Search results1 – 2 of 2
A fast-changing environment entails several reflections about skills and attitudes required to face the increasing complexity brought by the “glocal, liquid and networked”…
A fast-changing environment entails several reflections about skills and attitudes required to face the increasing complexity brought by the “glocal, liquid and networked” world in which workers operate (Bauman, 2003; Clarke, 2017). In the literature, an increased attention has been devoted to the impact of interpersonal skills and personal characteristics on employability (Heckman and Kautz, 2012; Succi, 2019; Wheeler, 2016). In this context, the so-called soft skills become of crucial importance, but a lack of academic attention devoted to their development, and a deficit of companies in integrating soft skills in their selection, induction and training processes have been identified (Hurrell, 2016). The paper aims to discuss these issues.
An exploratory study has been designed to describe the tools in use to assess soft skills, during the recruitment process and those to develop soft skills of graduates, during their first years on the job. In January 2017, two symmetrical online questionnaires have been sent to 500 HR managers and 240 graduates of a European business school, in Italy and Germany.
Results show that graduates and managers describe differently the use of tools to develop graduates’ soft skills. The large majority of HR managers indicate they offer formal training to young graduates and that they are involved in the performance appraisal sessions, while only 22 percent of students confirm they receive formal training and only 26 percent declare to be inserted in a performance appraisal process. Moreover, concerning the assessment of soft skills during the selection process, significant differences between Italian and German companies emerged.
This research constitutes the first step to acknowledge the lack of initiatives devoted to soft skills development, despite their rising importance for the job market.
Findings allow initiating a discussion about a strategic topic in human resources management: whose responsibility is it to develop soft skills? Should graduates, higher education or companies fill the gap? The study can be extended to other types of higher education institutions, and a qualitative research could deepen the understanding of root causes of the differences identified.
The impact on youth employment, reduction of labor skills mismatch and improvement of managerial practices could be interesting social implications of the study.
While previous research has predominantly focused on higher education executives and HR managers, this paper’s contribution consists in involving young graduates in the reflection on employability.
The purpose of this paper is to prove the validity of the front‐tracking variant of the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) to simulate free surface hydraulic flows (i.e. dam…
The purpose of this paper is to prove the validity of the front‐tracking variant of the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) to simulate free surface hydraulic flows (i.e. dam break flows).
In this paper, an algorithm for free surface simulations with the LBM method is presented. The method is chosen for its computational efficiency and ability to deal with complex geometries. The LBM is combined to a surface‐tracking technique applied to a fixed Eulerian mesh in order to simulate free surface flows.
The numerical method is then validated against two typical cases of environmental‐hydraulic interest (i.e. dam break) by comparing LBM results with experimental data available in literature. The results show that the model is able to reproduce the observed water levels and the wave fronts with reasonable accuracy in the whole period of the transient simulations, thus highlighting that the present method may be a promising tool for practical dam break analyses.
Even if the main philosophy of the proposed method is equal to the volume of fluid technique usually coupled to Navier‐Stokes models, no additional differential equation is needed to determine the relative volume fraction of the two phases, or phase fraction, in each computational cell, as the free‐surface tracking is automatically performed. This results in a method very simple to be coded with high computational efficiency. The results presented in this paper are the first, to the best of the authors' knowledge, in the field of hydraulic engineering.