Malnutrition in Ethiopia: pattern analysis and associated factors among under-five children
Article publication date: 31 August 2022
Issue publication date: 28 February 2023
This study aims to examine the differences within individuals and clusters in nutritional status and identify socioeconomic factors in the nutritional status of under-five children in Ethiopia.
A weighted sub-sample of 5,270 under-five children was drawn from the under-five children data set of the Ethiopian 2019 Mini Demographic and Health Survey. Multilevel modeling was used to look at the association between the nutritional status of children with predictors.
The proportion of stunting, underweight and wasting among under-five children were 39.3%, 28.6% and 16.3%, respectively. The observed Global Moran Index’s value for child malnutrition (stunting, wasting and underweight) prevalence in Ethiopia were I = 0.204 for stunting, I = 0.152 for wasting and I = 0.195 for underweight at p = 0.000 was statistically significant indicating that spatial variability of malnutrition of under-five children across survey clusters and regions was observed. Moreover, the result of heterogeneity between clusters obtained for stunting, underweight and wasting was significant providing evidence of variation among regional clusters concerning the status of nutrition of under-five children. Child’s age in months, breastfeeding, family educational level, wealth index, place of residence, media access and region were highly significantly associated with childhood malnutrition. The inclusion of the explanatory variables has shown a significant impact on the variation in malnutrition among regions.
Enhance education, expanding the activities regarding nutritional and health services using media, health extension workers, and health institutions.
The study provides the malnutrition situation status of Ethiopian country when the survey carried out.
The authors are grateful to all individuals and institutions for providing the necessary information for this work.
Funding: The project was funded by Ambo University.
Data Sharing Statements: The data can be available from the corresponding author based on your request with the email address of “email@example.com”.
Lemessa, R., Aga, G., Tafese, A. and Senbeto, T. (2023), "Malnutrition in Ethiopia: pattern analysis and associated factors among under-five children", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 53 No. 3, pp. 564-577. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-12-2021-0393
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