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Friction spot lap joining of the anodized aluminium alloy 6061 with high-density polyethylene sheets

Ghadanfer Hussein Ali (Middle Technical University, Engineering Technical College, Baghdad, Iraq)
Sabah Khammass Hussein (Middle Technical University, Engineering Technical College, Baghdad, Iraq)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 20 August 2019

Issue publication date: 20 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to join an anodized aluminium alloy AA6061 sheet with high-density polyethylene (HDPE) using friction spot process.

Design/methodology/approach

The surface of AA6061 sheet was anodized to increase the pores’ size. A lap joint configuration was used to join the AA6061 with HDPE sheets by the friction spot process. The joining process was carried out using a rotating tool of different diameters: 14, 16 and 18 mm. Three tool-plunging depths were used – 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 mm – with three values of the processing time – 20, 30 and 40 s. The joining process parameters were designed according to the Taguchi approach. Two sets of samples were joined: the as-received AA6061/HDPE and the anodized AA6061/HDPE.

Findings

Frictional heat melted the HDPE layers near the lap joint line and penetrated it through the surface pores of the AA6061 sheet via the applied pressure of the tool. The tool diameter exhibited higher effect on the joint strength than processing time and the tool-plunging depth. Specimens of highest and lowest tensile force were failed by necking the polymer side and shearing the polymer layers at the lap joint, respectively. Molten HDPE was mechanically interlocked into the pores of the anodized surface of AA6061 with an interface line of 18-m width.

Originality/value

For the first time, HDPE was joined with the anodized AA6061 by the friction spot process. The joint strength reached an ideal efficiency of 100 per cent.

Keywords

Citation

Ali, G.H. and Hussein, S.K. (2019), "Friction spot lap joining of the anodized aluminium alloy 6061 with high-density polyethylene sheets", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 16 No. 4, pp. 539-549. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJE-12-2018-0415

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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