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Demand for money laundering in developing countries and its deterrence: a quantitative analysis

Anam Javaid (Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan)
Noman Arshed (Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan)

Journal of Money Laundering Control

ISSN: 1368-5201

Article publication date: 16 August 2021

Issue publication date: 8 June 2022

594

Abstract

Purpose

Money laundering is an activity where illegal proceeds are hidden. This often leads to a reduction in government revenue and loss of government control of public funds. This study aims to identify the important sources of growing demand for money laundering in developing countries. Further, it identifies the factors that reduce the impact of sources of demand for money laundering.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used the panel approach of feasible generalized least square to investigate the growing demand for money laundering in 62 developing countries and provides a moderation-based solution for managing the demand factors.

Findings

The empirical results of this study indicate that there are two sources that increase the demand for money laundering in developing countries. This includes a high tax rate on profit linked with private firms and businesses and diversion of public funds related to government officials and politicians. The results indicate that profit tax and diversion of funds increase the demand for money laundering. The profit tax-based money laundering can be moderated by the quality of the education system and the diversion of public funds and money laundering can be moderated using bureaucracy quality.

Originality/value

This is one of the first studies to empirically estimate the impact of two important sources (i.e. diversion of public funds by government officials and politicians and a high tax rate) that create demand for money laundering in developing countries. The findings help developing countries’ governments formulate policies and curb the growing demand for money laundering.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Authors acknowledge School of Business and Economics, University of Management and Technology in providing authors means to conduct research project.

Citation

Javaid, A. and Arshed, N. (2022), "Demand for money laundering in developing countries and its deterrence: a quantitative analysis", Journal of Money Laundering Control, Vol. 25 No. 3, pp. 625-636. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMLC-06-2021-0063

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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