Index

Class History and Class Practices in the Periphery of Capitalism

ISBN: 978-1-78973-592-5, eISBN: 978-1-78973-591-8

ISSN: 0161-7230

Publication date: 3 September 2019

This content is currently only available as a PDF

Citation

(2019), "Index", Class History and Class Practices in the Periphery of Capitalism (Research in Political Economy, Vol. 34), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 225-236. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0161-723020190000034014

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019 Emerald Publishing Limited


INDEX

African Development Bank
, 90, 102

African Economic Outlook (AEO)
, 102

Africa, neoliberal authoritarianism
, 91

“African middle class”
, 90

African National Congress
, 185–186

Agence France Press
, 102

Aggregate neozapatismo
, 184

Agricultural subsidiary occupations
, 8

Agriculture representatives
, 11

ALBA (Bolivarian Alliance for Our America)

common curriculum
, 69

education
, 69

institutional setting
, 65–70

normative framework
, 63–65

post-hegemonic regionalism, experience of
, 63

social justice
, 69–70

Al-Bashir
, 112

Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América (ALBA)
, 62

All-China Federation of Youth
, 75

Al-Qaida
, 104

Al-Shabaab
, 104

American Civil War
, 205

American crisis
, 216

Americanism
, 144–145

AMSA
, 68–69

Analysis of Situations
, 145–146

Antiauthoritarian protest
, 100–103

Anticapitalism
, 183

Anticapitalistic and antisystemic movements
, 168, 176–177, 178

Anti-communist campaigns
, 161

Anti-democratic regimes
, 71

Anti-imperialism
, 68–69, 127

Anti-imperialist discourse, ALBA
, 64–65

Anti-neoliberalism
, 68–69, 100–103

Anti-patriarchalism
, 68–69

Anti-Peronist alliance
, 127

Anti-socialist laws
, 204, 224

Antisystemical movements
, 182–186

Arab Spring
, 95, 101, 173–174

Argentinean piqueteros
, 168

Argentine capitalism
, 137, 138–139

“Argentine Dialogue Table”
, 134

Argentine industrial bourgeoisie
, 120

Armed Conflict Location and Event Data (ACLED)
, 105, 106, 114

“Armed Organized Violence”
, 105

Army of the Kurdish People
, 171

“Asian Values”
, 76–77, 79–80

Attraction movement, reinforcement of
, 120

Austerity
, 93–94

Authoritarianism
, 90, 101, 103–108

“noneconomic ends” of
, 113

resurgence
, 91

Authoritarian regimes, SCO
, 71

Autonomous cultural and communications networks free
, 64

Banco Comercial Português (BCP)
, 49

Banco Espírito Santo (BES)
, 49

Banco Pinto & Sotto Mayor
, 41–42

Banco Português de Investimentos (BPI)
, 49

Banco Totta & Açores (BTA)
, 49

Bank-centered networks
, 51–53

Bank for Development and Foreign Economic Affairs of the Russian Federation
, 74–75

Banking sector
, 48–50

Barricade fight
, 131

Bernstein und das sozialdemokratische Programm
, 220

Big Data
, 114

Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) Commission
, 99–100

Black Sea to Tobolsk in Siberia
, 19

Boko Haram
, 104

Bolivarian Alliance for Our America (ALBA)

