To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

The influence of process parameters on the impact resistance of 3D printed PLA specimens under water-absorption and heat-treated conditions

Pradeep Kumar Mishra (Department of Production Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, India)
Senthil Ponnusamy (Department of Production Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, India)
Mohan Satyanarayana Reddy Nallamilli (Department of Production Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, India)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Article publication date: 28 June 2021

Issue publication date: 15 July 2021

357

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the effect of water absorption and heat treatment on the impact strength of three-dimensional (3D) printed Izod specimens. A low-cost post-processing technique is proposed to improve the impact strength of 3D printed parts substantially.

Design/methodology/approach

In the present work, the effect of water absorption and the heat-treatment on the impact resistance of 3D printed poly-lactic acid parts possessing different layer-height, build-orientation and raster-orientation was studied. Water absorption tests were conducted in distilled water and it was observed that the water- absorption in specimens follows the Fickian diffusion mechanism. A set of specimens was heat-treated at 120°C for 1 h using an induction furnace. Post water absorption and heat-treatment a significant increase in the impact resistance is noticed and especially a steep increase in impact resistance is observed in heat-treated specimens.

Findings

Experimental findings show that raster orientation played a major role in the impact resistance of a 3D printed structure in comparison to other process parameters. The order of influence of process parameters on the impact strength of specimens was disclosed by the mean effect plots. In terms of processing time and cost, the post-processing heat-treatment approach was found to be convenient compared to the water absorption technique.

Originality/value

This paper presents a new set of low-cost post-processing techniques (water-absorption and heat-treatment) for improving the impact strength of 3D printed specimens.

Keywords

Citation

Kumar Mishra, P., Ponnusamy, S. and Reddy Nallamilli, M.S. (2021), "The influence of process parameters on the impact resistance of 3D printed PLA specimens under water-absorption and heat-treated conditions", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 27 No. 6, pp. 1108-1123. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-02-2020-0037

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles