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Open innovation: past, present and future trends

Cristina Fernandes (Faculdade de Ciencias Sociais e Humanas, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilha, Poland)
João Ferreira (Faculdade de Ciencias Sociais e Humanas, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilha, Poland)
Marta Peris-Ortiz (Department of Business Management, Universidad Politécninca de Valencia, Valenci, UK)

Journal of Organizational Change Management

ISSN: 0953-4814

Article publication date: 18 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide interested parties with the means of grasping how the literature on open innovation has evolved over the course of time. In this way, the authors furthermore contribute towards a better understanding, scaling and positioning of this field of research.

Design/methodology/approach

This study applies a combination of bibliometric techniques, such as citations, co-citations and social network analysis in order to map the scientific domain of open innovation. Currently, bibliometric analysis represents a methodology in effect on a global scale to evaluate the existing state of fields of research (Mutschke et al., 2011). This spans the application of quantitative and statistical analysis to publications such as articles and their respective citations and serving to evaluate the performance of research through returning data on all of the activities ongoing in a scientific field with summaries of these data generating a broad perspective on the research activities and impacts, especially as regards the researchers, journals, countries and universities (Hawkins, 1977; Osareh, 1996; Thomsom Reuters, 2008).

Findings

This research aims to map and analyse the intellectual knowledge held on open innovation. To this end, the authors carried out a bibliometric study with recourse to co-citations. Based on cluster and factorial analyses, it is possible identify and classify the several theoretical perspectives on open innovation across six areas: open innovation concept, open innovation and networks, open innovation and knowledge, open Innovation, and innovation spillovers, open innovation management and open innovation and technology.

Originality/value

This paper aims to map and analyse the intellectual knowledge held on open innovation.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

João J. Ferreira and Cristina I. Fernandes acknowledge the financial support from NECE – Research Unit in Business Sciences funded by the Multiannual Funding Programme of R&D Centres of FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (Project UID/GES/04630/2013).

Citation

Fernandes, C., Ferreira, J. and Peris-Ortiz, M. (2019), "Open innovation: past, present and future trends", Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 32 No. 5, pp. 578-602. https://doi.org/10.1108/JOCM-09-2018-0257

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited