The present communication aims to investigate the influence of cobalt substitution on the structural, mechanical and elastic properties of nickel–zinc ferrite thick films. The changes observed in the crystallite size (D), lattice constant (a), texture coefficient [TC(hkl)] and mechanical and elastic properties of the thick films due to cobalt substitution have been reported systematically.
Ni–Zn ferrites with the stoichiometric formula Ni0.7−xCoxZn0.3Fe2O4 (where, x = 0, 0.04, 0.08, 0.12, 0.16 and 0.20) were synthesized via solution combustion technique using sucrose as the fuel and poly-vinyl-alcohol as the matrix material. The thick films of the ferrites were fabricated on alumina substrates by the screen printing method. The thickness of the films was 25 μm, as measured by the gravimetric method. The thick films were subjected to X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.
The detailed study of variation of lattice parameter (a), sintering density, micro-strain and elastic properties with cobalt (Co+2) substituted was carried out. The remarkable increase in lattice parameter (from 8.369 A° to 8.3825 A°), bulk density and average grain size (69-119 nm) with the cobalt content was due to larger ionic radius of Co2+ compared to Ni2+. Texture analysis [TC(hkl)] reveals all thick films have adequate grain growth in the (311) plane direction. The main absorption bands of spinel ferrite have appeared through infrared absorption spectra recorded in the range of 300-700 cm−1.
The variation in stiffness constants (for isotropic material, C11 = C12), longitudinal elastic wave (Vl), transverse elastic wave (Vt), mean elastic velocity (VMean), rigidity modulus (G), Poisson’s ratio(s) and Young’s modulus (E) with cobalt (Co+2) composition has been interpreted in terms of binding forces found.
One of the authors Vijaya Puri gratefully acknowledges the UGC India for Award of Research Scientist “C”. S.N. Mathad is thankful to Prof Gloria Albert for English critical proofreading.
Rendale, M.K., Mathad, S.N. and Puri, V. (2017), "Structural, mechanical and elastic properties of Ni0.7−xCoxZn0.3Fe2O4 nano-ferrite thick films", Microelectronics International, Vol. 34 No. 2, pp. 57-63. https://doi.org/10.1108/MI-02-2016-0009Download as .RIS
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