common curriculum
, 69

education
, 69

institutional setting
, 65–70

normative framework
, 63–65

post-hegemonic regionalism, experience of
, 63

social justice
, 69–70

Bolívar, Simón
, 63

Borges Group
, 42

“Bourgeois-democratic revolution”
, 155

Bourgeoisie
, 44, 155

culture
, 168

harmony sentimentalities
, 222

ideology
, 168

intelligentsia
, 199–200

liberalism
, 91

Brenthurst Foundation
, 102

BRICS Summit
, 78

Britain’s fifth dominion
, 120, 121

British capital
, 156

British colonialism
, 185–186

Buenos Aires
, 119, 121, 133

Business Council
, 74–75

Business crisis
, 201

“Caesarism”
, 145–146

Caixa Geral de Depósitos (CGD)
, 49

Capital

accumulation
, 10

accumulation and concentration of
, 34, 35, 36

dual nature
, 36

in economics literature
, 33–34

fixed assets stock and
, 36

historical process of accumulation and concentration of
, 37–40

intensive techniques
, 151

as money
, 36–37

nature of
, 35–37

Portuguese capitalist class
, 40–53

as “sabotage”
, 37

Capital as Power (2009)
, 36, 146, 147

Capitalism
, xiii, 18, 119, 193–194, 213, 217, 221–222

in Argentina
, 122

in breadth
, 120

in depth
, 120

in Russia

The Development of Capitalism in Russia
, 24–28

Engels and Plekhanov
, 15–18

famine of 1891-1892
, 19–20

The Fate of Capitalism in Russia
, 12–15

Marx and Danielson, collaboration
, 5–12

Marx’ purpose in studying Russia
, 4–5

Studies in Our Post-reform Economy
, 20–24

Capitalist

accumulation
, 34

crisis
, 90–91

economy
, 209, 213

ideology
, 174

international relations
, 61–62

personal consumption
, 203

production
, 220

representative democracy
, 177

reproduction process
, 206–207, 210

Capitalist development in Argentina

organic movement
, 118–125

accumulation, impoverishment and proletarianization
, 121–123

after crisis
, 123–125

attraction movement, reinforcement of
, 120

development
, 118–119

repulsion movement
, 120–121

working class
, 125–138

general strikes
, 131

general strikes and roadblocks
, 136–138

political system reconstruction
, 134–136

spontaneous insurrection
, 132–134

struggle against capitalist repulsion
, 129–130

unemployed and poor, organization of
, 132

workers’ movement, genesis
, 125–126

workers’ organization development
, 126–129

Capitalistic superstructure
, 6

“Capitalized presumptive capacity”
, 36–37

Capital market

liberalization
, 51–52

operations
, 37–38

Carnation Revolution
, 34, 35

Central de Trabajadores de la Argentina (CTA)
, 130

Champalimaud Group
, 41–42

Chiapas
, 171

Chiapas rebel movement
, 176

Chilean Mapuche movement
, 168

Chinese-language courses
, 75

Christian fundamentalism
, 104

Cientificos
, 152

Cilliers, Jakkie
, 96–97

Cimpor
, 51

Citizenship
, 126–127

“Citizens’ Revolution”
, 64–65

Civilization
, 182

Civil-military alliance
, 70

Civil society, neozapatismo
, 184

Class antagonisms
, 221

Class polarization
, 65

Class struggle
, 117, 125–126

Clinton, Bill
, 101

Closed economy
, 120

Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)
, 78–79

Colonial markets and financial activities
, 34–35

The Commercial Crisis and the Trade Unions
, 204

Committee for Sovereignty and Defence
, 63

Committee for the Defence of Nature
, 63

Committee of Women and Equal Opportunities
, 63

Commodity price

change in selected
, 92

crash
, 92–93

Communal agriculture
, 22

Communal Landownership (1879)
, 18

Communist Manifesto
, 18

“Community of common destiny”
, 77

CompArte por la Humanidad
, 167, 169

CONAIE in Ecuador
, 178

Condition of the Working Class in Russia
, 27

Confederación de Trabajadores Mexicanos (CMT)
, 159

Confederación General del Trabajo (CGT)
, 127, 130, 135, 139–140

Confederación Nacional Campesina (CNC)
, 159

Conservative counter-revolution
, 155–156

“Constellation of interests”
, 52

Constitutional Democratic Party
, 194

Consumers, overproduction
, 200

Consumption capacity
, 200

“Cooperation in labor-employer relations”
, 114

Cooperative advantage, ALBA
, 63–64

Cordobazo
, 127–128

Corporate “state capture” of politicians
, 98

“Costs of the economic crisis”
, 133–134

Council of National Coordinators
, 71–72

Council of Social Movements
, 67–68

Counter-cyclical economic policies
, 160–161

Couronnement de l’oeuvre
, 6

Crash, Crisis and Working Class
, 204

Crimean War
, 14

Crises

character
, 213–223

Tugan-Baranovsky’s theory of crises
, 205–212

underconsumption and
, 199–204

Critical Notes on the Economic Development of Russia
, 24

CUF Group
, 41–42

Cultural discipline
, 38

Cultural grannacionales
, 79–80

Culturally-grounded neopatrimonialism
, 99

Cultural-neopatrimonial tradition
, 100

Cyber warfare capabilities
, 78–79

Danielson, Nikolai
, 4–12

Das Kapital
, 4–5, 15, 16, 23

Davos World Economic Forum
, 112

“Debt distress”
, 93

Debt-fueled mega-infrastructure projects
, 92–93

Debt repayment stress
, 93

Decommodification
, 177

Defense and military cooperation, post-hegemonic regionalism
, 80–81

Degree of autonomy
, 150–151

Democracy

direct or assembly-type
, 179

neozapatista movement
, 178–179

participative
, 179

Democratic regression
, 96–97

Dependency
, 144–145

and revolutions
, 146–151

See also Mexico’s passive and bounded revolution

Depression
, 201, 219, 220, 223

Desinstrumentalization
, 177

Development Bank of Kazakhstan
, 74–75

The Development of Capitalism in Russia
, 4, 24, 27–28, 29

Development Strategy of the SCO until 2025 (SCO, 2015)
, 78

Dialectical antithesis
, 158

Die neue Zeit
, 19, 25

“The Dignified Rage”
, 172

“Direct democracy”
, 129–130

Domestic market
, 200

Dominant capitalist modernity
, 183

“Double movement” thesis
, 90

Economically-“reforming” (liberalizing) states
, 98

Economic and social territories
, 120

Economic authoritarianism
, 100

Economic catastrophe
, 214

“Economic contradiction”
, 155

Economic-corporate
, 149

Economic independence
, 9

Economic materialism
, 19–20

Economic nationalism
, 41

Economic oppression
, 103, 104–105

Economic policy
, 94–95, 160–161

The Economist
, 39

EDP (electricity)
, 51

EDP (privatized electricity company)
, 47

Ejército Libertador del Sur
, 157

Emancipation
, 68–69

“Empire building” strategies
, 39–40, 49–50

“Endless accumulation of capital”
, 147

Endogenous development, ALBA
, 64–65

Energy Club
, 74

Energy-related projects
, 65

Engels, Friedrich
, xiv, xiv, 15–18

Enlace Zapatista
, 186

Entrepreneurs
, 214

Escuelita neozapatista
, 169

Escuelita Zapatista
, 167

Espírito Santo Group
, 42, 48

Eurasian Economic Union
, 77, 78

“Eurasianist dream”
, 76

Eurasian regionalism
, 79–81

Eurasian security and Shanghai Cooperation Organization
, 70–79

European integration process
, 45

Expanded reproduction
, 206–207

Exploitation and industrial capital
, 202

Expropriation
, xiv

Extremism, root causes
, 104

Famine of 1891-1892
, 19–20

Fascism
, 91, 149–150

Fascist dictatorship
, 34, 40–44

Federación de Sindicados de Trabajadores al Servicio del Estado (FSTS)
, 159

Federación Obrera Regional Argentina (FORA)
, 125, 126

Financial and banking liberalization
, 48–50

Financial and capital markets
, 44–45

Financial bourgeoisie
, 120

Financial capital
, 139

Financialization
, 90–91

Financial oligarchy
, 136

Financial oligarchy’s project
, 120

First Intergalactic Encounter for Humanity and Against Neoliberalism
, 172, 175

Flexible labor
, 61

Forces of National Liberation
, 167

Fordism
, 144–145

Foreign capital
, 151

Fourth Summit of the Americas
, 134–135

Freedom
, 68–69, 179

Freedom House
, 105

Free-market economics
, 101

Free trade
, 61

Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA)
, 134–135

Galp (fuel)
, 51

Gandhi, Mahatma
, 185

General strikes
, 125, 127, 131, 134–135

and roadblocks
, 136–138

Geopolitical-economy
, 61–62, 76–77

perspective
, 67

phenomena
, 61–62

Global autonomy
, 179

Global Competitiveness Report
, 104–105

Global governance
, 60, 61

Globalization 4.0
, 112

Global solidarity
, 171–172

Good Neighbor
, 160–161

Gramscian vocabulary
, 158

Grannacionales
, 63–64, 67

Grannacionales-supported social missions
, 65–66, 67–68

Grassroots protests
, 104

Great Depression
, 160–161

“Group of Sonora”
, 154–155

Handicraft industry

collapse
, 21

Hegemonic governance
, 60

Hegemonic states
, 147

Hegemony
, 147

Heterodox political-economic practices
, 60–61

“Historical inevitability”
, 11–12

Historico-philosophical theory
, 24

Homogeneity
, 148–149

Hyperinflation period
, 122–123

Hyper unemployment crisis
, 124

Il populismo russo (1952)
, 28

“IMF Riots”
, 92

IMF Survey Magazine
, 94–95

Imperialism
, 118–119

Import substitution industrialization (ISI) process
, 120

Impoverishment and proletarianization
, 120, 129

Independence and Civil Wars
, 118–119

Independence and Mexican neozapatismo
, 180–181

Independent producers
, 15

Indian National Congress
, 185–186

Indigenous Bolivians or Ecuadorians
, 184

Indigenous rebellion and neozapatismo
, 182–186

Indigenous Zapatistas
, 181

“Indignados” movement
, 173–174

Industrial capitalism
, 119

Industrial crisis
, 201

Industrialization
, 13, 41

Industrial upswing
, 219

Institutional materialization
, 45

Instrumentalization of disorder
, 97

Insurgent Subcommander Marcos
, 170

Integral global autonomy
, 179

Interbank Consortium
, 74–75, 80

Interlocking directorates
, 52

Interlocking (US-based) liberal intellectual currents
, 97–98

“International” brotherhood
, 10

International Labor Organization
, xiii

International legitimacy
, 71

International Monetary Fund
, 61

International Workers Association
, 125

Internet and telecommunications monitoring system
, 78–79

Interrupted revolution
, 155

Intra-capitalista opposition
, 187

Intra-capitalistic
, 177

Islamic extremism
, 104

Islamic State
, 104

Italian Marxist
, 144–145

“Jas Otan”
, 75

Johannesburg capitalist class
, 98

Johannesburg − Pretoria capital-state axis
, 100

Joint-stock companies
, 6, 13–14

Jornadas Piqueteras
, 132

José de Mello Group
, 48

Justice, neozapatista
, 179

Kautsky, Karl
, xiii, 193

Kyrgyz Youth Community Council
, 75

Labor movement
, 135

Labor power
, 119

Late Marx and the Russian Road
, 28

Latin America indigenous movements
, 182–186

Latin American movements
, 168

Latin American post-hegemonic regionalism
, 79–80, 81

Latin American School of Medicine
, 64

Law 84/88
, 44–45

Law of Untitled Lands
, 157

“Legal Marxists”
, 194

Lei do Condicionamento Industrial
, 40–41

Lenin, V.I.
, 4, 24, 26, 28–29

The Development of Capitalism in Russia
, 24–28

Liberalization
, 48

Libertador General San Martín
, 139

“The Little Zapatista School”
, 172

Machine-building industry
, 14

Macroeconomic performance
, 34

Making Africa Work
, 100

Malvinas War (1982)
, 121, 129

Mandela, Nelson
, 92, 185

Marcha Federal (1994)
, 131

Marcha Grande por el Trabajo (2000)
, 131

Marcha Nacional por el Trabajo (1997)
, 131

Marginalism
, 194

Market-based reforms
, 95–96

Market capitalization
, 46

Marx/Engels Gesamtausgabe (MEGA)
, 28

Marxist theory of crises
, 216

Marx, Karl
, xiii–xiv, xiv, xiv, xiv, 4–5

Mass-based alienation
, 103

Mass collectivization
, 27

Mass demonstrations
, 96

Mechanicism and fatalism
, 148

Media and Mexican neozapatismo
, 181

Mexican Indians
, 180

Mexican miracle
, 161

Mexican National Indigenous Congress
, 167–168

Mexican neozapatismo movement

agenda of demands
, 173

and antisystemical movements
, 173–176, 182–186

Insurgent Subcommander Marcos
, 170

resurgences
, 169

universal impact and
, 169–173

universal sense
, 176–181

Mexican Revolution
, 144, 145–146

Mexican territory
, 172

Mexico’s passive and bounded revolution
, 155–159

dependency and revolutions
, 146–151

Porfirio Diaz’s Mexico and contending forces
, 151–155

United States and
, 159–161

Micro-entrepreneurialism
, 100

“Mother Earth”
, 177, 187

Motion of Argentine Society
, 138

Movimiento de Trabajadores Argentinos (MTA)
, 130

Movimiento de Trabajadores Desocupados (MTD)
, 137

Movimiento Piquetero (Piquetero Movement)
, 127, 132

Multidimensional poverty
, 104

Multipolarization
, 60, 61–62, 67

Mundial Confiança
, 47

Mutatis mutandis
, 155

Narodism
, 4, 23, 24

Narodniki
, 18, 28

National Bank for Foreign Economic Activity of the Republic of Uzbekistan
, 74–75

