosion performance and mechanism of the Cu-bearing carbon steel in the environment containing sulfate-reducing bacterial (SRB).

Design/methodology/approach

The biocorrosion behavior of specimens with Cu concentration of 0 Wt.%, 0.1 Wt.%, 0.3 Wt.% and 0.6 Wt.% were investigated by immersion test in SRB solution. By examining the prepared cross-section of the biofilm using focused ion beam microscopy, SRB distribution, bacterial morphology, biofilm structure and composition were determined. The ion selectivity of the biofilm was also obtained by membrane potential measurement. Moreover, the anti-biocorrosion performance of the Cu-bearing carbon steel pipeline was tested in a shale gas field in Chongqing, China.

Findings

Both the results of the laboratory test and shale gas field test indicate that Cu-bearing carbon steel possesses obvious resistance to microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). The SRB, corrosion rate and pitting depth decreased dramatically with Cu concentration in the substrate. The local acidification caused by hydrolyze of ferric ion coming from SRB metabolism and furtherly aggravated by anion selectivity biofilm promoted the pitting corrosion. Anti-biocorrosion of Cu-bearing carbon steel was attributed to the accumulation of Cu compounds in the biofilm and the weaker anion selectivity of the biofilm. This research results provide an approach to the development of economical antibacterial metallic material.

Originality/value

MIC occurs extensively and has become one of the most frequent reasons for corrosion-induced failure in the oil and gas industry. In this study, Cu-bearing carbon steel was obtained by Cu addition in carbon steel and possessed excellent anti-biocorrosion property both in the laboratory and shale gas field. This study provides an approach to the development of an economical antibacterial carbon steel pipeline to resist MIC.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 29 October 2019

Yuquan Ni, Guangneng Dong, Qi Liu, Wei Wang and Yihong Li

Babbitt bush is easy to cause severe adhesive wear due to unexpected journal fall. This paper aims to improve wear resistance of Babbitt bush.

Abstract

Purpose

Babbitt bush is easy to cause severe adhesive wear due to unexpected journal fall. This paper aims to improve wear resistance of Babbitt bush.

Design/methodology/approach

A soft/hard hybrid surface mircoprofile of Babbitt alloy/steel was fabricated by a technology of laser texture combined with hot-pressing. The friction and wear performances of bare steel (steel-h), Babbitt bush on steel (steel-s) and Babbitt filled in dimples of steel (steel-hs) were conducted on a ball-on-disc tester under dry and lubricated conditions.

Findings

The results showed that wettability of steel-hs was enhanced by forming soft/hard hybrid surface. Compared with steel-s, the stability of friction coefficient curve of steel-hs was improved without increasing coefficient friction. The wear resistance of steel-hs was remarkably enhanced under dry and lubricated conditions.

Originality/value

The originality of this paper is as following: to improve the tribological properties and to prolong service life of steel-s, soft/hard hybrid surface of Babbitt filled in dimples of steel substrate was successfully fabricated by laser texturing combined with hot-pressing. This paper showed that the lipophilicity of steel-hs was best among those of steel-s and steel-h. Babbitt alloy as a soft filler on dimples of steel substrate improved anti-wear of steel-s remarkably. It provides a new way to fabricate Babbitt as bushing on steel substrate.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 72 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

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Article
Publication date: 13 May 2020

Ying Xia

This study aims to analyze the dynamic monitoring of deformation damage of steel structure buildings in long-term use. Although the steel structure building has the…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to analyze the dynamic monitoring of deformation damage of steel structure buildings in long-term use. Although the steel structure building has the advantage of high structural strength, it will be deformed after being affected by factors such as corrosion and impact during long-term use, and which will affect building safety, especially the public building facilities. The dynamic monitoring of its security is an indispensable means.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper briefly introduced the principle of building information modeling (BIM)-based steel structure building information monitoring and the dynamic information monitoring system based on this principle. Then the monitoring system was used to analyze an operational steel structure suspension bridge in Xinxiang City, Henan Province, China, and compared it with the monitoring system based on back propagation (BP) neural network.

Findings

The results showed that the fitting degree of the dynamic deformation displacement data processed by BIM-based monitoring system was higher than that processed by BP-based monitoring system. Based on the comprehensive comparison of the dynamic data of all monitoring points, the BIM-based monitoring system had higher accuracy of deformation displacement monitoring and reliability of structural safety evaluation.

Originality/value

In summary, the BIM-based steel structure building monitoring system can effectively monitor the dynamic information of steel structure information.

Details

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology , vol. 18 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1726-0531

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Article
Publication date: 13 April 2015

Spyros Papaefthymiou, Constantinos Goulas and Vasiliki Panteleakou

Identification of the critical process conditions that enhance Cu diffusion in ferrite grain boundaries and promote precipitation of Cu-rich particles in the proximity of…

Abstract

Purpose

Identification of the critical process conditions that enhance Cu diffusion in ferrite grain boundaries and promote precipitation of Cu-rich particles in the proximity of steel semi-finished products surface is crucial for every steel maker as it leads to the creation of hot shortness cracks in final products deteriorating surface condition. The purpose of this paper is to reveal the possible effect of Cu segregation in the metal/oxide interface, its role in surface crack initiation and, finally, to propose actions to prevent from hot shortness issues throughout the production chain of steel products.

Design/methodology/approach

The here presented study was based on S355 steel plate production starting from re-melting of scrap in an EAF, followed by metallurgical treatment in a Ladle Furnace, continuous casting, re-heating (RH) and thermo-mechanical rolling in a reversing mill. For the purposes of this study, more than ten heats, 100 t of steel each, were analyzed. Here presented are depicted steels in the high and low end of the permitted Cu-wt-% spectrum, 0.4 wt-% Cu (0.15 wt-% C, 1.1 wt-% Mn, VTi micro-alloyed steel) and 0.25 wt-% Cu (0.09 wt-% C, 1.2 wt-% Mn, NbTi micro alloyed steel), respectively.

Findings

Although Cu levels of 0.25-0.40 wt-% are well below the Cu solubility in austenite and ferrite (8 percent wt-% and 3 wt-% Cu, respectively) and within specifications, precipitation of Cu-rich particles is observed in industrial semi-finished and/or final products. Cu-rich precipitates and Cu segregation along grain boundaries near the steel surface lead to hot shortness cracks in industrial products.

Research limitations/implications

Hot shortness surface defects related to Cu presence in steel having significantly lower Cu amounts than its maximum solubility in austenite and ferrite does not make sense in first place. Correctly, Cu is expected to remain in solid solution. Identification of Cu-rich particles is explained on the basis of the development of double diffusion actions: interstitial diffusion of carbon (decarburization) and substitution diffusion of copper. Root cause analysis and reliable countermeasures will save financial and material resources during steel production.

Originality/value

Automobile scrap re-melting results in noticeable Cu amounts in EAF produced steel. Presence of Cu-rich particles in grain boundaries near the surface of intermediate or final products deteriorates surface quality through relevant surface defects. Identification of Cu-rich particles is explained on the basis of the development of double diffusion actions: interstitial diffusion of carbon and substitution diffusion of copper. Pre condition for metallic Cu precipitation in ferrite is the Cu amount to be above 3 wt-%, which is ten times higher than the usual permitted Cu amount in such steel grades. This pre-condition is met through austenite oxidation during RH.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 6 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

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Article
Publication date: 23 May 2008

Frederico Guilherme Dantas dos Santos, Carlos Roberto Araújo and Vanessa de Freitas Cunha Lins

The purpose of this paper is to study the corrosion of the coupling of two different types of stainless steel, austenitic and ferritic, used in the fabrication of water…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the corrosion of the coupling of two different types of stainless steel, austenitic and ferritic, used in the fabrication of water reservoirs in the solar energy industry.

Design/methodology/approach

Potentiodynamic polarization and gravimetric immersion tests were used to evaluate corrosion of the coupling of two different types of stainless steel, austenitic and ferritic.

Findings

The galvanic corrosion was not significant in the case of the coupling of AISI 304 and 444 steels. The difference of the open circuit potentials obtained for the AISI 304 and AISI 444 steels was 28 mV for the polished samples. The galvanic current density (ig) was 55 nA/cm2. The corrosion observed in the stainless steel couple was in the weld area.

Research limitations/implications

The methodology used is adequate to evaluate generalized galvanic corrosion. The problem of the corrosion in the coupling of the stainless steels is a problem of localized corrosion and the observed 28 mV potential difference was lower than the dispersion of results usually obtained from readings of corrosion potentials in electrochemical cells.

Practical implications

The use of two different types of steel in contact with each other may lead to galvanic corrosion, and the welding of steel pieces may lead to several corrosion problems. Since the boiler may be used in different countries, subject to a great diversity of water quality, corrosion may be a significant problem.

