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Performance of coatings containing treated silica fume in the corrosion protection of reinforced concrete

Nivin M. Ahmed (Department of Polymers and Pigments, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt)
Mostafa G. Mohamed (Department of Polymers and Pigments, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt)
Reham H. Tammam (Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt)
Mohamed R. Mabrouk (Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt)

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Article publication date: 27 July 2018

Issue publication date: 22 August 2018

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to apply novel anticorrosive pigments containing silica fume-phosphates (Si-Ph), which were prepared using core-shell technique by covering 80-90 per cent silica fume (core) with 10-20 per cent phosphates (shell) previously, to play dual functions simultaneously as anticorrosive pigments in coating formulations and as an anticorrosive admixture in concrete even if it is not present in the concrete itself. Two comparisons were held out to show the results of coatings on rebars containing core-shell pigments in concrete, and concrete admixtured with silica fume can perform a dual function as anticorrosive pigment and concrete admixture. The evaluation of corrosion protection efficiency of coatings containing core-shell pigments and those containing phosphates was performed.

Design/methodology/approach

Simple chemical techniques were used to prepare core-shell pigments, and their characterization was carried out in a previous work. These pigments were incorporated in solvent-based paint formulations based on epoxy resin. Different electrochemical techniques such as open-circuit potential and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to evaluate the anticorrosive efficiency of the new pigments.

Findings

The electrochemical measurements showed that concrete containing coated rebars with core-shell pigments exhibited almost similar results to that of concrete admixtured with silica fume. Also, the anticorrosive performance of coatings containing Si-Ph pigments offered protection efficiency almost similar to that of phosphates, proving that these new pigments can perform both roles as anticorrosive pigment and concrete admixture.

Originality/value

Although the new Si-Ph pigments contain more than 80 per cent waste material, its performance can be compared to original phosphate pigments in the reinforced concrete.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Science and Technology development Fund in Egypt (STDF) under project number 12650.

Citation

Ahmed, N.M., Mohamed, M.G., Tammam, R.H. and Mabrouk, M.R. (2018), "Performance of coatings containing treated silica fume in the corrosion protection of reinforced concrete", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 47 No. 4, pp. 350-359. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-08-2017-0076

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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