National bourgeoisie
, 99, 154–155

“National Days of Roadblocks”
, 132

National disunity
, 144

National independence
, 144, 145–146, 159–160

National Indigenous Congress
, 180

Nationalism
, 127

Nationalizations
, 44–45

National neoliberal policies
, 105–106

National political crisis
, 168

National sovereignty
, 76–77

National unification
, 144

“Natural capital”
, 90

Neokantianism
, 194

Neoliberal authoritarianism
, 91

Neoliberal-authoritarian politics
, 109–113

Neoliberal Berg Report strategy
, 92

Neoliberal capitalism
, 180

Neoliberal European integration
, 34

bank-centered networks
, 51–53

financial and banking liberalization
, 48–50

Portuguese capitalist class
, 44–48

Neoliberal export-led strategy
, 92–93

Neoliberal extractivism, limits of
, 91–96

Neoliberal governance principles
, 61

Neoliberal ideologies
, 91

Neoliberalism
, 64–65, 67–68, 90–91

and authoritarianism
, 90–91

consciousness of
, 96

Neopatrimonial diversion
, 96–97

Neopatrimonialism
, 97, 99, 100–101

Neozapatista experience
, 171

Net present value (NPV)
, 47–48

New extractivism
, 65

New nationalisms
, 91

New York Times
, 95, 101

“Niger Delta Avengers”
, 103

Non-capitalist relations
, 119

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs)
, 175, 176

Non-productive activities
, 52–53

North-American imperialism
, 160

Northern criticism
, 71

Northern-dominated structures
, 74–75

Northern non-governmental organizations
, 75

Notebooks
, 147

“Nur Otan”
, 75

Nyerere Resource Centre
, 91

Obama, Barack
, 96

“Occupy Wall Street”
, 173–174, 184

Oceanic intercourse
, 6

Oil-dependent economy
, 64–65

“One Belt, One Road”
, 77–78

On the Development of the Monist View of History
, 23

Open economy
, 120, 135

Order of the Tunisian Republic
, 94–95

Organic intellectuals
, 152

Organic movement
, 118–125

accumulation, impoverishment and proletarianization
, 121–123

after crisis
, 123–125

attraction movement, reinforcement of
, 120

development
, 118–119

repulsion movement
, 120–121

Original accumulation
, 122

“Original sin”
, 151

Otechestvennye zapiski
, 18, 19–20, 23

The Other Campaign
, 166, 167, 172

Our Differences (1884)
, 18, 24

“Our North is the South”
, 67

“Our post-reform economy”
, 7

Overproduction

commodity production
, 200

consumers
, 200

and crises
, 200

Pachnicke, Hermann
, 223

Paris Commune
, 174–175

Passive revolution
, 145–146, 159–160

See also Mexico’s passive and bounded revolution

Patrimonial reciprocity
, 97

Patronage-based crony capitalism
, 100–101

Pax Porfiriana
, 152–153

Peace
, 180

Pension reform
, 135–136

People’s Trade Agreements
, 63–64

Periodical crises
, 201–202

Peronist movement
, 127

Pickets
, 129–130

“Pink Tide” sentiment
, 96–97

Pinto de Magalhães Group
, 42

Piquetero Triunvirate
, 140

Plan of Ayala
, 156–157

Planos de Fomento
, 40–41

Plekhanov, Georgii
, 15–18

Polanyi-style “double movement” activism
, 105–106

Política de masas
, 155

Political contradiction
, 155

Political freedom, degeneration
, 105

Political immaturity
, 96–97

Political instability
, 95–96

Politically-motivated internet shutdown
, 114

Political stability
, 152–153

Political system in Mexico
, 167–168

Politicomilitary subordination
, 151

Populism
, 4, 28

Populist
, 28

Populist revolution
, 155

Portugal Telecom
, 47, 51

Portuguese bourgeoisie
, 45

Portuguese capitalist class

business structure
, 42

companies’ capitalization
, 43

economic conglomerates
, 42–43

economic “golden age”
, 43–44

government contribution to investment
, 41

industrialization
, 44

industrial sector development
, 40

Law of Industrial Conditioning
, 40–41

marriage and heritage
, 40

mixed conglomerates
, 43

national fixed investment
, 41

neoliberal European integration
, 44–53

Planos de Fomento
, 40–41

private industrial groups
, 41–42

rentism and dependency
, 44

stock markets
, 41

structural weaknesses
, 43–44

Portuguese corporate network
, 52

Portuguese economy
, 37–38

Portuguese fortunes
, 34–35

Post-hegemonic governance
, 60–61

Post-hegemonic regionalism, geopolitical economy
, 60–61, 76, 80–81

capitalist international relations
, 62

Eurasian security and Shanghai Cooperation Organization
, 70–79

geopolitical-economic phenomena
, 61–62

global politics multipolarization
, 62

Latin American left
, 63–70

Latin American regionalism
, 62

Post-Keynesian and Marxist economic traditions
, 34

Post-revolutionary period
, 145–146

Pre-capitalist exploitation methods
, 202–203

Preface to the Critique of Political Economy
, 147–148

Pre-Revolution economic conglomerates
, 46

Presidential Council
, 63

Primer Jefe of the Constitucionalistas
, 158–159

Primitive accumulation
, 152–153

Principle of free competition
, 213

Privatizations
, 45, 46, 47

Production, means of
, 209

“Productive” sectors
, 49–50

Profitable privatized monopolies
, 52

Profit motivations
, 39–40

Progressistas
, 187

Proletarianization
, 125

Proletarization
, 23

Proprietary classes
, 214

Prosperity and depression
, 201

Protectionism
, 21

Pro-Western neopatrimonial theorists
, 101–102

Public- private partnerships (PPP)
, 47, 49, 95

Public Protest in Africa
, 102

Radical neozapatista
, 182

Radical Party
, 126

Railways for capitalist development
, 6–7

Rebel communities
, 171

Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS)
, 72–73

Regionalism
, 60

Relative geopolitical autonomy
, 147, 159–160

Relative surplus population
, 122, 138–139

Rent-seeking capitalist class
, 54

Repulsion movement
, 120–121

Research in Political Economy
, 194–195

Reserve labour force
, 153–154

Resurgent authoritarianism
, 90

Revisionism
, 221

Revolutionary Institutional Party (PRI)
, 166

Revolution-restoration
, 149–150

“Riots and protests” category
, 104–105

Roadblocks
, 129–130, 131, 137

Roots of Revolution
, 28

Rosariazo
, 127–128

Russia
, 4–5

capitalism in. See Capitalism, in Russia

and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
, 77–79

Russia-led Collective Security Treaty Organization
, 77

Russian capitalism
, 24

Russian economic development
, 24

Russian economy
, 4, 16, 25

Russian large-scale industry, artificiality
, 15

Russian Marxists
, 19–20, 28–29

Russian peasantry
, 26

Russian revolution of 1905
, 194

Russian socialist camp
, 4

Russian Union of Youth
, 75

Sabotage
, 37, 39

Sabotage and diversion of funds
, 44

“Save South Africa”
, 98–99

Science of Logic
, 5

Sieber, Nikolai
, xiii

Self-consumption
, 200

Self-employed population
, 124

Semana Trágica
, 126

“Semi-colonial” country
, 144

Semi-colonial Mexico
, 144, 159–160

Semi-peripheral capitalism
, 112–113

“Service delivery protests”
, 103

Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)

