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Detection of betacyanins pigment stability from Hylocereus polyrhizus (Weber) Britton & Rose fruit pulp and peel for possible use as natural coating

Ummi Nur Ain Abdul Razak (Institute of Biological Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
R.M. Taha (Institute of Biological Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Siti Aisha Na’illa Che Musa (Institute of Biological Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Normadiha Mohamed (Institute of Biological Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Article publication date: 3 July 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the potential of betacyanin pigment extracted from Hylocereus polyrhizus fruit pulp and peel as a natural colorant and to observe the effects of pH and light on betacyanin contents.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, pigment from the pulp and peel of H. polyrhizus fruits was extracted using 80 per cent methanol and 80 per cent acetone. Effects of pH and light exposure during storage on betacyanin content were evaluated. The betacyanin extract, mixed with 20 per cent poly(methyl methacrylate) and coated onto glass slides, was tested with different concentrations of sodium hydroxide (NaCl) to determine its durability. An ultraviolet (UV)–visible spectrophotometer was used for analyzing the betacyanin content.

Findings

Betacyanin pigment extracted from pulp using 80 per cent acetone as the solvent at pH 1.0 had the highest betacyanin content. Betacyanin content decreased when stored under exposure of light compared to storage in dark. In this study, increasing concentration of NaCl decreased the absorbance values at faster rates for betacyanin-coated glass slides.

Research limitations/implications

Acetone is volatile and evaporates rapidly. Pigments extracted with acetone were stored in glass vials which were closed tightly to prevent evaporation.

Social implications

The social implication is the use of natural pigments from cactus species as a valuable and eco-friendly source in a coating system without adverse effects for human health.

Originality/value

The method for detection of stability and effectiveness of betacyanin pigment used as a natural colorant for coating application was beneficial and recent for environment-friendly and natural plant-based product development.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the University of Malaya, Malaysia, for financial support provided (IPPP Grant No. PG044-2013A).

Citation

Abdul Razak, U.N.A., Taha, R.M., Che Musa, S.A.N. and Mohamed, N. (2017), "Detection of betacyanins pigment stability from Hylocereus polyrhizus (Weber) Britton & Rose fruit pulp and peel for possible use as natural coating", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 46 No. 4, pp. 303-308. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-11-2016-0104

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited