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Workplace spirituality, self-compassion and mindfulness as antecedents of employee mental wellbeing

Jnaneswar K (CET School of Management, College of Engineering Trivandrum, Thiruvananthapuram, India)
M.M. Sulphey (College of Business Administration, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia)

South Asian Journal of Business Studies

ISSN: 2398-628X

Article publication date: 23 August 2021

Issue publication date: 9 May 2023




Mental wellbeing brings in multiple benefits to employees and their organizations like better decision-making capacity, greater productivity, resilience and so on. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship of a few antecedents of mental wellbeing like workplace spirituality, mindfulness and self-compassion, using structural equation modeling (SEM).


Using the convenience sampling method, data were collected from 333 employees of various organizations in India and SEM was performed using the R Program to test the hypotheses.


Results suggest that mindfulness and self-compassion influenced the mental wellbeing of employees. It was also observed that workplace spirituality has a significant influence on both mindfulness and self-compassion.


An in-depth review of the literature revealed that no previous studies had examined the complex relationship between workplace spirituality, mindfulness, self-compassion and the mental wellbeing of employees. This research suggests that workplace spirituality, mindfulness and self-compassion are important factors that influence employees' mental wellbeing, and it empirically tests this in a developing country context. The present study enriches the literature studies on mental wellbeing, mindfulness, self-compassion and workplace spirituality by integrating “mindfulness to meaning theory”, “socio-emotional selectivity theory”, and “broaden and build theory”.



Authors acknowledge their gratitude to the Editor, Associate Editor and the anonymous reviewers for their suggestions to enrich the paper.


K, J. and Sulphey, M.M. (2023), "Workplace spirituality, self-compassion and mindfulness as antecedents of employee mental wellbeing", South Asian Journal of Business Studies, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 269-292.



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