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Trinidad and Tobago and money laundering control: a country committed to strengthening the link

Sherene Alicia Murray-Bailey (Magistracy, Judiciary of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago)

Journal of Money Laundering Control

ISSN: 1368-5201

Article publication date: 3 June 2021

Issue publication date: 18 April 2023




In 2008, the author wrote on the Concept of “Money Laundering Control: The Missing Link in Trinidad and Tobago. Now, approximately two years after that seminal assessment, the author has re-assessed the domestic anti-money laundering (AML) framework, with particular reference to the controls in place to address money laundering (ML) and the confiscation of the proceeds of crime. This paper aims to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of the newly implemented regime and considers whether it meets international standards.


This analysis embraces a pluralist approach. Within this assessment, a case study method is used with contextual qualitative analysis. Empirical data is analyzed and causal connections are linked to the analysis.


This research highlights catalytic change and creativity in addressing deficiencies within the AML architecture in Trinidad and Tobago. Upon analysis, it is pellucid that a radically altered criminal justice landscape has emerged and a more aggressive and targeted approach to address ML and the confiscation of the proceeds of crime is apparent. The result is a shift in paradigm with tangible outcomes to suggest that the strategies have borne fruit and that the twin island Republic is indeed committed to strengthening the link.

Research limitations/implications

Findings are limited to Trinidad and Tobago and to the period ended April 2020.


As a country with a medium to high ML risk, the possible negative socio-economic effects of ML cannot be underscored. Disruption of ML and the confiscation of the proceeds of crime are, therefore, imperative. This paper considers the progress made in addressing these pertinent issues and assists in assessing the effects of the reformation efforts undertaken by Trinidad and Tobago.



Murray-Bailey, S.A. (2023), "Trinidad and Tobago and money laundering control: a country committed to strengthening the link", Journal of Money Laundering Control, Vol. 26 No. 3, pp. 584-593.



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