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Influence of Polyester Fibre Fineness and Cross-Sectional Shapes on Tensile Properties of Yarns

V K Kothari (Department of Textile Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110 016, India)
S Dhamija (Department of Textile Technology, The Technological Institute of Textile & Sciences, Bhiwani 127 021, India)
R K Varshney (Department of Textile Engineering, Giani Zail Singh College of Engineering & Technology, Bathinda 151 001, India)

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel

ISSN: 1560-6074

Article publication date: 1 August 2011

Abstract

Mechanical properties of 100% polyester and polyester-viscose (P/V) blended yarns produced from polyester fibres which vary in denier and cross-sectional shape have been analyzed. It is observed that fibre fineness and cross-sectional shape play a significant role in the translation of fibre properties to the respective yarn properties. As the fibre linear density decreases, fibre strength translation efficiency increases. In the case of trilobal fibre, translation efficiency is observed to be lower, but yarn breaking elongation is higher in comparison to the corresponding circular fibre. Scalloped oval fibre contributes more towards yarn strength and elongation versus the equivalent circular and tetraskelion fibres. In the P/V blended form, a decrease in yarn tenacity does not affect fibre fineness, but is substantially influenced by changes in the fibre profile. Contribution of broken viscose fibres (comparatively weaker component) at the point of actual breaking of yarn, i.e. Z-value, is altered depending on the polyester fibre profile, which is higher in trilobal and scalloped oval fibres in comparison to the corresponding circular ones, but the role of fibre linear density in this regard is rendered insignificant.

Keywords

Citation

Kothari, V.K., Dhamija, S. and Varshney, R.K. (2011), "Influence of Polyester Fibre Fineness and Cross-Sectional Shapes on Tensile Properties of Yarns", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. 15 No. 3, pp. 94-106. https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-15-03-2011-B011

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011 Emerald Group Publishing Limited