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Abstract

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Integrated Land-Use and Transportation Models
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-080-44669-1

Book part
Publication date: 30 December 2013

C. Michael Hall

Depending on the research approach one uses, the development of particular bodies of knowledge over time is the result of a combination of agency, chance, opportunity, patronage…

Abstract

Depending on the research approach one uses, the development of particular bodies of knowledge over time is the result of a combination of agency, chance, opportunity, patronage, power, or structure. This particular account of the development of geographies of tourism stresses its place as understood within the context of different approaches, different research behaviors and foci, and its location within the wider research community and society. The chapter charts the development of different epistemological, methodological, and theoretical traditions over time, their rise and fall, and, in some cases, rediscovery. The chapter concludes that the marketization of academic production will have an increasingly important influence on the nature and direction of tourism geographies.

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Geographies of Tourism
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-212-7

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 May 2015

Pauline Nicholas, Jerdaine Sterling, Rochelle Davis, Jessica C Lewis, Faith Mckoy-Johnson, Karlene Nelson, Yolanda Tugwell and Karen Tyrell

The purpose of this paper is to assess the recent outreach service efforts of the University of the West Indies (UWI) Main Library in the form of a Hall of Residence Librarian…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess the recent outreach service efforts of the University of the West Indies (UWI) Main Library in the form of a Hall of Residence Librarian Programme. The aim of the programme was to minimize library anxiety through partnership with the Office of Students Services.

Design/methodology/approach

The transition from the secondary to the tertiary level is not always the smoothest for some students. On the islands of the English-speaking Caribbean, such as Jamaica, it can be especially difficult as some matriculants have never used an automated library. These students often experience great difficulty in effectively using the library which may result in them shying away from doing so and thus negatively impact the quality of their work. The UWI, the UWI Main Library, Mona campus, Jamaica has sought to address this challenge through the development of an outreach project to the first-year students entitled the Halls of Residence Librarian (HRL) programme.

Findings

This new form of library outreach on The UWI Mona campus has yielded the offering of library services in new locations, strategic partnerships, increased interactions with the first-year students and a greater awareness of these students ' needs. Most importantly, it was very effective in reducing library anxiety among the first-year students.

Research limitations/implications

The “low” turnout to Research Rescue was largely attributed to the fact that this programme was entirely optional for the students, and it was not affiliated with any compulsory course or class. There was also the issue of a lack of incentives to boost student attendance at these sessions.

Originality/value

This initiative is untested in the English-speaking Caribbean. The paper explores the outreach efforts of the library at the Mona campus of The UWI and seeks to add to the limited body of literature on Academic Library Outreach in the Caribbean.

Book part
Publication date: 4 April 2017

Ricarda Hammer

Examining the work of Frantz Fanon and Stuart Hall, this article argues that their biographic practices and experiences as colonial subjects allowed them to break with imperial…

Abstract

Examining the work of Frantz Fanon and Stuart Hall, this article argues that their biographic practices and experiences as colonial subjects allowed them to break with imperial representations and to provide new, anticolonial imaginaries. It demonstrates how the experience of the racialized and diasporic subject, respectively, creates a kind of subjectivity that makes visible the work of colonial cultural narratives on the formation of the self. The article first traces Fanon’s and Hall’s transboundary encounters with metropolitan Europe and then shows how these biographic experiences translate into their theories of practice and history. Living through distinct historical moments and colonial ideologies, Fanon and Hall produced theories of historical change, which rest on epistemic ruptures and conjunctural changes in meaning formations. Drawing on their biographic subjectivities, both intellectuals theorize cultural and colonial forms of oppression and seek to produce new knowledge that is based on practice and experience.

Details

International Origins of Social and Political Theory
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-267-1

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 30 January 2007

Gary Pepka

This paper is designed to encourage electronic device designers to take a new look at a recent technology, Hall‐effect sensing, that has seen exceptional growth in certain areas…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper is designed to encourage electronic device designers to take a new look at a recent technology, Hall‐effect sensing, that has seen exceptional growth in certain areas, but could find much wider application and acceptance due to new supporting technologies.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper introduces Hall‐effect technology, and then explores how it has been applied, in particular, differentiating between the primary types of Hall sensors, and the highly differentiated range of sensing behaviors they can provide. In addition, it explores some of the enabling technologies, such as advances in signal processing, that have made this technology so much more robust than in its earliest days. This allows the application of the extreme high‐reliability benefit of contactless Hall sensing to a broader range of applications than ever before.

