Search results

1 – 10 of 248
Article
Publication date: 1 December 2002

Isabella Brown

This preliminary paper reviews recent evidence that suggests that there is a strong link between increasing consumption of caffeine and reduced incidence of Parkinson’s disease…

Abstract

This preliminary paper reviews recent evidence that suggests that there is a strong link between increasing consumption of caffeine and reduced incidence of Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s disease currently affects 1 in 1,000 of the general population and has no cure. Whilst the biological changes resulting in Parkinson’s disease symptoms are well known, the initial cause of these is not. Should a relatively simple lifestyle factor such as caffeine be proven to protect against Parkinson’s disease, then this represents a major breakthrough in knowledge about the disease.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 32 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 October 2004

Isabella Brown

This paper is the fourth in a series on Parkinson's disease and diet and investigates the role which antioxidant vitamins A and C, niacin and selenium may have on the incidence of…

1001

Abstract

This paper is the fourth in a series on Parkinson's disease and diet and investigates the role which antioxidant vitamins A and C, niacin and selenium may have on the incidence of the disease. Oxidative stress is believed to be a key factor in the development of PD and all of these have a role in preventing oxidative stress mediated cell damage. Dietary information was obtained via questionnaires. Vitamin C was found to reduce the risk of PD by 40 per cent in one study, although this was not supported by other studies. Niacin was associated with an at least 70 per cent reduced risk of PD incidence in a number of studies. No evidence was found to support a role for vitamin A or selenium. There is a need for further research to support or disprove the roles of these antioxidant vitamins within the aetiology of PD.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 34 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2004

Isabella Brown

Whilst Parkinson's disease (PD) remains incurable recent evidence has suggested that diet may have a role in delaying the onset of symptoms and/or reducing the risk of developing…

Abstract

Whilst Parkinson's disease (PD) remains incurable recent evidence has suggested that diet may have a role in delaying the onset of symptoms and/or reducing the risk of developing the disease. This paper is the first in a series on diet and PD and outlines the effect that vitamin E may have on the prevalence of the disease. Results have indicated that a doubled intake of vitamin E has been associated with a reduction in disease incidence of up to 70 per cent, possibly due to reducing the effects of oxidative stress. Raised intake of peanuts and salad dressing has also associated with a reduced risk of PD. Although no guaranteed protection can be conferred by vitamin E intake it can be recommended that individuals at risk of PD could increase their intake as it may be of benefit and is unlikely to be harmful.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 34 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 October 2004

Isabella Brown

Parkinson's disease is an age‐related brain disease which is currently incurable. The long period during which damage occurs but symptoms are not evident is a focus of research…

457

Abstract

Parkinson's disease is an age‐related brain disease which is currently incurable. The long period during which damage occurs but symptoms are not evident is a focus of research with an aim to finding ways of reducing damage. This paper is the third in a series of diet and PD and covers the evidence for a role of fruit, vegetables and grains in the development of PD. Evidence is not conclusive but suggests that increasing the consumption of fruit, vegetables and grains may reduce the incidence of PD. A small number of studies have found a positive association between fruit and vegetables and PD but this may be due to chemical contamination. There is a need for further research to be carried out, preferably as part of a large ongoing study, rather than using retospective data, with its inherent bias.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 34 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 August 2004

Isabella Joanna Brown

Parkinson's disease (PD) affects up to one in ten of those over 80 and is currently incurable. Much current research focus on the preclinical period of damage and it is believed…

Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD) affects up to one in ten of those over 80 and is currently incurable. Much current research focus on the preclinical period of damage and it is believed that diet may affect the development of the disease. This paper is the second in a series on diet and PD and outlines the effect dietary fat may have on disease prevalence. Initial dietary analysis studies indicated that fat intake appeared to be associated with raised incidences of PD, this probably being due to animal rather than vegetable fat. Results indicated that animal fat was associated with an up to fivefold increased risk of PD whereas vegetable fat did not appear to affect incidence. More recent evidence questions this finding, as, whilst a similar trend exists, the statistical significance is not strong. Likewise the study methodology is all retrospective and could introduce significant recall bias. Nonetheless, it would be recommended that individuals at risk of PD should alter their fat intake in favour of vegetable fat, whilst reducing overall levels in line with healthy eating guidelines.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 34 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Women in Leadership 2nd Edition
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-064-8

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1971

Carol McNeill

ON THE 15TH OF JANUARY 1803 Marjory Fleming was born in a house in the High Street of Kirkcaldy; and in her short life of almost nine years she wrote the diaries and poems which…

Abstract

ON THE 15TH OF JANUARY 1803 Marjory Fleming was born in a house in the High Street of Kirkcaldy; and in her short life of almost nine years she wrote the diaries and poems which have made her something of a legend. But was she really a child genius, protegée and dear friend of Walter Scott, and the toast of literary Edinburgh—as some of her biographers would have us believe? The mists of Victorian sentimentality are hard to pierce, and facts have become confused by romantic embroidery.

Details

Library Review, vol. 23 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1993

Andrew D. Brown

Argues that the effective management of technological changerequires transformational leadership, and that one of the principaltools employed by the transformational leader is…

1699

Abstract

Argues that the effective management of technological change requires transformational leadership, and that one of the principal tools employed by the transformational leader is rites. Rites are elaborate, dramatic, planned sets of activities that promote change in individuals at both the psychological and the behavioural level. Illustrates the various ways in which managers are able to facilitate change through the use of social rites using data drawn from 12 detailed case studies of Manufacturing Resource Planning II (MRP II) implementations. While the focus of the article is primarily on technological change, it is clear that the lessons drawn here are more generally applicable.

Details

Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol. 14 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7739

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1991

Allan Metz

This is a selective annotated bibliography of the literature on Christopher Columbus from 1970 to 1989. The subject is particularly relevant considering the approach of the…

Abstract

This is a selective annotated bibliography of the literature on Christopher Columbus from 1970 to 1989. The subject is particularly relevant considering the approach of the Quincentenary of the “discovery” of America in 1992. For that same reason, there has been an outpouring of literature on the subject since 1990, a significant subset of which contributes to are interpretation of Columbus the man, his voyages, and their impact on the new world. It is hoped that this more recent literature will be part of a subsequent annotated bibliography.

Details

Reference Services Review, vol. 19 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

Article
Publication date: 1 December 1993

Andrew D. Brown

Provides a framework for understanding some social and cognitiveimplementation processes that accompany technological change. Gives abrief overview of MRPII. Highlights its…

Abstract

Provides a framework for understanding some social and cognitive implementation processes that accompany technological change. Gives a brief overview of MRPII. Highlights its practical benefits and reviews the difficulties of achieving a successful implementation. Makes a case for re‐thinking technological change paying closer attention to social and cognitive phenomena, using material drawn from a detailed study of 13 MRPII implementations. Finally, draws some conclusions concerning the nature of technological change and the merits and deficiencies of the framework.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 13 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

Keywords

1 – 10 of 248