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Article
Publication date: 5 May 2015

Branislav Dobrucky, Michal Frivaldsky and Juraj Koscelnik

Many electric circuits feature some type of non-linearity of their used devices. Non-linear resistors or inductors could be typical examples. Also, all semiconductor…

Abstract

Purpose

Many electric circuits feature some type of non-linearity of their used devices. Non-linear resistors or inductors could be typical examples. Also, all semiconductor devices are in their nature non-linear ones. The simulation models are very important parts of the design of the devices in various fields of industry. Multiply (multiple) simulation, verified by the measurement on the physical sample, help to improve the converter design by understanding the current and voltage behavior of non-linear elements. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Mathematical model of LCTLC inverter was made. Fictitious exciting function was applied on LCTLC inverter model. The non-linear inductance with the real core EFD model has been created and consequentially used for MatLab simulation experiments. MatLab and OrCAD/PSpice simulation results were compared with experimental measurements carried out on physical sample.

Findings

The authors have found how to simulate non-linear resonant circuits within mathematical apparatus using fictitious exciting function method. The authors provided comparisons between proposed simulation mathematical model and relevant physical sample. Multiply simulations can help to improve the converter design by understanding the current and voltage behavior of non-linear elements.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed method is applicable for simulation purposes. The only limitation is that MatLab model does not include hysteresis curve of the core, therefore it has to be modeled.

Practical implications

The design of power supplies (switched mode power supplies, UPS and resonant inverter).

Originality/value

Research in the area of behaviors of non-linear components in resonant circuits.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 34 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 6 May 2021

Zakaria Mohamed Salem Elbarbary and Mohamed Abdullrahman Alranini

Silicon photovoltaics technology has drawbacks of high cost and power conversion efficiency. In order to extract the maximum output power of the module, maximum power…

Abstract

Purpose

Silicon photovoltaics technology has drawbacks of high cost and power conversion efficiency. In order to extract the maximum output power of the module, maximum power point (MPP) is used by implying the nonlinear behavior of I-V characteristics. Different techniques are used regarding maximum power point tracking (MPPT). The paper aims to review the techniques of MPPT used in PV systems and review the comparison between Perturb and Observe (P&O) method and incremental conductance (IC) method that are used to track the maximum power and gives a comparative review of all those techniques.

Design/methodology/approach

A study of MPPT techniques for photovoltaic (PV) systems is presented. Matlab Simulink is used to find the MPP using P&O simulation along with IC simulation at a steady temperature and irradiance.

Findings

MATLAB simulations are used to implement the P&O method and IC method, which includes a PV cell connected to an MPPT-controlled boost converter. The simulation results demonstrate the accuracy of the PV model as well as the functional value of the algorithms, which has improved tracking efficiency and dynamic characteristics. P&O solution gave 94% performance when configured. P&O controller has a better time response process. As compared to the P&O method of tracking, the incremental conductance response rate was significantly slower.

Originality/value

In PV systems, MPPT techniques are used to optimize the PV array output power by continuously tracking the MPP under a variety of operating conditions, including cell temperature and irradiation level.

Details

Frontiers in Engineering and Built Environment, vol. 1 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2634-2499

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2002

FUAD MRAD, M. ASEM ABDUL‐MALAK, SALAH SADEK and ZIAD KHUDR

Robotic industrial applications are very well established in the manufacturing industry, while they are relatively in their infancy phase in the construction sector. The…

Abstract

Robotic industrial applications are very well established in the manufacturing industry, while they are relatively in their infancy phase in the construction sector. The need for automation in construction is clear especially in repetitive tasks. The excavation process, which is generally critical in most construction projects, is a prime example of such tasks. This paper addresses automation assistance in excavation. The work utilized the robotics approach towards the automation of a typical excavator model, whose structure closely resembled that of an industrial manipulator. A simulation package using Matlab was developed using several embedded design and analysis tools. Emulation was also carried out on the RHINO educational robot to confirm the simulation results. The constructed simulation package offered an integrated environment for trajectory design and analysis for an excavator while addressing the constraints related to the excavator structure, safety and stability, and mode of application.

Details

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. 9 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 7 January 2019

Balamurali Gunji, Deepak B.B.V.L., Saraswathi M.B.L. and Umamaheswara Rao Mogili

The purpose of this paper is to obtain an optimal mobile robot path planning by the hybrid algorithm, which is developed by two nature inspired meta-heuristic algorithms…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to obtain an optimal mobile robot path planning by the hybrid algorithm, which is developed by two nature inspired meta-heuristic algorithms, namely, cuckoo-search and bat algorithm (BA) in an unknown or partially known environment. The cuckoo-search algorithm is based on the parasitic behavior of the cuckoo, and the BA is based on the echolocation behavior of the bats.

Design/methodology/approach

The developed algorithm starts by sensing the obstacles in the environment using ultrasonic sensor. If there are any obstacles in the path, the authors apply the developed algorithm to find the optimal path otherwise reach the target point directly through diagonal distance.

Findings

The developed algorithm is implemented in MATLAB for the simulation to test the efficiency of the algorithm for different environments. The same path is considered to implement the experiment in the real-world environment. The ARDUINO microcontroller along with the ultrasonic sensor is considered to obtain the path length and time of travel of the robot to reach the goal point.

Originality/value

In this paper, a new hybrid algorithm has been developed to find the optimal path of the mobile robot using cuckoo search and BAs. The developed algorithm is tested with the real-world environment using the mobile robot.

Details

International Journal of Intelligent Unmanned Systems, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2049-6427

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 26 July 2013

Joon Huang Chuah and David Holburn

The purpose of this paper is to design a very low‐noise transimpedance amplifier (TIA) for a novel multi‐pixel CMOS photon detector which performs secondary electron (SE…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to design a very low‐noise transimpedance amplifier (TIA) for a novel multi‐pixel CMOS photon detector which performs secondary electron (SE) detection in the scanning electron microscope (SEM).

Design/methodology/approach

The TIA, which is implemented with three‐stage push‐pull inverters, is optimised using a nomograph technique developed in MATLAB. SPICE simulations are conducted to verify the results generated from MATLAB. Important performance figures are obtained experimentally and these measurements are compared with simulation results.

Findings

A low‐noise TIA fabricated in a standard 0.35 μm CMOS technology was tested. Experimental results obtained show that the TIA connected to a photodiode with a junction capacitance of 0.8 pF can carry out its task effectively with a transimpedance gain of 126.9 dBΩ, a bandwidth of 9.8 MHz, an input‐referred noise of 2.50×10−13 A/√Hz and an SNR of 12.8. The power consumption of the TIA was 49.3 mW. These encouraging results have exhibited the potential of the circuit for use in the CMOS photon detector.

Originality/value

This paper presents a low‐noise transimpedance amplifier that is highly suitable to be used as a critical constituent block for the CMOS photon detector which aims to take over the role of photomultiplier tube in SE detection in the SEM. Solid‐state approaches have recently been reinvigorated for improving certain aspects of SE detection in scanning electron microscopy and this work has supported and contributed to the trend.

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Article
Publication date: 3 January 2017

Debraj Sarkar, Debabrata Roy, Amalendu Bikash Choudhury and Sotoshi Yamada

A saturated iron core superconducting fault current limiter (SISFCL) has an important role to play in the present-day power system, providing effective protection against…

Abstract

Purpose

A saturated iron core superconducting fault current limiter (SISFCL) has an important role to play in the present-day power system, providing effective protection against electrical faults and thus ensuring an uninterrupted supply of electricity to the consumers. Previous mathematical models developed to describe the SISFCL use a simple flux density-magnetic field intensity curve representing the ferromagnetic core. As the magnetic state of the core affects the efficient working of the device, this paper aims to present a novel approach in the mathematical modeling of the device with the inclusion of hysteresis.

Design/methodology/approach

The Jiles–Atherton’s hysteresis model is utilized to develop the mathematical model of the limiter. The model is numerically solved using MATLAB. To support the validity of model, finite element model (FEM) with similar specifications was simulated.

Findings

Response of the limiter based on the developed mathematical model is in close agreement with the FEM simulations. To illustrate the effect of the hysteresis, the responses are compared by using three different hysteresis characteristics. Harmonic analysis is performed and comparison is carried out utilizing fast Fourier transform and continuous wavelet transform. It is observed that the core with narrower hysteresis characteristic not only produces a better current suppression but also creates a higher voltage drop across the DC source. It also injects more harmonics in the system under fault condition.

