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Halal supply chain resilience index: development and implementation of measurement tool

Harwati (Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia and Department of Industrial Technology, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, and)
Anna Maria Sri Asih (Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
Bertha Maya Sopha (Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia)

Journal of Islamic Marketing

ISSN: 1759-0833

Article publication date: 11 June 2024

38

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to develop a measurement model of the halal supply chain resilience (HSCRES) index, which represents the capability of the supply chain (SC) to handle disruption caused by halal risks. A case study is conducted to apply the HSCRES index in the halal chicken SC in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, to test the proposed methodology.

Design/methodology/approach

A literature synthesis was conducted to establish the main capability and vulnerability factors and their relevant indicators. The indicators were validated using the confirmatory factor analysis approach. Then, applying an analytical hierarchy process involving ten experts – practitioners and academicians – the weight of each indicator was obtained. A survey of 20 employees of slaughterhouses, 35 sellers and 100 consumers was conducted to obtain the value of each indicator. Finally, the HSCRES index was calculated by comparing the total weighted capability value to vulnerability.

Findings

The results revealed that the resilience of halal chicken SC in Yogyakarta is at a good level, with an index of 3.459, and “halal team” is the most significant indicator. The findings also revealed several capabilities that need improvement, including dedicated halal facilities, employees’ halal competence and halal regulation. However, the lack of a halal certification board, lack of management commitment and packaging contamination were found as vulnerability indicators that need to be reduced.

Research limitations/implications

The case of this study is limited to the halal chicken SC in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. As a consequence, the obtained results are limited to a specific context. The application of this method to different areas and objects enables the establishment of different capability and vulnerability indicators.

Practical implications

The halal resilience measurement model offers a comprehensive understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of the HSC. The findings can help stakeholders improve preparedness for halal risks, deal with halal risks better and recover more quickly. Measuring the HSCRES index can be particularly useful for policymakers in developing evidence-based strategies to increase HSCRES.

Originality/value

The current study is the first to define and classify the contributing halal resilience attributes and also to calculate the halal resilience index.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study was funded by the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia through the Indonesian Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP), Ministry of Finance and the Republic of Indonesia under BUDI DN for a doctoral study.

Citation

 , H., Asih, A.M.S. and Sopha, B.M. (2024), "Halal supply chain resilience index: development and implementation of measurement tool", Journal of Islamic Marketing, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIMA-04-2023-0111

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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