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The addition of cactus flour (Opuntia ficus indica) to the Western-style diet attenuates the onset of metabolic disorders in rats

Graziele Fonseca Cysneiros (Universidade Federal de Pernambuco Centro de Ciencias da Saude, Recife, Brazil)
Judith Libertad Chavez Gonzalez (Department of Biological Sciences, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Morelia, Mexico)
Amanda Alves Marcelino da Silva (Colegiado de Enfermagem, Universidade de Pernambuco - Campus de Petrolina, Petrolina, Brazil)
Taisy Cinthia Ferro Cavalcante (Colegiado de Nutrição, Universidade de Pernambuco, Campus Petrolina, Petrolina, Brazil)
Omar Guzman Quevedo (Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Morelia, Mexico)
Eduardo Carvalho Lira (Departamento de Fisiologia, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil)
Juliana Kessia Soares (Universidade Federal da Paraíba Campus Cuite, Cuité, Brazil)
Eryvelton de Souza Franco (Centro Universitário Brasileiro UNIBRA, Recife, Brazil)
Elizabeth do Nascimento (Department of Nutrition, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco Centro de Ciencias da Saude, Recife, Brazil)
Héctor Eduardo Flores Martínez Flores (Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Morelia, Mexico)

Nutrition & Food Science

ISSN: 0034-6659

Publication date: 8 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of a 15-week dietary intake of cactus flour on metabolic parameters, body weight and dietary intake of rats.

Design/methodology/approach

Male Wistar rats were divided into four experimental groups (n = 8-10): control or westernized diets added or not of cactus flour. The following parameters were evaluated during the period of dietary manipulation: body weight, food intake, glycemic and lipid profile (oral glucose tolerance test, metabolic parameters, hepatic and muscular glycogen dosage), visceral and body fat (relative weight to body weight). Data were analyzed using Graphpad Prism®5, p = 0.05.

Findings

Animals fed on a Western-style diet together with flour cactus presented lower weight gain (335.7 ± 20.0, p = 0.05) over the evaluated period, even when the volume of food intake was not different among the groups. The addition of cactus flour to a Western-style diet appears to lower glucose levels at 30 and 60 min (p = 0.05), as shown in the glucose tolerance curve. There was a downward trend does fat stores, cholesterol levels and triglycerides. Therefore, it was concluded that this addition cactus flour is effective even when the diet is hyperlipidic, demonstrating its ability to attenuate risk parameters for the occurrence of metabolic syndromes such as sub fraction high cholesterol levels and glucose tolerance.

Originality/value

The addition of functional foods to diets may work to improve the harmful effects of this type of diet. Opuntia ficus indica has high nutritional value and has hypoglycemic and hypolipemic properties besides being antioxidant.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The English text of this paper has been revised by Sidney Pratt, Canadian, MAT (The Johns Hopkins University), RSAdip - TESL (Cambridge University).

Conflicts of interest: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Citation

Cysneiros, G.F., Gonzalez, J.L.C., Marcelino da Silva, A.A., Cavalcante, T.C.F., Quevedo, O.G., Lira, E.C., Soares, J.K., Franco, E.d.S., do Nascimento, E. and Flores, H.E.F.M. (2019), "The addition of cactus flour (Opuntia ficus indica) to the Western-style diet attenuates the onset of metabolic disorders in rats", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 49 No. 4, pp. 564-579. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-08-2018-0231

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited