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Book part
Publication date: 20 May 2019

James R. Jones

The US Congress is a racialized governing institution that plays an important role structuring the racial hierarchy in the nation. Despite Congress’s influence, there is little…

Abstract

The US Congress is a racialized governing institution that plays an important role structuring the racial hierarchy in the nation. Despite Congress’s influence, there is little theoretical and empirical research on its racialized structure – that is, how it operates and the racial processes that shape it. This lacuna has developed from a narrow conceptualization of Congress as a political institution, and it ignores how it is a multifaceted organization that features a large and complex workplace. Congressional staff are the invisible force in American policymaking, and it is through their assistance that members of Congress can fulfill their responsibilities. However, the congressional workplace is stratified along racial lines. In this chapter, I theorize how the congressional workplace became racialized, and I identify the racial processes that maintain a racialized workplace today. I investigate how lawmakers have organized their workplace and made decisions about which workers would be appropriate for different types of roles in the Capitol. Through a racial analysis of the congressional workplace, I show a connection between Congress as an institution and workplace and how racial domination is a thread that connects and animates both its formal and informal structures.

Details

Race, Organizations, and the Organizing Process
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-492-3

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1994

Coors Ceramics GmbH, subsidiary of Coors Ceramics Company's Electronic Products Group, has appointed Mr Viktor Fronz as its German National Accounts Manager. Mr Fronz assumed…

Abstract

Coors Ceramics GmbH, subsidiary of Coors Ceramics Company's Electronic Products Group, has appointed Mr Viktor Fronz as its German National Accounts Manager. Mr Fronz assumed responsibility for all of Coors Ceramics' electronic products accounts in Germany on 1 July 1994.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1982

R. Mettler

The printed circuit has been a fundamental building block for the electronic industry for several decades. What will be the impact on our industry of technological developments…

Abstract

The printed circuit has been a fundamental building block for the electronic industry for several decades. What will be the impact on our industry of technological developments, design demands and functional requirements in the next few years? Chip carriers—0·010 in. holes—0·001 in. lines and spaces—surface mounting of components—organic circuits—programmable circuits—microminiaturisation—new substrates—new metallisation—building to electrical rather than physical specification. Assuming continued explosive electronic growth, coupled with accelerated evolutionary developments, will the present structure, philosophy and management of our industry permit it to respond effectively to these challenges.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 9 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Article
Publication date: 1 November 1990

The new COSHH (Control of Substances Hazardous to Health) regulations demand the regular monitoring of employees exposure to solvent vapours. With the launch of the Carlo Erba…

Abstract

The new COSHH (Control of Substances Hazardous to Health) regulations demand the regular monitoring of employees exposure to solvent vapours. With the launch of the Carlo Erba TDAS 5000 Thermal Desorption Autosampler by Fisons Instruments this task has been made far simpler.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 19 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Book part
Publication date: 21 October 2019

Sveinn Vidar Gudmundsson

European air transport policy, emerged through the confluence of case law and legislation, in four broad areas: liberalization, safety and security, greening, and the external…

Abstract

European air transport policy, emerged through the confluence of case law and legislation, in four broad areas: liberalization, safety and security, greening, and the external policy. Following the implementation of the single market for air transport, policy shifted to liberalizing and regulating associated services and in recent years to greening, the external aviation policy, and safety and security. Inclusion of air transport in the Environmental Trading Scheme of the European Union exemplifies the European Commission’s proactive stand on bringing the industry in line with emission reduction trajectories of other industries. However, the bid to include flights to third countries in the trading scheme pushed the EU into a controversial position, causing the Commission to halt implementation and to give ICAO time to seek a global multilateral agreement. The chapter also discusses how the nationality clauses in air services agreements breached the Treaty of Rome, and a court ruling to that effect enabled the EC to extend EU liberalization policies beyond the European Union, resulting in the Common Aviation Area with EU fringe countries and the Open Aviation Area with the USA. Another important area of progress was aviation safety, where the EU region is unsurpassed in the world, yet the Commission has pushed the boundary even further, by establishing the European Safety Agency to oversee the European Aviation Safety Management System. Another important area of regulatory development was aviation security, a major focus after the woeful events in 2001, but increasingly under industry scrutiny on costs and effectiveness. The chapter concludes by arguing that in the coming decade, the EU will strive to strengthen its position as a global countervailing power, symbolized in air transport by a leadership position in environmental policy and international market liberalization, exemplified in the EU’s external aviation policy.

Details

Airline Economics in Europe
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-282-5

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 2006

Heiko Gebauer

This paper provides a better understanding of why manufacturing companies often fail to enter the low‐end market.

1361

Abstract

Purpose

This paper provides a better understanding of why manufacturing companies often fail to enter the low‐end market.

Design/methodology/approach

Case studies on Swiss firms that create competitive advantage through technological, quality and/or innovation leadership are the main tool of theory development.

Findings

Our objective was to explain why firms often fail to enter the low‐end market. The main finding is a method for entering the low‐end market successfully.

Research limitations/implications

Our remarks are limited to manufacturing firms that create competitive advantage through technological, quality and/or innovation leadership.

Practical implications

The key managerial implications is a method for entering the low‐end market successfully. The method offers some guidance for overcoming the successive hurdles limiting the entry in the low‐term price segment in emerging markets.

Originality/value

We were able to add a complementary perspective to existing literature on the international management. We suggest that the long‐term success in emerging markets is influenced strongly by the entry in the low‐end price segment.

Details

Journal of Business Strategy, vol. 27 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0275-6668

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1987

Lorna Cullen

In this second part of the report on Printed Circuit World Convention IV held at the Tokyo Prince Hotel, Tokyo, from 3–5 June 1987, a general synopsis of the content of the papers…

Abstract

In this second part of the report on Printed Circuit World Convention IV held at the Tokyo Prince Hotel, Tokyo, from 3–5 June 1987, a general synopsis of the content of the papers presented in the eighteen technical sessions will be given. As three sessions were run in parallel throughout the 2½‐day conference, and therefore not all presentations were heard by those reporting on the technical programme, a number of them have been briefly summarised from the Convention Proceedings.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Article
Publication date: 18 January 2021

Nils Soguel and Naomi Luta

The International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) have driven the modernisation of public systems of financial information. The extent and pace of their implementation…

Abstract

Purpose

The International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) have driven the modernisation of public systems of financial information. The extent and pace of their implementation remain uneven. The goal of this study was to measure whether and how much governmental accounting standards converge towards IPSAS' true and fair approach.

Design/methodology/approach

The empirical context of the 26 Swiss cantons was used to apply a simplified maturity model. Under two successive reforms (maturity stages), each canton's accounting standards was assessed and scored. The derived maturity levels indicate how close—or far—each canton has stood from a state of full IPSAS compliance (full maturity), at each stage of the process.

Findings

As Swiss cantons have a certain degree of autonomy in setting their own accounting standards, the evolving paths they followed when implementing IPSAS were heterogeneous. The maturity level attained by each canton within each stage thus varies. However, the results show that the two successive reforms had an overall favourable impact on Swiss cantonal accounting standards compliance with IPSAS, and fairly improved the faithfulness of reported financial information.

Originality/value

This research contributes to the international literature on public accounting standards and provides new insights for the assessment of convergence with IPSAS.

Details

International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 34 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3558

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1984

J.D.C. Hemsley, a Director of OMI International Corporation's manufacturing and marketing business in the UK, has been elected President of The Institute of Metal Finishing for a…

Abstract

J.D.C. Hemsley, a Director of OMI International Corporation's manufacturing and marketing business in the UK, has been elected President of The Institute of Metal Finishing for a two‐year term commencing July 1984.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 11 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Article
Publication date: 17 December 2018

Agustina Calatayud, John Mangan and Martin Christopher

An emerging theme in the practitioner literature suggests that the supply chain of the future – enabled especially by developments in ICT – will be autonomous and have predictive…

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Abstract

Purpose

An emerging theme in the practitioner literature suggests that the supply chain of the future – enabled especially by developments in ICT – will be autonomous and have predictive capabilities, bringing significant efficiency gains in an increasingly complex and uncertain environment. This paper aims to both bridge the gap between the practitioner and academic literature on these topics and contribute to both practice and theory by seeking to understand how such developments will help to address key supply chain challenges and opportunities.

Design/methodology/approach

A multi-disciplinary, systematic literature review was conducted on relevant concepts and capabilities. A total of 126 articles were reviewed covering the time period 1950-2018.

Findings

The results show that both IoT and AI are the technologies most frequently associated with the anticipated autonomous and predictive capabilities of future supply chains. In addition, the review highlights a lacuna in how such technologies and capabilities help address key supply chain challenges and opportunities. A new supply chain model is, thus, proposed, one with autonomous and predictive capabilities: the self-thinking supply chain.

Originality/value

It is our hope that this novel concept, presented here for the first time in the academic literature, will help both practitioners to craft appropriate future-proofed supply chain strategies and provide the research community with a model (built upon multidisciplinary insights) for elucidating the application of new digital technologies in the supply chain of the future. The self-thinking supply chain has the potential in particular to help address some of today’s key supply chain challenges and opportunities.

Details

Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, vol. 24 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-8546

Keywords

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