Originality/value

Literature data of the AISI 444 steel corrosion behaviour are still scarce. The coupling of two different stainless steels (AISI 304 and 444) in the water reservoir manufacturing was a necessary requirement of the solar energy industry. The manufacturers of boilers must evaluate and quantify the corrosion processes, which occur in the equipment used in the solar energy industry. As the solar energy industry has matured in the last ten years, the corrosion of this equipment may be a significant problem in due course.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 55 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1997

Keith Charles Bendall

States that duplex (austenitic/ferritic) stainless steels offer properties of interest and a cost‐effective material selection solution for plant and equipment in the pulp…

Abstract

States that duplex (austenitic/ferritic) stainless steels offer properties of interest and a cost‐effective material selection solution for plant and equipment in the pulp and paper industry. Reviews characteristics of duplex steels leading to successful long‐term applications of 22 Cr duplex and a copper containing 25 Cr super duplex stainless steel. Concludes that, applied correctly, two‐phase stainless steels can provide long‐term reliable maintenance‐free service in many pulp and paper plant environments.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 44 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2006

Egnalda Pereira da Silva, Evandro de Azevedo Alvarenga, Maria das Mercês Reis de Castro and Vanessa de Freitas Cunha Lins

The purpose of this study was to select an atmospheric corrosion evaluation methodology and to establish a range of relative corrosion penetration and/or progress values…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to select an atmospheric corrosion evaluation methodology and to establish a range of relative corrosion penetration and/or progress values, which could be used as reference in the selection of materials for the civil construction industry.

Design/methodology/approach

Salt spray, field tests, accelerated cyclic tests and accelerated field tests were used to evaluate atmospheric corrosion resistance of civil construction materials. The cyclic accelerated test and the field test with saline solution spray were found to be appropriate for atmospheric corrosion resistance evaluation.

Findings

The corrosion resistance of aluminium killed mild steel, aluminium killed copper added steel, and electrogalvanized steels, all phosphatized and painted, were evaluated by field and accelerated corrosion tests. Of the materials studied, aluminium killed mild steel showed the least resistance to atmospheric corrosion. The use of aluminium killed copper added steel is recommended for material specification in the civil construction industry.

Research limitations/implications

Salt sprays are not adequate to evaluate atmospheric corrosion resistance. There are other cyclic tests that could be tested in future work.

Practical implications

Brazilian technical standards, which specify the metallic materials used in the civil construction industry, will be changed in order to include the construction steel corrosion resistance evaluation methodology, which is proposed in this paper. As a result, the tendency of the construction materials lifetime is set to increase.

Originality/value

This paper contributes to the improvement of the Brazilian Technical Standard by the inclusion of an atmospheric corrosion resistance requirement.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 53 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2003

H.Y. Leung and R.V. Balendran

Use of fibre‐reinforced polymer (FRP) composite rods, in lieu of steel rebars, as the main flexural reinforcements in reinforced concrete (RC) beams have recently been…

Abstract

Use of fibre‐reinforced polymer (FRP) composite rods, in lieu of steel rebars, as the main flexural reinforcements in reinforced concrete (RC) beams have recently been suggested by many researchers. However, the development of FRP RC beam design is still stagnant in the construction industry and this may be attributed to a number of reasons such as the high cost of FRP rods compared to steel rebars and the reduced member ductility due to the brittleness of FRP rods. To resolve these problems, one of the possible methods is to adopt both FRP rods and steel rebars to internally reinforce the concrete members. The effectiveness of this new reinforcing system remains problematic and continued research in this area is needed. An experimental study on the load‐deflection behaviour of concrete beams internally reinforced with glass fibre‐reinforced polymer (GFRP) rods and steel rebars was therefore conducted and some important findings are summarized in this paper.

Details

Structural Survey, vol. 21 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-080X

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1961

E. Ineson

Stainless steel is rapidly achieving pre‐eminence as a favoured material of construction due, no doubt, to the fact that for many applications in chemical plant it is the…

Abstract

Stainless steel is rapidly achieving pre‐eminence as a favoured material of construction due, no doubt, to the fact that for many applications in chemical plant it is the only material that can fulfil the stringent requirements as well as ensuring minimum maintenance costs. This article describes the constitution of stainless steels and their physical, mechanical and corrosion properties. Finally, their importance to the chemical plant designer is surveyed.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 8 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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