Findings

In addition to the advances that have made Hall‐effect sensing more practical, there are additional contributions to the designs of complete solutions. These advances include power and space reduction, as well as integration of diagnostic and protection functions that allow Hall sensor ICs to provide the advanced data‐driven features that are becoming more in demand in miniaturized portable consumer electronics, automobiles, and other growing industries.

Research limitations/implications

The research is intended as a general introduction to an emerging, yet complex technology. It is limited to standard configurations, and simplified explanations of magnetic effects.

Originality/value

This paper can be of great value to application designers who specialize in either the mechanical or electrical engineering disciplines, and who would like a cross‐disciplinary introduction to this technology, which requires a foundation in both areas simultaneously. In addition, the somewhat mysterious realm of electromagnetics is presented in a practical way, allowing the reader to gain enough confidence to begin experimenting with this innovative technology.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 27 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 August 2021

Wenchao Shi, Joseph H.K. Lai, C.K. Chau, Philip Wong and David Edwards

The purpose of this study is to identify key performance indicators (KPIs) for badminton halls and, through a case study, illustrate how the facilities performance of a university…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to identify key performance indicators (KPIs) for badminton halls and, through a case study, illustrate how the facilities performance of a university badminton hall can be evaluated from the user perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

After a desktop literature review, the findings were discussed by a focus group, and the discussion result formed the basis for establishing an analytic hierarchy of facilities performance for the badminton hall. Then, interviews were made with 169 badminton hall users to solicit their perceived facilities’ importance and performance levels of the hall. Using MATLAB, a computer program incorporated with an Analytic Hierarchy Process was devised to compute the importance weights of the performance attributes under assessment. The outcomes were interpreted using an importance-performance evaluation matrix.

Findings

A facilities performance hierarchy, comprising nine KPIs, was established for the badminton hall. The factors influencing the users’ perceptions, the importance and performance levels of the KPIs and the areas of the hall requiring improvements were identified.

Research limitations/implications

Future studies can take a similar approach of this study to develop KPIs and facilities performance hierarchies for other types of sports venues.

Practical implications

The method used to identify the improvements required for the badminton hall can be applied to investigations on other sports facilities.

Originality/value

The methodology of this research was first applied to study a badminton hall – as reported in this paper.

Details

Facilities , vol. 39 no. 13/14
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-2772

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 August 2014

Fatemeh Khozaei, Ahmad Sanusi Hassan, Kheir Al Kodmany and Yasser Aarab

The aim of this paper is to identify the university student’s preferences for some important attributes of residence hall design. The study also attempts to highlight the…

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Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to identify the university student’s preferences for some important attributes of residence hall design. The study also attempts to highlight the differences and similarities in student’s preferences.

Design/methodology/approach

The survey was distributed among students who were living in residence halls of a public university in Malaysia. A total of 752 students were recruited as participants. Data were collected using a self-administrated questionnaire. Students were asked to indicate their preferences rating a 4-point scale. The survey included questions concerning students’ preferences for residing in traditional and suite-style residence halls, single room and double room as well as rooms in which each student’s area is marked clearly. Collected data were analysed using PASW Statistics 17.

Findings

The results indicated that, in total, students highly preferred residing in suite-style to traditional residence halls. Staying in a single room with shared bathroom was also preferred to double-sharing room. The results of study also indicated that living in a room in which each student ' s area is marked clearly is of great interest. The study proved significant differences in the students’ preferences based on their gender, nationality and study level.

Practical implications

The outcome of this study can enhance the awareness of residence hall organizers and architects with regard to some of students’ priorities.

Originality/value

The results give an important insight into student’s preferences towards their residence hall. The study provides statistic evidence unfavourably of traditional residence halls among the students of new generation. It also provides an insight into students ' greater needs and requirements for privacy.

