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Article
Publication date: 14 October 2019

Rudra Pradhan, Mak B. Arvin, Sahar Bahmani and John H. Hall

The purpose of this paper is to consider the heterogeneous relationship among financial development, foreign direct investment (FDI) and economic growth, examining the possible…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to consider the heterogeneous relationship among financial development, foreign direct investment (FDI) and economic growth, examining the possible directions of causality among them in both the short and long runs.

Design/methodology/approach

A sample of the G-20 countries over the period 1970–2016 is utilized. A vector error-correction model is used to consider the possible directions of causality among financial development, FDI and economic growth.

Findings

Results suggest a cointegrating relationship among the three series. Although short-run links among the variables are mostly non-uniform, both financial development and FDI matter in the determination of long-run economic growth.

Practical implications

Attention must be paid to policies that promote financial development. This, in turn, calls for fostering incentives to guarantee continued support to liberalize the economy and promoting capital openness. Additionally, financial infrastructure should be improved to improve financial innovation. The establishment of a well-developed financial market, including well-functioning banks and other financial institutions, can facilitate further investment and an easier means of raising capital to support the activities of FDI. Economic growth can ultimately be elevated through both financial development and FDI.

Originality/value

The study considers a sample of the G-20 countries, which have received relatively little attention in the existing literature. In addition, the study concurrently analyses the trivariate causal relationship among financial development, FDI and economic growth, a topic on which there has been a dearth of research.

Details

Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 46 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3585

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 February 2020

Anita Medhekar, Ho Yin Wong and John Edward Hall

The purpose of this paper is to explore the supply-side factors that determines the quality of global healthcare services from medical tourism healthcare providers’ (MTHP…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the supply-side factors that determines the quality of global healthcare services from medical tourism healthcare providers’ (MTHP) perspective, which provide value-in-medical-travel to foreign patients/medical tourists, who travel to India for medical treatment/surgery.

Design/methodology/approach

The thematic content analysis of in-depth interviews with 15 senior MTHP, from 15 private hospitals in India was undertaken, to generate the themes, and identify the supply-side factors necessary for sustainable medical tourism management.

Findings

The findings conclude that MTHP ranked in ascending order, less waiting-time for surgery, healthcare quality and accreditation, staff/surgeon’s expertise, healthcare information, hospital facilities and services, patient-safety, travel-risk, surgical costs and holiday opportunity as essential factors for providing sustainable quality and value-in-medical-travel to patients.

Research limitations/implications

Many private hospital spokespersons declined to be interviewed due to confidentiality and privacy policy

Practical implications

The findings are generalised in case of global private hospitals treating foreign patients. Policy implications suggest that private hospitals in developing countries need to focus on providing value-in-medical-travel, such as accreditation quality of healthcare, no waiting-time, patient-safety, qualified and experienced medical and non-medical staff, hospital facilities and post-surgery care with positive healthcare outcomes.

Social implications

Medical-tour facilitators, hotels and tourism sites need to collaborate with agencies to provide inclusive built environment, first-aid and wheelchair access, to medical tourists, having financial and legal implications for business.

Originality/value

There is little qualitative empirical research on the views of MTHP, regarding management of essential supply-side factors that provide value-in-medical-travel to attract medical tourists to India.

医疗保健提供者对印度医疗旅行价值的看法

目的

本文的目的是从医疗旅游医疗保健提供者的角度探讨决定全球医疗服务质量的供应方因素, 这些因素可为前往印度求医的外国患者/医疗游客提供医疗旅行的价值治疗/手术.

设计/方法

对印度15家私立医院的15家高级医疗旅游保健提供者(MTHP)进行了深度访谈, 对主题内容进行了分析, 以生成主题并确定可持续医疗旅游管理所必需的供应方因素。

调查结果

研究结果得出结论, MTHP以升序排列的顺序是:手术等待时间, 医疗质量和认证, 工作人员/外科医生的专业知识, 医疗保健信息, 医院设施和服务, 患者安全, 旅行风险, 手术费用和度假时间机会是为患者提供医疗旅行可持续质量和价值的重要因素。

研究局限性

由于医院的机密性和隐私权政策, 许多私立医院发言人拒绝接受采访。

实际含义

如果全球私立医院为外国医疗游客提供治疗, 那么研究结果将得到概括。政策含义表明, 发展中国家的私立医院需要集中精力提供医疗旅行价值, 例如无需等待时间的医疗保健认证质量和患者安全, 合格和经验丰富的医务人员和非医务人员, 医院设施和后期医疗服务。具有积极医疗效果的手术护理。

