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Otherness as a form of intersubjective social exclusion: Conceptual discussion from the current communicative scenario

Luis M. Romero-Rodriguez (Department of Communication Sciences and Sociology, Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid, Spain and ESAI Business School, Universidad Espíritu Santo, Guayaquil, Ecuador)
Sabina Civila (Department of Educational Sciences, University of Huelva, Huelva, Spain)
Ignacio Aguaded (Department of Educational Sciences, University of Huelva, Huelva, Spain)

Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society

ISSN: 1477-996X

Article publication date: 10 April 2020

Issue publication date: 3 March 2021

307

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to review the theory based on «otherness» as a form of social exclusion and symbolic violence from the constructions of realities of the media, with particular emphasis on the ethics and aesthetics of language and its role in materializing identity differences.

Design/methodology/approach

A search for specific criteria and boolean algorithms is carried out in Web of Science and Scopus on «otherness» [AND] «social exclusion», to then submit the emerging results to a co-occurrence matrix by citations with VOSViewer v. 1.6.13. From the relation tree of the most cited documents [min = 7] of the downloaded articles, a critical/analytical reading is made.

Findings

«Otherness» is reviewed to a greater extent from a Western perspective, and more specifically, from a Eurocentric one. This implies that the study of «otherness» is not sufficiently analyzed by Asian or African authors, who are excluded from the analysis. In this sense, «otherness» is understood as a theoretical construct and as any symbolic construction of the other (phenotypically, but also in ideology, values and customs), but which carries a load of stereotypes that can become polarization, demonization, ergo and violence.

Originality/value

Revisiting «otherness» as an informative construct becomes imperative in light of the emergence of extremist groups and xenophobic parties, as well as separatist policies such as Brexit or the Catalan split in Spain. Few articles contribute to elaborating a complete conceptual construct on «otherness» as an epistemological category of communication and information, so this research effort attempts to compile its theoretical discussion.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding Agency: This work is conducted within the framework of “Alfamed” (euro-American Network of Researchers), with the support of the R + D Project “YOUTUBERS AND INSTAGRAMMERS: MEDIA COMPETENCE IN EMERGING PROSUMERS” (RTI2018-093303-B-I00), financed by the State Research Agency of the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).

Citation

Romero-Rodriguez, L.M., Civila, S. and Aguaded, I. (2021), "Otherness as a form of intersubjective social exclusion: Conceptual discussion from the current communicative scenario", Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, Vol. 19 No. 1, pp. 20-37. https://doi.org/10.1108/JICES-11-2019-0130

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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