To read this content please select one of the options below:

Assessment of quality and safety of traditional smoked spotted tilapia fish (Tilapia mariae) from Lagos State, Nigeria

Samuel Ayofemi Adeyeye (Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria)
Olusola Bandele Oyewole (Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria)
Adewale Olusegun Obadina (Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria)
A M Omemu (Department of Hospitality and Tourism, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria)
O E Adeniran (Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria)
Hakeem A Oyedele (Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria)

Nutrition & Food Science

ISSN: 0034-6659

Article publication date: 8 February 2016

428

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to assess the quality and microbial safety of traditional smoked spotted tilapia fish from Lagos State and, by doing so, determine the quality and microbial safety level of traditional smoked spotted tilapia fish, their distribution, effects and possible public health implications of the quality/rancidity indices and microorganisms on the consumers.

Design/methodology/approach

Fresh spotted tilapia fish (100 samples) were collected from 20 different fishing/processing centres and divided into two batches. One batch was smoked with local drum kiln at processing centres, and the second batch was smoked with convective smoking kiln as control in the laboratory. Each batch was assessed for moisture content, protein content, fat content, crude fibre content, ash content, pH, thiobarbituric acid (TBA), total volatile base- nitrogen (TVB-N), trimethylamine (TMA), peroxide value (PV) and free fatty acid (FFA) values. Microbiological analyses were also conducted. Each batch was assessed for total viable count (TVC), fungal count, Listeria monocytogenes count, Staphylococcus aureus count, Salmonella paratyphi count and presence or absence of Escherichia coli.

Findings

The results of the proximate composition, quality indices and microbiological analyses revealed that there was significant variations (p < 0.05) between smoked fish with different smoking methods. The mean pH, TBA, TVB-N, TMA, PV and FFA values of fresh and smoked spotted tilapia fish samples were within the range recommended by United States Food and Drug Administration. The mean TVC of fresh spotted tilapia fish samples was 6.3 × 106-8.8 × 108 cfu/g and TVC of samples of smoked spotted tilapia fish and the control were 2.0 × 104-6.4 × 104 cfu/g and 1.0 × 103-8.6 × 103 cfu/g, respectively. The mean L. monocytogenes count of fresh spotted tilapia fish samples was 1.3 × 102-2.4 × 102 cfu/g and that of samples of smoked spotted tilapia fish ranged from 1.6 × 101 to 23.1 × 101 cfu/g while samples of smoked spotted tilapia fish using convective smoking kiln showed no count for L. monocytogenes. The mean S. aureus count of fresh spotted tilapia fish samples ranged from 4.7 × 103 to 8.0 × 103 cfu/g and that of samples of smoked spotted tilapia fish ranged from 5.1 × 102 to 88.6 × 102 cfu/g and 1.1 × 102 to 3.8 × 102 cfu/g. The mean fat content (FC) count of samples of smoked spotted tilapia fish ranged from 1.1 × 101 to 6.0 × 101 cfu/g. S. paratyphi and E. coli were not detected in all smoked spotted tilapia fish samples. The study, however, concluded that the traditional drum smoked spotted tilapia fish could expose consumers to high microbial risk because of the presence of L. monocytogenes.

Research limitations/implications

The fresh fish used in this study were obtained from coastal villages in Lagos State, and there were limitations in getting the samples in time to the processing centres and in preserving the fresh fish because of poor or non-availability of power (electricity).

Practical implications

The paper includes implications for the development of a cost-effective smoked fish, to ensure food safety, enhanced health and improve the preservation and post-harvest losses of fresh fish.

Social implications

The paper helps in developing an effective smoked method that will produce good-quality smoked fish, reduce the incidence of food poison and enhance the health of consumers.

Originality/value

This research is of value to the traditional fish smokers and consumers. Smoked fish has been implicated as a source of microbial infection in Nigeria and West African sub-region in recent times and the need for good manufacturing practices cannot be overemphasized.

Keywords

Citation

Adeyeye, S.A., Oyewole, O.B., Obadina, A.O., Omemu, A.M., Adeniran, O.E. and Oyedele, H.A. (2016), "Assessment of quality and safety of traditional smoked spotted tilapia fish (Tilapia mariae) from Lagos State, Nigeria", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 46 No. 1, pp. 142-155. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-05-2015-0059

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Related articles