社会含义

旅馆, 医疗旅行促进者和旅游景点需要与机构合作, 为医疗游客提供紧急急救和轮椅通道, 这对企业有财务和法律影响。

独创性/价值

关于MTHP观点的定性实证研究很少, 涉及对提供医疗旅行价值以吸引医疗游客前往印度的基本供应方因素的管理。

关键词

印度, 医疗旅游, 全球化 等待时间, 患者安全, 认证质量

论文类型

研究论文

Perspectiva del valor de los proveedores del cuidado de la salud en viajes con propositos medicos a la India

Proposito

El propósito de esta investigación es explorar los factores que del lado de la oferta determinan la calidad de los servicios globales de salud desde el punto de vista del proveedor, el cual agrega valor al viaje con propósitos médicos a pacientes/turistas médicos quienes viajan a la India para tratamientos médicos ó cirugía.

Metodologia

El análisis de contenido temático de las detalladas entrevistas, con-15 proveedores experimentados de asistencia sanitaria de turismo medico, en-15 hospitales de la India, fué realizado para generar los temas é identificar los factores que del lado de la oferta son necesarios para la gestión sostenible del turismo médico.

Hallazgos

Los hallazgos concluyen que proveedores experimentados de turismo ranquearon en orden ascendente la reducción en tiempos de espera para cirugías, acreditación de la calidad del cuidado de la salud, experticia del personal no médico y de cirugía, información del cuidado de la salud, servicios é instalaciones de los hospitales, seguridad del paciente, riesgos de viaje, costos de cirugías, y oportunidades vacacionales, como factores esenciales para proveer calidad sostenible y valor en los viajes con propósitos médicos a los pacientes.

Limitaciones de la Investigacion

Muchos representates de los hospitales privados se rehusaron a ser entrevistados debido las políticas de privacidad y confidencialidad del hospitales.

Implicaciones practicas

Los hallazgos son generalizables en el caso de hospitales privados globales que tratan a turistas médicos extranjeros. Las implicaciones políticas sugieren que los hospitales privados en los países en vía de desarrollo necesitan enfocarse en agregar valor al viaje médico, por medios como la calidad de acreditación de la atención médica, reduccion de tiempos de espera y la seguridad del paciente, personal médico y no médico calificado y experimentado, instalaciones hospitalarias y servicios posoperatorios con resultados sanitarios positivos.

Implicaciones sociales

Los hoteles, los facilitadores de toures médicos y los sitios de turismo necesitan colaborar con las agencias para proveer primeros auxilios de emergencia y acceso en silla de ruedas a los turistas médicos, teniendo esto implicaciones financieras y legales para los negocios.

Originalidad y valor

Existe poca investigación empírica cualitativa sobre los puntos-de vista-de (MTHP) proveedores de asistencia sanitaria de turismo médico con respecto a la gestión de los factores esenciales del lado de la oferta que agregan valor al turismo con fiines médicos para atraer turistas médicos a la India.

Palabras clave

India, globalización, turismo médico, tiempo-de-espera, calidad, seguridad-del- paciente

Tipo de investigación

Trabajo de investigación

Details

Tourism Review, vol. 75 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1660-5373

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 February 2018

John Henry Hall

The purpose of this paper is to identify the shareholder value creation measure best suited to express shareholder value creation for a particular industry.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify the shareholder value creation measure best suited to express shareholder value creation for a particular industry.

Design/methodology/approach

The analysis was performed on 192 companies listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, classified into nine different samples or industries. Five shareholder value creation measures were examined, namely market value added (MVA), a market-adjusted stock return, the market-to-book ratio, Tobin’s Q ratio, and the return on capital employed divided by the cost of equity.

Findings

An analysis of the nine categories of firms led to the identification of different measures that are suited to express value creation. Stock returns did not provide an appropriate value measure. Instead, depending on the specific industry, Tobin’s Q ratio, MVA, and the market-to-book ratio should be used to measure and express value creation.

Practical implications

For management, the value drivers identified for each industry present a clear indication of industry-specific variables upon which they can focus in operating activities to most efficiently increase shareholder value.

Originality/value

Unlike previous studies that use only one or two different shareholder value creation measures as dependent variables, this study uses five different value creation measures. Another contribution of this study is the compilation of a unique set of value drivers that explain shareholder value creation separately for each of the nine different categories of firms.

