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Effect of learning goal orientation on work engagement through job crafting: A moderated mediation approach

Makoto Matsuo (Graduate School of Economics and Business Administration, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan)

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Article publication date: 9 August 2018

Issue publication date: 21 January 2019




The purpose of this paper is to examine the mechanism by which learning goal orientation (LGO) promotes work engagement through job crafting (seeking challenges).


A moderated mediation model was tested using survey data from 266 public health nurses and hospital nurses in Japan.


The results indicated that job crafting partially mediated the relationship between LGO and work engagement, and that the mediation effect was stronger when reflection was high (vs middle and low).

Research limitations/implications

Although common method bias and validity of measurement were evaluated in this paper, the survey data were cross-sectional.

Practical implications

The results suggest that selecting people with a stronger sense of LGO may be a useful strategy for promoting job crafting and work engagement in an organization. Additionally, organizations should give employees opportunities to reflect on their jobs and to craft them into more challenging ones in the workplace.


Although little is known about mechanisms by which LGO promotes work engagement, this study found that job crafting and reflection play important roles in linking LGO and work engagement.



This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI (Grant No. 26285078).


Matsuo, M. (2019), "Effect of learning goal orientation on work engagement through job crafting: A moderated mediation approach", Personnel Review, Vol. 48 No. 1, pp. 220-233.



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Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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