Details

Facilities, vol. 32 no. 11/12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-2772

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 2013

Reyes Gonzalez, Juan Llopis and Jose Gasco

This study seeks to analyse the links between strategies, structures and processes in the case of the largest Spanish town halls, using the Miles and Snow's models about…

Abstract

Purpose

This study seeks to analyse the links between strategies, structures and processes in the case of the largest Spanish town halls, using the Miles and Snow's models about organisational strategies, and asking the following questions: “What is the situation of municipal services' outsourcing in the largest Spanish town halls?”; “Do Spanish town halls follow the strategies suggested in Miles and Snow's model?”; and “Is there a relationship between the strategic position adopted by town halls and their stance on outsourcing?”.

Design/methodology/approach

In order to achieve these aims a questionnaire was administered to the human resource managers in the town halls of the largest Spanish cities.

Findings

The paper finds that outsourcing is a complement, which seeks to improve the services delivered, and local institutions do not resort to it due to a lack of internal resources but as a way to complement their own capabilities.

Originality/value

The paper has identified three distinct strategic profiles in the town halls interviewed which coincide with the profiles that Miles and Snow call prospective, defensive and reactive strategies. It reveals that town halls which outsource to a greater extent are the ones which identify more with the prospective or reactive strategy, whereas those which outsource less are closer to the defensive strategy.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 51 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 20 March 2007

Peter Jones, David Hillier and Daphne Comfort

This paper offers two short case studies with the aim of showing how two local authorities are tackling the problems of the decline of market halls and covered markets within UK…

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper offers two short case studies with the aim of showing how two local authorities are tackling the problems of the decline of market halls and covered markets within UK towns and cities.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper begins with an outline of the origin of market halls and covered markets and a review of the reasons for their recent decline. These two sections provide the contextual framework for the case studies of the Grainger Market in Newcastle and the Market Hall in Chester. The paper draws its empirical material from planning documents posted on the world wide web by the two respective local authorities and by visits to both markets.

Findings

The Grainger Market has been facing a number of problems relating to environmental quality, the failure to modernise the retail offer and poor relationships between the market traders and the local authority. A phased refurbishment programme and the introduction of a more active management style are bringing a greater sense of vitality to the market. Chester City Council have made application to close the market hall as part of a wider central urban redevelopment plan and here the focus is to the construction of a spacious new market in a high profile location. While the two case studies offer illustrative examples of attempts to revive market halls and covered markets it remains to be seen to what extent their refurbishment and redevelopment can play a key role in enhancing the viability and vitality of town and city centres.

Originality/value

The paper provides an accessible case study review of the ways in which local authorities in the UK are looking to address the decline of the market halls and covered markets that were once a dominant feature of the urban retail structure in many towns and cities.

Details

International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, vol. 35 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-0552

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 April 2022

Sankalp Paliwal, Sujan Yenuganti and Manjunath Manuvinakurake

This paper aims to present the fabrication and testing of a pressure sensor integrated with Hall effect sensors and permanent magnets arranged in two configurations to measure…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present the fabrication and testing of a pressure sensor integrated with Hall effect sensors and permanent magnets arranged in two configurations to measure pressure in the range of 0–1 bar. The sensor is fabricated using stainless steel (SS) and can be used in high-temperature and highly corrosive environments. The fabricated sensor is of low cost, self-packaged and the differential arrangement helps in compensating for any ambient temperature variations.

Design/methodology/approach

The sensor deflects of a circular diaphragm with a simple rigid mechanical structure to convert the applied pressure to a Hall voltage output. Two sensor designs are proposed with a single pair of Hall sensors and magnets and a differential configuration with two Hall sensors and magnets. Two sensor designs are designed, fabricated and tested for their input–output characteristics and the results are compared.

Findings

The fabricated sensors are calibrated for 25 cycles of ascending and descending pressure in steps of 0.1 bar. Various static characteristics like nonlinearity, hysteresis and % error are estimated for both the sensor designs and compared with the existing Hall effect based pressure sensors. The differential arrangement design was found to have better characteristics as compared to the other design from the experimental data.

Originality/value

This paper focuses on fabricating and testing a novel differential Hall effect based pressure sensor. The differential arrangement of the sensor aids in the compensation of ambient temperature variations and the use of SS enables the sensor in high-temperature and highly corrosive applications. The proposed sensor is low cost, simple and self-packaged, and found to have high repeatability and good linearity compared to other similar Hall effect based pressure sensors available in the literature.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 42 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

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