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Outlines the historical position of smoking in the workplace. Discusses the health risks associated with tobacco together with associated costs. Considers research…
Outlines the historical position of smoking in the workplace. Discusses the health risks associated with tobacco together with associated costs. Considers research covering workplace anti‐smoking policies and outlines case studies of policies implemented. Briefly mentions the benefits of education campaigns and incentives for quitting. Suggests that the future workplace policies could considerably affect the future number of individuals taking up the habit.
Smoking is a health hazard to both the smokerand non‐smoker who must breathe secondhandsmoke. Increasingly the non‐smoker is becomingmore vocal about being exposed to smoke…
Smoking is a health hazard to both the smoker and non‐smoker who must breathe secondhand smoke. Increasingly the non‐smoker is becoming more vocal about being exposed to smoke‐laden air in the work environment. If companies do not have a policy concerning smoking, they should seriously consider implementing such a policy.
Recent speculation on whether the Government may seek to enforce a total ban on smoking in the UK’s bars and restaurants has reignited a long standing debate about the…
Recent speculation on whether the Government may seek to enforce a total ban on smoking in the UK’s bars and restaurants has reignited a long standing debate about the commercial impact of such a decision. Running alongside these considerations is the health and safety question and the possible harmful consequences for those working in smoky environments. Reports a small‐scale piece of research which compares the smoking arrangements found in several restaurants. The findings suggest that those restaurants already operating a total ban on smoking may actually be opposed to Government legislation, as this would remove from them a potential source of competitive advantage. Thus, the paper suggests that those restaurants which operate a total smoking ban may enjoy some commercial benefits, especially if the question of partially or totally banning smoking remains a voluntary one.
Examines the impact of restricting tobacco smoking in theAustralian hospitality industry. Recent Australian legislation hasdemonstrated strong support for the rights of…
Examines the impact of restricting tobacco smoking in the Australian hospitality industry. Recent Australian legislation has demonstrated strong support for the rights of individuals to a smoke‐free environment in public places. Describes a study undertaken in 1990, and repeated in 1992, to assess patrons′ attitudes to smoking in restaurants. Discusses the implications of the results for the hospitality industry.
Recent research has suggested that thoseexposed to passive smoking may incur anincreased risk of contracting lung cancer. In thelight of such findings, many employers have…
Recent research has suggested that those exposed to passive smoking may incur an increased risk of contracting lung cancer. In the light of such findings, many employers have faced increasing demands from the workforce to introduce smoking policies. The possible legal implications are examined for those employers who fail to introduce such policies and some guidance is offered on the extent to which employment law protects the interests of those workers whose smoking habit makes it difficult or impossible to comply with smoking restrictions.
Examines the issue of smoking for facilities managers faced withneed to reconcile conflicting demands within the constraints of spaceand building services. Considers the…
Examines the issue of smoking for facilities managers faced with need to reconcile conflicting demands within the constraints of space and building services. Considers the possible options for facilities managers: outright ban of smoking; ventilation systems; time restrictions for smoking; limited smoking areas. Reviews the responsibilities for facilities managers. Finally, discusses signage and controlled smoking policies.
The goal of the special issue is to review current cigarette smoking trends in China; this article aims to provide an overview of the main themes of the special issue.
The instruments for data collection of the five studies in this special issue are surveys. One study used a random sampling method, one used an intercept survey method, and three used a convenience sampling method.
Highlights of the findings include: among the 677 physicians surveyed, 31.6 percent of the men and 0.9 percent of the women were current smokers; 79.2 percent of the cigarette users reported smoking on duty; 15 percent of the cigarette users smoked in front of patients. Sixty‐one percent of the physicians often advised patients to quit smoking. Two factors significantly influenced a physician's anti‐smoking frequencies: whether they were smokers themselves and whether they had received training on helping patients to quit smoking. About half of the 269 patients surveyed reported seeing someone smoking inside the hospital, and 22.3 percent had seen physicians and/or nurses smoking. Among the 758 medical students surveyed, 26.5 percent of males and 1.6 percent of females had smoked in the previous 30 days.
The exclusive coverage of a western journal on cigarette smoking in China can draw the attention of Chinese and western scholars in the field, as well as the attention of the Chinese Ministry of Health, to this major national problem. This attention should help to advance anti‐smoking educational campaigns in China.
This is the first special issue by a western academic journal on cigarette smoking in China, where rates are far higher than in most other parts of the world, and are a major health concern. Two studies have large sample sizes and all five studies have high response rates.
Previous studies have indicated that antismoking advertising potentially prevents or reduces smoking among teenagers. However, not all message themes of antismoking…
Previous studies have indicated that antismoking advertising potentially prevents or reduces smoking among teenagers. However, not all message themes of antismoking advertising have proved effective. This study aims to explore the effects of different message themes on teenagers' intention to smoke. Attitude towards the advertisement and attitude towards the act (smoking) are proposed as mediating variables between the message theme and smoking intentions. The paper also aims to examine effect of three themes, namely health effects, mental effects and social effects on smoking/not smoking.
The data consist of 325 Finnish high school students aged between 13 and 16. The hypotheses are tested using LISREL 8.
The paper finds that only the attitudes towards advertisements displaying social effects are significantly related with attitudes towards smoking. The attitudes towards the advertisements portraying the themes of health effects and mental effects are not significantly related with attitudes towards smoking and thus are not effective in influencing the respondents' attitudes towards smoking and smoking intentions.
Data were gathered only in one European country (Finland). Future studies should examine whether teenagers in other European countries differ in the way they are affected by different message themes.
Teenagers are susceptible to messages that are related to social approval of not smoking or disapproval of smoking, thus social appeals should be used in antismoking advertising targeted at them.
This study focuses on exploring how message themes used in antismoking advertising affect smoking intentions among teenagers in the European context and specifically in Finland.
The purpose of this study is to identify attitude differences between smokers and non‐smokers regarding smoking in restaurants and existing smoking by‐laws. The findings…
The purpose of this study is to identify attitude differences between smokers and non‐smokers regarding smoking in restaurants and existing smoking by‐laws. The findings can assist restaurant managers to resolve the dilemma of in‐restaurant smoking. Qualitative research methods were used to capture the holistic and meaningful characteristics of real‐life events. Three different data collection techniques were employed for methodological triangulation. Content analysis was applied to the data, collected through participant observations, focus group interviews, and in‐depth interviews. To account for the relationship between a theoretical perspective and certain messages, the categories used in the content analysis were determined by both induction and deduction. The findings enhance the understanding smoking and non‐smoking customers’ thoughts, feelings, and actions in restaurants, and clarifying the resulting challenges for restaurant managers.
Considers the changing attitudes towards employees′ health which are leading to the introduction of health programmes, particularly for smoking. Examines smoking policies at work, reasons for having a smoking policy, benefits and costs of stopping smoking, and methods of stopping smoking. Surmises that implementing a smoking cessation course for employees has many benefits: in addition to health considerations, it is an appreciable gesture of help and serves as good public relations.