In order to contribute to the understanding of affective commitment towards distinct workplace targets, the purpose of this paper is to develop and validate a Multitarget Affective Commitment Scale (MACS) through two data collections. The MACS uses similarly worded items for distinct targets and reflects the most recent theoretical development of affective commitment.
In the first data collection, items from previous commitment scales were tested through the social network service Facebook (n=305). The second data collection was conducted in the healthcare system of Denmark (n=496) using survey questionnaires.
In Study 1, exploratory factor analyses were conducted to reduce the items based on the Facebook data. In Study 2, the authors confirm the findings of Study 1 and further reduce the items based on the healthcare sample. The healthcare sample is also used in Study 3, where the authors validate the MACS by investigating its relationship with predictors, correlates, and outcomes.
The results suggest that the MACS are a reliable and valid measure of affective commitment compatible with the diverse targets to which affective commitment often occurs. Consequently, the MACS is applicable for research investigating multiply affective commitments, thereby advancing the understanding of interactions between affective commitments and diverse targets, among other applications.
The authors are grateful to the anonymous reviewer and to Associate Editor Professor Thomas N. Garavan for their helpful and critical comments that have formed and improved the paper.
Schoemmel, K., Jønsson, T.S. and Jeppesen, H.-J. (2015), "The development and validation of a Multitarget Affective Commitment Scale", Personnel Review, Vol. 44 No. 2, pp. 286-307. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-06-2013-0099
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