Originality/value

Inclusion of hysteresis in the mathematical model presents a more realistic approach in the transient analysis of the device. The paper provides an essential insight into the effect of the core hysteresis characteristic on the device performance.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 36 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 August 2019

Jun Zhong and Ruqi Ma

Jumping robots with coordinated multiple legs have been a hot research subject during the past years because of their excellent abilities in fast moving and…

Abstract

Purpose

Jumping robots with coordinated multiple legs have been a hot research subject during the past years because of their excellent abilities in fast moving and obstacle-climbing. However, dynamics of jumping process of these coordinated legged robots are complex because of collisions between coordinated legs and the ground. This paper aims to analyze features of jumping process and to present the kinematic and dynamic models of a novel sole-type quadruped jumping robot with variable coordinated joints.

Design/methodology/approach

A complete jumping period of is divided into several subphases according to contact status of different coordinated legs to the ground. Continuous dynamics and discrete dynamics are established in different subphases. Simulations are performed in MATLAB software and ADAMS environment.

Findings

Comparison between two-set simulated results acquired from ADAMS and MATLAB demonstrates the validity of kinematic and dynamic equations.

Originality/value

The established dynamics establish the foundation of further research in motion planning and controller design of coordinated multiple legs.

Details

Assembly Automation, vol. 40 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 3 May 2013

Habib Adrang and Seyed Saleh Ghoreishi

Bang‐bang clock and data recovery (BBCDR) circuits are hard nonlinear systems due to the nonlinearity introduced by the binary phase detector (BPD). The specification of…

Abstract

Purpose

Bang‐bang clock and data recovery (BBCDR) circuits are hard nonlinear systems due to the nonlinearity introduced by the binary phase detector (BPD). The specification of the CDR frequency response is determined by jitter tolerance and jitter transfer. In this paper, jitter transfer and jitter tolerance of the BBCDR are characterized.

Design/methodology/approach

The presented method is enough to be used for designing the BBCDR loop parameters.

Findings

In this paper, jitter characteristics of the BBCDR are characterized. As a result, a new equation is presented to obtain angular frequency. Also, the jitter tolerance is expressed in closed form as a function of loop parameters. The analysis is verified using behavioral simulations in MATLAB. Simulation results show that good conformance between analytical equations and simulation results.

Originality/value

The proposed approach offers two advantages compared to conventional designing methods. First, this approach does not consider any value restriction to the capacitor. Second, a new condition has been presented to guarantee that the value of jitter peaking is approximately zero.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 32 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 5 August 2019

Juan Du, Hengqing Jing, Daniel Castro-Lacouture and Vijayan Sugumaran

The purpose of this paper is to develop a multi-agent-based model for quantitatively measuring how the design change management strategies improve project performance.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop a multi-agent-based model for quantitatively measuring how the design change management strategies improve project performance.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on questionnaires and interviews, this paper investigates the coordination mechanism of risks due to design changes in prefabricated construction (PC) projects. Combined with all the variables related with design change risks, a multi-agent-based simulation model is proposed to evaluate the design change management effect.

Findings

The coordination mechanism between design change factors, design change events, risk consequence and management strategy in PC projects is described and then the simulation-based design change management mechanism in PC projects is used to assess the effect of management strategies under dynamic scenarios.

Originality/value

PC projects have rapidly increased in recent years due to the advantages of fast construction, high quality and labor savings. Different from traditional on-site construction, the impact and risk from design changes are likely to be greater due to the prefabricated project being multi-stage, highly interactive and complex. The simulations presented in this paper make it possible to test different design change management strategies in order to study their effectiveness and support managerial decision making.

Details

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. 27 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 11 May 2010

Kaiçar Ammous, Elyes Haouas and Slim Abid

The purpose of this paper is to develop a simulation tool which permits reducing the cost of long time‐range simulation of complex converters and running at high frequency.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop a simulation tool which permits reducing the cost of long time‐range simulation of complex converters and running at high frequency.

Design/methodology/approach

A different method is used to represent a simplified converter but the adopted technique uses the average representation of the cell converter.

Findings

The paper shows that the use of averaged representation of the pulse width modulation switch in multilevel converters is staying applied. The main advantage of the proposed averaged model is its simplified representation when only electrical behaviour is considered.

Research limitations/implications

The analytical algorithm of the averaged model can be introduced in different simulator as it has a description language, enabling study of the Compatibilité Electromagnétique and electrothermal phenomena.

Originality/value

This paper presents an averaged model of the multilevel converter which can be implemented in any simulator as it has a description language.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 29 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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