China’s strategic requirements
, 71

“color revolutions”
, 71

emergence and development
, 70–71

in Eurasia
, 70

historical and institutional development
, 71–76

members, strategic interests
, 70–71

normative framework and China
, 76–77

regionalization
, 74

Russia and
, 77–79

Shanghai spirit
, 77

Sino-Russian intelligence mechanisms
, 73

The Sixth
, 166, 172

Slavophilism
, 23

Slovo
, 6

Social alliance
, 135

Social capital

expanded reproduction of
, 208

reproduction
, 207

“Social Deal”
, 128

Social Democracy
, 221

Social Democratic Party of Germany
, 193

Social discrimination
, 168

Social exclusion
, 186

Social fabric and capitalism
, 4

Social formation
, 149–150

Socialist Laws
, 224

Socialist Party
, 126

Socialist society in Russia
, 19

Social justice
, 127

Social justice and development
, 64

Social protest movement
, 133

Social reproduction
, 34, 155

Social transformations
, 157

Social unrest
, 95–96

Society of Mutual Credit
, 5–6

Socio-political predominance
, 146

“The Sorcerer”
, 128

Stagnation
, 52

State Development Bank of China
, 74–75

State-owned financial companies
, 46–47

State Savings Bank of the Republic of Tajikistan
, 74–75

Stock market
, 46

Stratification process
, 27

Street demonstration
, 137

Strikes
, 125, 129, 131, 135–137

Structural Adjustment Programs
, 92

Structural transformation
, 155

Studies in Our Postreform Economy
, 22–23

“Studies in Our Post-reform Economy”
, 8, 25

Studies in the Development of our Post-Reform Economy (1893)
, 4

Studies on the Theory and History of Commercial Crises in England
, 193, 194–195

Sturm- und Drang periods
, 217, 222

“Subimperial” bias
, 100

Subordinated or dependent states
, 147

SUCRE transactions
, 66

Super-exploitative trade
, 90–91

Surplus extraction
, 147

Survey of Internal Trade
, 8

Systemic legal discrimination
, 112

Telegraphs
, 6

Territorial expansion and capitalism
, 119

Textile industry, Germany
, 218–219

The Fate of Capitalism in Russia (1882)
, 4

“The Industrial Cycle and the Causes of the Periodicity of Crises”
, 224

Theories of crises
, 193

character
, 213–223

Tugan-Baranovsky’s theory of crises
, 205–212

underconsumption and
, 199–204

Theories of profit and crises
, 211

“Theory of collapse”
, 195

Theory of non-revolution
, 155

“The Tragic Week”
, 126

Transitional Military Council
, 112

Tratados de Comercio de los Pueblos (TCPs)
, 63–64

Tropical lasciviousness
, 97

Tugan-Baranovsky, Mikhail
, 193, 194, 195

theories of crises
, 205–212

Tulip Revolution in Kyrgyzstan (2005)
, 73

Underconsumption and theories of crises
, 199–204

Underdevelopment
, 146, 147

Underemployment
, 122, 125

Underinvestment
, 44

UN Development Program
, 104

Unemployed workers movements
, 132

Unemployment
, 122, 123–124, 135, 138–139, 199–200, 214–215

workers and
, 215

Unified System for Regional Compensation
, 64

Unión Cívica Radical
, 126

Unión General de Trabajadores (UGT)
, 125

Unión Industrial Argentina
, 125–126

Union movement
, 135–136

Union of Youth of Tajikistan
, 75

Unión Sindical Argentina
, 126

Universal colonialism
, 185–186

Universal moral hegemony
, 185

Unpayable public debt
, 133–134

Unregistered work
, 125

“Urban Zapatistas”
, 171

US dollar
, 61

Value Added Tax (VAT)
, 94–95

Value-producing factor
, 211

“Violence against civilians” category
, 104–105

Voice of America
, 104

Vol’noe slovo
, 15

Washington Consensus
, 91

Western-European science
, 22

Western intellectual roots
, 97

Westernization
, 182

What the Friends of the People Are and How They Fight Against the Social Democrats
, 24

Workers’ rights abuse
, 44

Working class
, 125–138

general strikes
, 131

general strikes and roadblocks
, 136–138

political system reconstruction
, 134–136

spontaneous insurrection
, 132–134

struggle against capitalist repulsion
, 129–130

unemployed and poor, organization of
, 132

workers’ movement, genesis
, 125–126

workers’ organization development
, 126–129

World Bank
, 61

World Cultural Revolution
, 186

World Economic Forum
, 104–105

World Employment Program
, xiii

World Social Forum
, 175–176

Youth Congress of Kazakhstan
, 75

Youth Public Chamber of Russia
, 75

Zapatista Army of National Liberation
, 180–181, 185–186

Zapatistas
, 157

Zasulich, Vera
, 11–12

Zuma, Jacob
, 98

Zusammenbruchstheorie
, 195