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With the continual advance of technological research and development, today's sophisticated closed circuit television systems have immense scope in almost every field of security, surveillance and industrial process control — in fact, wherever there is a situation to be observed. In an industrial environment, closed circuit television can be used to fulfil two basic functions — security and process control. Obviously each factory or plant has its own particular requirements, but today's closed circuit television systems can be tailor‐made to meet the individual specifications not only of the large, national organisations, but also those of smaller industrial concerns. In fact, closed circuit television now plays a central role in the design of new plants, rather than being added as an afterthought, and the trend in the 1980s will be towards incorporating closed circuit television into an integrated management system where all building controls are centralised.
An independent pilot scheme might be the best means of promoting the development of closed‐circuit television in British education concludes this article by a correspondent. It certainly seems true that its rapid growth will depend as much on imaginative exploitation as on greater financial or technical attractiveness. The scope for imagination in applying it to technical education and training is wide.
IN a recent address Mr. S. J. Noel‐Brown, a work study consultant who is frequently called in by local authorities, said that 209 such bodies, out of a total of 1,800, had shown a lively interest in the subject. Of these many used outside consultants or had joined in group schemes. Some authorities, however, were still living in the quill pen era, scarcely having heard of typewriters. They were struggling along with laborious, out‐of‐date equipment.
Closed‐circuit television (CCTV) surveillance systems are becoming an increasingly popular weapon in the battle against crime in town and city centres. Provides a…
Closed‐circuit television (CCTV) surveillance systems are becoming an increasingly popular weapon in the battle against crime in town and city centres. Provides a commentary on the employment of CCTV and suggests that they are most effective as part of an integrated and coherent town centre management strategy.
Based on interviews with 27 victims’ family members and survivors, this chapter explores how memory of the Oklahoma City bombing was constructed through participation in…
Based on interviews with 27 victims’ family members and survivors, this chapter explores how memory of the Oklahoma City bombing was constructed through participation in groups formed after the bombing and participation in the trials of Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols. It first addresses the efficacy of a collective memory perspective. It then describes the mental context in which interviewees joined groups after the bombing, the recovery functions groups played, and their impact on punishment expectations. Next, it discusses a media-initiated involuntary relationship between McVeigh and interviewees. Finally, this chapter examines execution witnesses’ perceptions of communication with McVeigh in his trial and execution.
THE opening months of the last war were conducted in a very leisurely fashion because the expected disasters had not befallen us. Not until our armies were rescued from the beaches of Dunkirk did the stark realities of the situation percolate into the public mind. Once the facts were understood the whole country was galvanised into activity.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential and adoption of closed-circuit television (CCTV) surveillance-based security system (hereafter “CCTV”) for enhancing…
The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential and adoption of closed-circuit television (CCTV) surveillance-based security system (hereafter “CCTV”) for enhancing the security of library materials in academic libraries of universities (central, state, deemed and private) and prestigious institutions such as Indian Institutes of Technology and Indian Institutes of Management in a developing country, i.e. India. The study also overviewed the CCTV policies of the studied libraries of universities/institutions as they relate to the ethical aspects of the surveillance system.
Structured questionnaire was designed and distributed among librarians of 24 academic libraries covering each zone of India in October 2019 in both physical and online manner. All 24 filled-in questionnaires were collected personally and online by the investigator were found valid eliciting a response rate of 100%. All the 24 filled-in questionnaires were included in the analysis of the interpretation of data. The response to 18 questions was analyzed in the form of tables and figures using descriptive statistical methods.
The study reveals that librarians’ found CCTV useful for security by controlling theft, unethical losses and missing items. It also helped to curb mutilation and vandalism, procurement of the rare material via the latest camera devices and night vision capturing, besides improving the service efficiency of the patron, as well as staff. The quantitative study surveyed security professionals to assess how each university/institution developed, deployed and integrated CCTV policies related to securing video data, safeguarding privacy and prevention of the potential for the unethical use of surveillance cameras. The analysis of the survey responses determined that more than 50% of the universities/institutions participating had a written CCTV policy. Further, library professionals find that the future of libraries lies in a CCTV system, so the cost should be brought down to improve return on investment by the mass adoption of this technology in a developing country such as India.
The findings of the study showed that the potential uses of CCTV in Indian libraries are slow compared to that of the libraries of developed countries and some of the developing countries. Many of the CCTV policies that universities/institutions did have failed to include mandated training of personnel or provisions ensuring that their policies remained up-to-date. It is suggested that universities and institutions understudy should realize the benefits of CCTV systems and incorporate-related updated tools in the security and multi-purpose uses in the libraries to enhance the services for the users and security for the materials or collections.
The paper includes implications for libraries and their professionals to approach CCTV systems with ethical considerations for procurement of library collections, which help to detect mutilation/theft, observe the misbehavior of users, as well as staff and deployment, should not be decided merely while balancing security demands.
The study is significant because it represents one of the earliest works to shed light on the current level of the use of CCTV system by librarians of studied libraries of universities/institutes in developing country such as India and how they are providing CCTV-based security and services, which are currently in its primitive nature. The study also suggested that select libraries are required to weigh up and balance many competing desires, demands and objectives.
This paper provides a concise overview of the various applications/area and uses of CCTV system including its procedures during implementation, merits and demerits while using the system described above in libraries and recommends this technology to other libraries for faster and better services for their users and security to their library materials in today’s technological advancement. It provides a set of issues that should be considered before system adoption or deployment.
THE invitations which some 4,000 scientists and technologists accept every year to visit the National Physical Laboratory during the two Open Days in May are equally available to such accredited representatives of industrial concerns as care to apply for them.
This is the common reaction of the frustrated trainee who is seeing himself, or at least attempting to see himself, for the first time on closed circuit television (CCTV)…
This is the common reaction of the frustrated trainee who is seeing himself, or at least attempting to see himself, for the first time on closed circuit television (CCTV). In this article it is the intention to examine the requirements of a trainer to prevent such comments being necessary when video recording role plays in interpersonal skill training. The means of applying the recorded material to provide meaningful feedback will be covered in a following article.