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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2016

David W. Gavel and Jon T. Mandracchia

Criminogenic thinking refers to patterns of specific cognitive events associated with criminal behavior that facilitate the development and maintenance of patterned criminal…

Abstract

Purpose

Criminogenic thinking refers to patterns of specific cognitive events associated with criminal behavior that facilitate the development and maintenance of patterned criminal behavior. Relatively little is known about the specific processes involved in the development of criminogenic thinking. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to examine ego identity development and criminal associations as two possible predictors of criminogenic thinking.

Design/methodology/approach

Participants included 104 adult male state penitentiary inmates. Participants completed measures assessing ego identity status, criminogenic thinking, and the amount of time spent in the presence with other offers. Data were analyzed with a series of hierarchical regressions.

Findings

Results indicated that active engagement in the psychosocial process of identity development is associated with decreased criminogenic thinking. However, interaction with criminal associates and incarceration prior to the age of 18 were significant predictors of criminogenic thinking, regardless of identity development style. Implications for correctional mental health and offender rehabilitation are discussed.

Originality/value

As this is the first study of its’ kind and limitations are to be expected, there are several potential implications for correctional mental health and offender rehabilitation that are discussed.

Details

Journal of Criminal Psychology, vol. 6 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2009-3829

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 6 May 2008

David A. Yalof

The premise that the U.S. Supreme Court never veers too far off from the dominant national political coalition (Dahl, 1957) has become widely accepted among social scientists…

Abstract

The premise that the U.S. Supreme Court never veers too far off from the dominant national political coalition (Dahl, 1957) has become widely accepted among social scientists today. To fulfill that promise, however, the confirmation process for justices must serve as a plebiscite through which the public can ratify or reject future justices based on their views. Unfortunately, modern confirmation hearings have become an exercise in obfuscation, providing little meaningful dialogue on important issues. Because conservative Republican presidents have made the lion's share of appointments in recent times, social conservatives have most often benefited from a process that has severed the link between Supreme Court nominees and the polity they must serve.

Details

Special Issue Constitutional Politics in a Conservative Era
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-7623-1486-7

Article
Publication date: 12 October 2015

Anette Nyqvist

In this paper the annual general meetings (AGM) of corporations are conceptualized as front-stage performances and dramas where the three roles of the corporation – the…

Abstract

Purpose

In this paper the annual general meetings (AGM) of corporations are conceptualized as front-stage performances and dramas where the three roles of the corporation – the shareholder, manager and director – perform the corporation as a particular type of organization. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Meeting ethnography conducted at four seasons of AGMs in Sweden.

Findings

The study sheds light on how the required AGM of public companies may be seen as a ritualized, legitimizing and trust-building corporate performance where the different roles of the corporation are played out in positioning procedures and where the corporation as an organizational form is enacted.

Originality/value

The topic is of this paper is clearly original. Looking at corporations from an anthropological angle, exploring foundation myths, rites and organizational cultures, have been employed earlier, but exploring AGMs from an anthropological angle, is new.

Details

Journal of Organizational Ethnography, vol. 4 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2046-6749

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 15 June 2014

David M. Rosch, Barry L. Boyd and Duran KristinaM.

Leadership development goal statements of 92 undergraduate students enrolled in a multi-year self-directed leadership development program were analyzed using content and thematic…

Abstract

Leadership development goal statements of 92 undergraduate students enrolled in a multi-year self-directed leadership development program were analyzed using content and thematic analyses to investigate patterns of similarities and differences across gender and race. This qualitative analysis utilized a theoretical framework that approached leadership typed traits, skills, or behaviors (Northouse, 2009). Significant differences emerged by gender; women were more interested in developing leadership-oriented traits while men displayed more interest in developing specific skills. No differences emerged across racial groups.

Details

Journal of Leadership Education, vol. 13 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1552-9045

Content available
Book part
Publication date: 16 September 1997

Abstract

Details

Advances in Librarianship
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-12024-621-2

Article
Publication date: 1 November 1912

The purity of the milk supply is intimately related to the health of the community. There are very definite reasons why milk stands apart from other foods in its peculiar…

Abstract

The purity of the milk supply is intimately related to the health of the community. There are very definite reasons why milk stands apart from other foods in its peculiar liability to be associated with human disease. These reasons are briefly the following:—

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 14 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Book part
Publication date: 2 December 2013

Seth Abrutyn

A synthesis of the various strands of macro-sociology that is commensurate with a more robust theory of evolutionary institutionalism.

Abstract

Purpose

A synthesis of the various strands of macro-sociology that is commensurate with a more robust theory of evolutionary institutionalism.

Design/methodology/approach

Drawing from what may be conceived of as classical institutionalism and from neo-evolutionary sociology and other related traditions, this chapter endeavors to provide a general theory of evolutionary institutionalism as an overview of institutions and institutional autonomy (along with the underlying forces driving the process of autonomy), to present a theory of institutional evolution that delineates the relevant units of selection and evolution, the types of mechanisms that facilitate institutional evolution, and a typology of the sources of variation.