Details

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, vol. 67 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 6 June 2016

John Henry Hall

Prior studies on determinants of shareholder value creation have reported conflicting and sometimes confusing results. In this study, to obtain more refined and industry-specific…

2245

Abstract

Purpose

Prior studies on determinants of shareholder value creation have reported conflicting and sometimes confusing results. In this study, to obtain more refined and industry-specific results regarding variables determining shareholder value creation, an analysis was performed focusing on different categories of firms or industries.

Design/methodology/approach

Two dependent and 11 independent variables were applied to five different industries to obtain the best set of significant value drivers of shareholder value creation for a particular industry.

Findings

Market value added (MVA) is a better indicator of shareholder value created compared to a market adjusted return. Accounting-based variables (EPS, ROA and NOPAT) are superior to economic-based variables (EVA and ROCE) in explaining shareholder value creation, but results differ, depending on the dependent variable chosen as shareholder value creation measure. For each industry, there is a unique set of variables that determine shareholder value creation; the industrial goods industry has seven significant value drivers, namely, EPS, NOPAT, ROCE, the Spread, EVA, EBEI and REVA, whilst for the food and beverages industry, there were only two significant value drivers (EPS and ROA).

Originality/value

These findings imply that management, analysts and shareholders should, depending on the specific industry in which their firm operates, take into account a more specific set of variables when making their financial decisions, including compensation or reward structuring.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. 33 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 15 June 2023

John Henry Hall

The purpose of this paper is to determine if there is a link between corporate shareholder value creation and economic growth. The first objective of this paper is to determine…

1624

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine if there is a link between corporate shareholder value creation and economic growth. The first objective of this paper is to determine which specific shareholder value measurement best explains shareholder value creation for a particular industry. The next objective of the study is to establish, for each of nine different categories of firms examined, a set of value drivers that are unique and significant in expressing shareholder value for that particular category of firms. Lastly, the relationship between shareholder value creation and economic growth is tested.

Design/methodology/approach

To quantify and measure value creation, the paper investigates the various value creation measurements that are being applied. The next step is to ascertain whether various industries have different value creation measures that best explain value creation for the respective industries. Then, the value drivers of these specific value creation measures can be determined and their relationship with economic growth tested.

Findings

The results of this study indicate that each industry does have a specific shareholder value creation measurement that best explains shareholder value creation for that industry; for example, for five of the nine categories (industries) that were analyzed, market value added was found to be the best shareholder value creation measurement, but for capital-intensive firms and manufacturing firms, the Qratio is the best measure, while for the food and beverage industry, the market to book ratio was found to be a better measure of shareholder value creation than other measures tested. It was further found that an increase in corporate shareholder value creation is to the detriment of economic growth.

Originality/value

The contribution of the present study is its determination of a unique shareholder value creation measurement for particular industries. In addition, a specific set of variables per industry that create shareholder value is identified. Lastly, the important link between shareholder value creation and economic growth is exposed.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. 41 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 15 September 2008

John L. Hall

Leadership and music are two topics that are rarely mentioned together. However, their universal, intriguing, and complex nature allows a unique framework for helping individuals…

Abstract

Leadership and music are two topics that are rarely mentioned together. However, their universal, intriguing, and complex nature allows a unique framework for helping individuals learn leadership concepts. In this paper several songs have been selected from various music genres. Each demonstrates elements of leadership. Aspects of popular culture such as music can create opportunities to learn about leadership and contribute to the development of one’s leadership style. General leadership concepts, along with the transformational approach and emotional intelligence, will be explained as we study each song. Additionally, the paper will discuss effective teaching methods and applications for using music to teach leadership.

Details

Journal of Leadership Education, vol. 7 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1552-9045

Article
Publication date: 4 September 2017

David A. Gilliam, Teresa Preston and John R. Hall

Narratives are central to consumers’ understanding of brands especially during change. The financial crisis that began in 2008 offered a changing marketplace from which to develop…

Abstract

Purpose

Narratives are central to consumers’ understanding of brands especially during change. The financial crisis that began in 2008 offered a changing marketplace from which to develop two managerially useful frameworks of consumer narratives. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Consumer focus groups, interviews with bankers and qualitative consumer surveys were used to gather consumers’ narratives about retail banking. The narratives were examined through frameworks from both the humanities and psychology (narrative identity).

Findings

The individual consumer narratives were used to create first a possible cultural narrative or bird’s eye view and later archetypal narratives of groups of consumers for a ground-level view of the changing marketplace.

