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Article
Publication date: 5 March 2018

Yasin Şöhret and T. Hikmet Karakoc

It is essential to develop more environment-friendly energy systems to prevent climate change and minimize environmental impact. Within this scope, many studies are…

Abstract

Purpose

It is essential to develop more environment-friendly energy systems to prevent climate change and minimize environmental impact. Within this scope, many studies are performed on performance and environmental assessments of many types of energy systems. This paper, different from previous studies, aims to prove exergy performance of a low-emission combustor of an aero-engine.

Design/methodology/approach

It is a well-known fact that, with respect to previous exergy analysis, highest exergy destruction occurs in the combustor component of the engine. For this reason, it is required to evaluate a low-emission aero-engine combustor thermodynamically to understand the state of the art according to the authors’ best of knowledge. In this framework, combustor has been operated at numerous conditions (variable engine load) and evaluated.

Findings

As a conclusion of the study, the impact of emission reduction on performance improvement of the aero-engine combustors exergetically is presented. It is stated that exergy efficiency of the low-emission aero-engine combustor is found to be 64.69, 61.95 and 71.97 per cent under various operating conditions.

Practical implications

Results obtained in this paper may be beneficial for researchers who are interested in combustion and propulsion technology and thermal sciences.

Originality/value

Different from former studies, the impact of operating conditions on performance of a combustor is examined from the viewpoint of thermodynamics.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 90 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

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Article
Publication date: 4 July 2016

Yingwen Yan, Yajun Wang, Yuanhao Deng and Jinghua Li

This paper aims to get an in-depth understanding of the fuel spray characteristics to further improve the emission performance of a lean premixed prevaporized (LPP…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to get an in-depth understanding of the fuel spray characteristics to further improve the emission performance of a lean premixed prevaporized (LPP) combustor with staged lean combustion.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, the fuel spray characteristics in the LPP combustor are experimentally studied by using particle image velocimetry (PIV), and raw data are processed by image-processing technologies for different inlet conditions. The effects of the fuel allocation and pilot atomizer position on fuel spray characteristics are investigated.

Findings

Experiment results show that when only the pilot atomizer is operated, the fuel spray characteristics is worsened by increasing fuel flow rate. The fuel spray fields generated by the pilot atomizer are better at the throat than that at the pilot swirler outlet; when the pilot atomizer and primary injector are operated at the same time with the same inlet fuel air ratio, the spray characteristics are improved by increasing the primary fuel flow rate and decreasing the pilot fuel flow rate. Meanwhile, fuel spray fields generated by the pilot atomizer are better at the throat than that at the pilot swirler outlet.

Practical implications

The present results are useful for further development of the LPP combustor.

Originality/value

An LPP combustor with staged lean combustion technology was proposed; to obtain fuel spray characteristics, image-processing program was compiled; the fuel spray characteristics in the LPP combustor were investigated, especially the effects of the fuel allocation and pilot atomizer position.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology: An International Journal, vol. 88 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 5 April 2021

Jeyakumar Suppandipillai, Jayaraman Kandasamy, R. Sivakumar, Mehmet Karaca and Karthik K.

This paper aims to study the influences of hydrogen jet pressure on flow features of a strut-based injector in a scramjet combustor under-reacting cases are numerically…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the influences of hydrogen jet pressure on flow features of a strut-based injector in a scramjet combustor under-reacting cases are numerically investigated in this study.

Design/methodology/approach

The numerical analysis is carried out using Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) equations with the Shear Stress Transport k-ω turbulence model in contention to comprehend the flow physics during scramjet combustion. The three major parameters such as the shock wave pattern, wall pressures and static temperature across the combustor are validated with the reported experiments. The results comply with the range, indicating the adopted simulation method can be extended for other investigations as well. The supersonic flow characteristics are determined based on the flow properties, combustion efficiency and total pressure loss.

Findings

The results revealed that the augmentation of hydrogen jet pressure via variation in flame features increases the static pressure in the vicinity of the strut and destabilize the normal shock wave position. Indeed, the pressure of the mainstream flow drives the shock wave toward the upstream direction. The study perceived that once the hydrogen jet pressure is reached 4 bar, the incoming flow attains a subsonic state due to the movement of normal shock wave ahead of the strut. It is noticed that the increase in hydrogen jet pressure in the supersonic flow field improves the jet penetration rate in the lateral direction of the flow and also increases the total pressure loss as compared with the baseline injection pressure condition.

Practical implications

The outcome of this research provides the influence of fuel injection pressure variations in the supersonic combustion phenomenon of hypersonic vehicles.

Originality/value

This paper substantiates the effect of increasing hydrogen jet pressure in the reacting supersonic airstream on the performance of a scramjet combustor.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 11 March 2020

Hamidreza Khodayari, Fathollah Ommi and Zoheir Saboohi

The purpose of this paper is to review the applications of the chemical reactor network (CRN) approach for modeling the combustion in gas turbine combustors and classify…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to review the applications of the chemical reactor network (CRN) approach for modeling the combustion in gas turbine combustors and classify the CRN construction methods that have been frequently used by researchers.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper initiates with introducing the CRN approach as a practical tool for precisely predicting the species concentrations in the combustion process with lower computational costs. The structure of the CRN and its elements as the ideal reactors are reviewed in recent studies. Flow field modeling has been identified as the most important input for constructing the CRNs; thus, the flow field modeling methods have been extensively reviewed in previous studies. Network approach, component modeling approach and computational fluid dynamics (CFD), as the main flow field modeling methods, are investigated with a focus on the CRN applications. Then, the CRN construction approaches are reviewed and categorized based on extracting the flow field required data. Finally, the most used kinetics and CRN solvers are reviewed and reported in this paper.