Findings

The chapter constitutes the attempt to provide a theoretical framework intended to engender an improved historical-comparative institutionalism inspired by the works of Max Weber and Herbert Spencer.

Research limitations/implications

The purpose of the theoretical framework presented should not be misconstrued as a general, “grand” theory for the discipline of the sociology as a whole, but rather understood as the model of a common vocabulary for sociologists interested in macro-sociology, institutions, and socio-cultural evolution designed to complement other available models.

Originality/value

As a synthesis, the originality of the theoretical framework presented lies in (1) elucidation of the idea that institutional autonomy as the “master” process of institutional evolution, (2) more precise delineation of the link between meso-level institutional entrepreneurs and institutional evolution, and (3) combination of a body of complementary – yet often loosely linked – bodies of scholarship.

Details

Social Theories of History and Histories of Social Theory
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-219-6

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 1971

Keith Mayes

There is something warm and comforting about hearing a Texan, declare ‘Ah b'lieve’. When Secretary of the Treasury John Bowden Connally went before the press to offer some…

Abstract

There is something warm and comforting about hearing a Texan, declare ‘Ah b'lieve’. When Secretary of the Treasury John Bowden Connally went before the press to offer some explanation of President Nixon's new economic programme, the administration was the administration of Richard Nixon, but the voice was pure Lyndon Johnson.

Details

Industrial Management, vol. 71 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-6929

Article
Publication date: 4 July 2016

David Manuel Judt and Craig Lawson

The purpose of this paper is to present a new computational framework to address future preliminary design needs for aircraft subsystems. The ability to investigate multiple…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a new computational framework to address future preliminary design needs for aircraft subsystems. The ability to investigate multiple candidate technologies forming subsystem architectures is enabled with the provision of automated architecture generation, analysis and optimization. Main focus lies with a demonstration of the frameworks workings, as well as the optimizers performance with a typical form of application problem.

Design/methodology/approach

The core aspects involve a functional decomposition, coupled with a synergistic mission performance analysis on the aircraft, architecture and component levels. This may be followed by a complete enumeration of architectures, combined with a user defined technology filtering and concept ranking procedure. In addition, a hybrid heuristic optimizer, based on ant systems optimization and a genetic algorithm, is employed to produce optimal architectures in both component composition and design parameters. The optimizer is tested on a generic architecture design problem combined with modified Griewank and parabolic functions for the continuous space.

Findings

Insights from the generalized application problem show consistent rediscovery of the optimal architectures with the optimizer, as compared to a full problem enumeration. In addition multi-objective optimization reveals a Pareto front with differences in component composition as well as continuous parameters.

Research limitations/implications

This paper demonstrates the frameworks application on a generalized test problem only. Further publication will consider real engineering design problems.

Originality/value

The paper addresses the need for future conceptual design methods of complex systems to consider a mixed concept space of both discrete and continuous nature via automated methods.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 33 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2006

J. David Lichtenthal, Gopalkrishnan R. Iyer, Paul S. Busch and Thomas Tellefsen

This paper seeks to argue that a business‐marketing outlook is a lucid perspective for enhancing the value of business school faculty services provision and administration. Given…

2182

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to argue that a business‐marketing outlook is a lucid perspective for enhancing the value of business school faculty services provision and administration. Given the number of scholars worldwide in the area of business marketing (several hundred) compared with the number in consumer behavior (many thousands), there is speculation as to why business marketing attracted fewer scholars until recently (even though the phenomenon and subject have been around just as long). The evolution of business and industrial marketing as a bona fide field of academic study is documented. The importance of the business‐marketing arena is reaffirmed by arguing that it is not simply a field of inquiry but a perspective that helps legitimately align the academic world to the business world and ensures relevance and rigor in everything people do as marketing professors.

Design/methodology/approach

This is both a historical examination and a contemporary analysis of business marketing. It is based on the authors' interpretation of why a business marketing approach is relevant for all professional arenas within the academic field of marketing. Some of the indigenous hallmarks of a business marketing outlook are: the motivation for all interactions are to serve professionally as opposed to personally motivated arenas, a high degree of mutual dependence among the parties to a relationship, and the sharing of rewards, responsibilities and value creation across any dyad. These characteristics are applied to a myriad university educational activities seen through the lenses of a business marketing service provider.

Findings

A strong case is made for the value added by applying a business marketing perspective on a range of scholarly and curricular issues, including: conducting research, manuscript reviewing processes, the distinct roles of reviewer, editor and author, faculty time utilization, and enhancement of degree programs at all four levels of university instruction. Effectively applying business‐marketing characteristics will result in the long‐term enhancement of scholarly research productivity, and education within the marketing discipline and business school.

Originality/value

The paper provides a derivation of the implications of a business marketing perspective for the manufacture of research, management of reviewing processes and personnel, utilization of faculty time, and enhancement of university‐level degree programs in the field of marketing.

Details

Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, vol. 21 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0885-8624

Keywords

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