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Variation of circulating 25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels with life style in a cohort group in Sri Lanka

Shirani Ranasinghe (Department of Biochemistry, University of Peradeniya, Kandy, Sri Lanka and Post Graduate Institute of Science, University of Peradeniya, Kandy, Sri Lanka)
Thilak Jayalath (Department of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Kandy, Sri Lanka)
Sampath Thennakoon (Department of Community Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Kandy, Sri Lanka)
Ranjith Jayasekara (National Transport Authority, Kandy, Sri Lanka)
Ran Shiva (Post Graduate Institute of Science, University of Peradeniya, Kandy, Sri Lanka)
Tharanga Bandara (Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Kandy, Sri Lanka)

Nutrition & Food Science

ISSN: 0034-6659

Article publication date: 5 December 2018

Issue publication date: 12 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Purpose of this study is to measure the Vitamin D status of healthy adults and to correlate with their lifestyle and feeding habits. Plasma 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) is the most common marker of vitamin D status of an individual. Deficiency of vitamin D is defined as the serum level less than 20 ng/mL and insufficiency as 30 ng/mL which can be prevented.

Design/methodology/approach

Vitamin D status of healthy adults (n = 82), both male and females between the age of 18 – 50 years who were attending to the National Transport Authority, Kandy, Sri Lanka from February to March 2016, was measured and correlated with their lifestyle, feeding habits, etc.

Findings

The mean total serum D (25(OH)D in this study was 40.15 ± 3.74 nmol/l with the mean value of 42.8 ± 28.8 and 37.5 ± 16.6 for women and men, respectively. The serum calcium levels of both female and male were around 8 mg/dl and the serum total protein was 6.5 and 7 g/dl in women and men, respectively. The serum Vitamin D, calcium and total protein were not statistically significantly different between the sexes. In this study, 84 per cent of the total subjects were normocalcemic, and there was no significant relationship between vitamin D levels and their calcium levels.

Research limitations/implications

This study demonstrates that there was no statistically significant correlation between the serum vitamin D with age, serum calcium or total proteins. The majority of participants who had exposure to the sunlight more than 30 mins/day had sufficient level of vitamin D and less than 30 min/day exposure had deficiency of vitamin D. Daily intake of multivitamin influenced vitamin D status of the study group.

Practical implications

These findings will implicate the importance of cultural, feed and social habits for the nutritional status of an individual.and there are no reported studies on vitamin D status with reference to the variation of life style.

Social implications

It is very important to investigate the factors affecting to the vitamin D status of a population as such, vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency can be prevented. In Sri Lanka, the population is consisting with many ethnic groups, different ethnic groups may find some nutritional problems according to their main cultural habits.

Originality/value

The objectives of this study are to evaluate the Vitamin D status in a group of healthy adults between 20 and 50 years in both men and women and to find out the correlation of their vitamin D status with their lifestyle and feeding habits, etc.

Keywords

Citation

Ranasinghe, S., Jayalath, T., Thennakoon, S., Jayasekara, R., Shiva, R. and Bandara, T. (2019), "Variation of circulating 25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels with life style in a cohort group in Sri Lanka", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 49 No. 4, pp. 506-516. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-06-2018-0168

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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