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The impacts of casino tourism development on Macao residents’ livelihood

Jose Wing Pong But (Institute for Tourism Studies, Colina de Mong-Ha, Macao, SAR)
John Ap (Institute for Tourism Studies, Colina de Mong-Ha, Macao, SAR)

Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes

ISSN: 1755-4217

Article publication date: 12 June 2017




The purpose of the study is to examine the livelihood impacts, any inequalities and poverty consequences in the special administration region of Macao, following the liberalization of the gaming industry and the subsequent development of casino resorts.


A descriptive research design was used, which adopted the case study method to conduct this research study. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to identify and gain better understanding of the impacts influencing residents’ livelihoods. Content analysis was used to analyze the data.


The findings identified and examined the major livelihood impacts affecting local residents, and the recommendations of local residents in addressing these impacts were provided.

Research limitations/implications

The research was conducted as a descriptive cross-sectional study. To fully understand holistically the recent casino development and monitor the likelihood outcomes, a longitudinal study could be undertaken. The unit of analysis for this study was individual residents. Not all stakeholders representing different groups and organizations in the community were included, such as local authorities and community groups.


The result of this paper can provide policy-makers, planners and non-government organizations with a better view of the consequences of casino tourism development. The study will extend our knowledge of casino tourism development and enhance decision-making regarding tourism development that can deliver “real” rather than perceived benefits for all in the community.



But, J.W.P. and Ap, J. (2017), "The impacts of casino tourism development on Macao residents’ livelihood", Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, Vol. 9 No. 3, pp. 260-273.



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Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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