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Effect of the modified dispersing agent and milling time on the properties and particle size distribution of inkjet ink formulation for textile printing

H. Abd El-Wahab (Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt)
A.M. Nasser (Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt)
H.M. Abd ElBary (Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt)
M. Abd Elrahman (ESNA Chemicals Company, Cairo, Egypt)
M. Hassanein (ESNA Chemicals Company, Cairo, Egypt)

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Article publication date: 15 December 2020

Issue publication date: 12 July 2021

185

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the effect of the new modified dispersing agent, milling time of the properties and particle size distribution (PSD) of inkjet ink formulation for polyester fabric printing.

Design/methodology/approach

The study’s methods include preparation of different formulations of textile inkjet inks based on different types of dispersing agents, then applying and evaluating the prepared formulations on the polyester fabric. The properties of the prepared ink formulations were analyzed by measuring viscosity, surface tension and particle size. The current work is including the study of the effect of using different doses of different dispersing agents and the milling time on their characteristics. Also, the study was extended to evaluate the printed polyester by using the prepared inks according to light fastness, washing fastness, alkali perspiration fastness and crock fastness.

Findings

The results showed that the used dispersing agents and the different milling time enhanced the viscosity and dynamic surface tension in the accepted range, but it was largely cleared in the PSD which tends to perform the inks on the printhead and prevent clogging of nozzles. Light fastness, washing fastness, alkali perspiration fastness and crock fastness gave good results in agreement with this type of inkjet inks for textile printing.

Research limitations/implications

In this work, good results were obtained with this type of dispersing agent for inkjet ink formulations, but for other dispersing agents, other tests could be performed. The inkjet ink could also be formulated with other additives to prevent clogging of nozzles on the printhead.

Practical implications

These ink formulations could be used for printing on polyester fabric by the inkjet printing.

Originality/value

Recently, there was a considerable interest in the study of the effect of PSD on the inkjet inks to prevent clogging of nozzles on the printhead and to improve the print quality on the textile fiber.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Dr Mai El Sawy, Basic Science Department, British University in Egypt (BUE) and Associate Member at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva, Switzerland for her invaluable contribution to the written part of the paper.

Citation

Abd El-Wahab, H., Nasser, A.M., Abd ElBary, H.M., Abd Elrahman, M. and Hassanein, M. (2021), "Effect of the modified dispersing agent and milling time on the properties and particle size distribution of inkjet ink formulation for textile printing", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 50 No. 4, pp. 356-366. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-07-2020-0069

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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