Findings

It is concluded that the CRN approach can be a useful tool in the entire process of combustion chamber design. One-dimensional and quasi-dimensional methods of flow field modeling are used in the construction of the simple CRNs without detailed geometry data. This approach requires fewer requirements and is used in the initial combustor designing process. In recent years, using the CFD approach in the construction of CRNs has been increased. The flow field results of the CFD codes processed to create the homogeneous regions based on construction criteria. Over the past years, several practical algorithms have been proposed to automatically extract reactor networks from CFD results. These algorithms have been developed to identify homogeneous regions with a high resolution based on the splitting criteria.

Originality/value

This paper reviews the various flow modeling methods used in the construction of the CRNs, along with an overview of the studies carried out in this field. Also, the usual approaches for creating a CRN and the most significant achievements in this field are addressed in detail.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 92 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

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Article
Publication date: 29 June 2010

S.J. Mabbutt and N.J. Simms

The use of CO2 as a replacement for conventional air in combustion gas streams of gas turbine power‐generation equipment is a novel idea and a potential method of…

Abstract

Purpose

The use of CO2 as a replacement for conventional air in combustion gas streams of gas turbine power‐generation equipment is a novel idea and a potential method of providing an almost pure CO2 stream for subsequent disposal/sequestration. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of this novel gas environment on conventional gas turbine component part materials over the same range of temperatures found in service.

Design/methodology/approach

Test samples of candidate materials were tested in simulated environments using controlled gas and steam supplies to sealed horizontal laboratory furnaces. Conventional weight change tests, metal loss tests and electron microscope examination were used to assess the performance of the materials and compare the oxidation morphology. Spectra of the oxidation products were also used to determine the nature of the oxides formed on selected materials.

Findings

It is found that changes in the percentage of steam in the novel gas environment made little difference to the performance of the selected alloys. However, when the results of the program are compared with typical data from previous works, where the same alloys are exposed in air, there is a distinct trend. Comparison between the data from air exposed samples and data from those in this paper show the high CO2 environment, envisaged for the GAS‐ZEP concept, to be more aggressive to all of the alloys tested.

Originality/value

This paper describes the first investigation into the performance of candidate materials for the various components around a GAS‐ZEP system in the novel operating environments anticipated. The work has shown that current power plant materials can be considered for use in first generation GAS‐ZEP systems, but that care is required in their selection at the higher operating temperatures.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 57 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 13 February 2017

Mehmet Ozkaymak, Mehmet Ali Ceylan, Hasancan Okutan, Hüsnü Atakul, Engin Berrin, Tuba Coşkun and Özgür Inanç

In Turkey, dependence on foreign countries for energy is a problem which upsets all economic balances. Turkey’s biggest fossil energy source is lignite coal. Therefore…

Abstract

Purpose

In Turkey, dependence on foreign countries for energy is a problem which upsets all economic balances. Turkey’s biggest fossil energy source is lignite coal. Therefore, energy conversion of lignite in thermal plants, causing minimum environmental effect is extremely important. The basic problem in terms of the combustion technology is to improve the combustion technology that can burn the low-qualified fuels that do not have standard fuel features (lignite, peat, schist). The most suitable technology today for the efficient and clean combustion of nonstandard low-qualified fuels is the combustion at fluidized-bed technology. In this study, CO2 emission that occurs during the combustion of Orhaneli coal that is one of our native low-qualified lignite, has been investigated according to the experimental study.

Design/methodology/approach

For this combustion experiment, laboratory-scaled circulating fluidized-bed (CFB) process that exists at TÜBITAK-MAM Energy Institute which has been designed and used before has been used. The effect of excess-air coefficient, combustion type and bed temperature to the greenhouse gas formation and CO2 emission has been investigated experimentally. In terms of flue gas emissions, it has been detected that the decrease of the amount of CO2 that has occurred has no positive effects on combustion efficiency, water vapor, SO2, NOx, CO and other gases which occur during deficient combustion must be thought as a whole and each reaction affects each other similar to complex reactions.

Findings

As a consequence of measuring CO2 emissions over 10 minute periods, CO2 emissions are 12.43 percent average, CO2 decreases at different air coefficient values; Often form undesirable side reactions such as CO, NOx with back and forth reactions.

Originality/value

The importance of aerodynamic structure of the system, and the losses and leakages forming in the system has been observed experimental and affected parameters are evaluated.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 30 December 2020

P. Gunasekar, S. Manigandan and Praveen Kumar T.R.

The rise in demand and high utilization of fuel causes severe environmental threat for the nations on the globe. Rapid burning potential of hydrogen produces enormous…

Abstract

Purpose

The rise in demand and high utilization of fuel causes severe environmental threat for the nations on the globe. Rapid burning potential of hydrogen produces enormous amount of thrust, and it is mainly owing to wide flame range and less onset of ignition.

Design/methodology/approach

The significant contribution of hydrogen as fuel has been explored by several researchers around the globe recently to use in aviation sector owing to its eco-friendly nature. Hydrogen is a safe and clean fuel, and it can be generated from several sources. The effects of addition on hydrogen on gas turbine on combustion characteristics and emission concentration level on atmosphere have been reviewed in this paper.

Findings

Incorporation of hydrogen is effective reducing nitrous oxide emission, high calorific value and flame less combustion. Addition of hydrogen to higher proportions enhances the combustion performance, minimizing the setbacks of conventional fuel and meets the specified standards on emission.

Originality/value

From the literature review, the comparative study on hydrogen with other fuel is explained. This paper concludes that addition of hydrogen in fuel enhances the performance of combustion on gas turbine engine along with significant reduction in emission levels.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 93 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 14 September 2010

Abstract

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 39 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Content available
Article
Publication date: 9 November 2010

Abstract

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 39 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Content available
Article
Publication date: 21 March 2008

Abstract

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 80 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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