Research limitations/implications

Like all early research, the findings must be examined in other contexts to improve generalizability.

Practical implications

The narrative results revealed the impact of change on consumers’ identities, views of other entities and retail banking activity to yield managerially actionable information for segmentation, target marketing, branding and communication.

Originality/value

Frameworks are developed for consumer narratives which are shown to be useful tools in examining consumers’ reactions to changing markets and in formulating marketing responses.

Details

Marketing Intelligence & Planning, vol. 35 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-4503

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 September 2023

Argho Bandyopadhyay, John Hall, Ho Yin Wong, Larry Lockshin, Yunen Zhang and Park Thaichon

This study aims to empirically validate the holistic consumer-based brand equity (CBBE) framework and establishment of the cross-over effect using consumer preferences for wine…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to empirically validate the holistic consumer-based brand equity (CBBE) framework and establishment of the cross-over effect using consumer preferences for wine “regions.”

Design/methodology/approach

The authors utilize a sample of 275 regular wine purchasers in Australia, who were aged above 30 years old and had consumed regional wine in the last 3 months through an online consumer panel survey.

Findings

By testing competing CBBE models, the main research model was found to have the greatest predictive ability, due to its inclusion of both the rational and emotional paths and the cross-over effect between consumer brand judgment and brand feeling. This paper indicates that consumers enhance brand equity and develop a strong ongoing relationship with regional wine brands by simultaneously engaging in both mental behavior paths, where, in the meantime, rational processing has a cross-over effect on emotional processing.

Originality/value

This study expands the brand management literature by answering the future research on the CBBE model identified by Hall et al. (2021). Moreover, it establishes the underexplored cross-over effect within the CBBE literature. Furthermore, it adds to the marketing and wine-marketing literature by extending the concept of the brand to other attributes in consumer choice, such as a wine region as outlined by Giacomarra et al. (2020). Thus, this study advances the existing branding knowledge in a practical sense, which enables regional wine marketers and wine retailers to undertake promotional and product development strategies accordingly.

Details

Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, vol. 36 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-5855

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 June 2018

Elda du Toit, John Henry Hall and Rudra Prakash Pradhan

The presence of a day-of-the-week effect has been investigated by many researchers over many years, using a variety of financial data and methods. However, differences in…

Abstract

Purpose

The presence of a day-of-the-week effect has been investigated by many researchers over many years, using a variety of financial data and methods. However, differences in methodology between studies could have led to conflicting results. The purpose of this paper is to expand on an existing study to observe whether an analysis of the same data set with some added years and using a different statistical technique provide the same results.

Design/methodology/approach

The study examines the presence of a day-of-the-week effect on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) indices for the period March 1995-2016, using a GARCH model.

Findings

The findings show that, contrary to the original study, the day-of-the week effect is present in both volatility and return equations. The highest and lowest returns are observed on Monday and Friday, respectively, while volatility is observed on all five days from Monday to Friday.

Originality/value

This study adds to the existing literature on day-of-the-week effect of JSE indices, where different patterns or, in some cases, no pattern have been noted. Few previous studies on the day-of-the-week effect observed the effect at micro-level for separate industries or made use of a GARCH model. The present study thus expands on the study of Mbululu and Chipeta (2012), by adding four additional observation years and using a different statistical technique, to observe differences that arise from a different time period and statistical technique. The results indicate that a day-of-the-week effect is mostly a function of the statistical technique applied.

Details

African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, vol. 9 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-0705

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 15 August 2016

John L. Hall and Thomas W. Broyles

The study’s purpose was to determine Extension agents’ (n= 111) perceived level of importance, knowledge, and training needs for leadership skills. Mean Weighted Discrepancy…

Abstract

The study’s purpose was to determine Extension agents’ (n= 111) perceived level of importance, knowledge, and training needs for leadership skills. Mean Weighted Discrepancy Scores were calculated to determine training needs. Participants’ perceived responses were average to above average importance for all skills; however, the participants’ perceived responses were varied concerning knowledge for most skills. The five highest rated training needs were resolve conflict, efficiently manage time, assess community needs, effectively lead a team, and prioritize tasks. The only common training need by Agriculture & Natural Resources (ANR), Family & Consumer Sciences (FCS), and 4-H agents was resolve conflict. Create vision was a training need only identified by FCS agents. The 4-H role needs were handle emotions and handle criticism.

Details

Journal of Leadership Education, vol. 15 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1552-9045

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