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Co-movements between Bitcoin and other asset classes in India

Ngo Thai Hung (Faculty of Economics and Law, University of Finance-Marketing, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam)

Journal of Indian Business Research

ISSN: 1755-4195

Article publication date: 9 February 2021

Issue publication date: 15 July 2021




This study aims to analyze the dynamic relationship between the Bitcoin market and the conventional asset classes in India


This paper aims to cast light on the dynamic linkages between Bitcoin prices and other conventional asset classes in India by using the wavelet transform frameworks, which can allow us to analyze components of time series without losing the information. To do that, the techniques used with the data set include wavelet-based covariance, correlation, coherence spectrum, continuous power spectrum and Granger causality test.


The findings of the study suggest that interrelationships between Bitcoin and the key financial asset returns are statistically significant at low, medium and high frequencies. This study also finds the existence of the unidirectional connectedness between Bitcoin the other assets in India.

Practical implications

The outcome of the analysis calls for substantial policy implications for investors, portfolio management in India. This research on the existence of the interconnectedness between Bitcoin and other conventional asset classes in a specific country context, India can, therefore, make a significant contribution to the contemporary debate about the speculative nature of the cryptocurrencies. It casts light on whether Bitcoin provides any diversification and risk management benefits for Indian, as well as global investors.


To the best of the author’s knowledge, this is the first paper investigating the interrelatedness between Bitcoin and key conventional asset classes in India. This research makes methodological advancements by using the wavelet coherence transform. The findings provide empirical bases from which to deal with issues regarding hedging purposes and optimal portfolio allocation for an increasing number of investors in the Indian context. Therefore, the main contribution of this study to related literature in this field is significant.



The authors are grateful to the anonymous referees of the journal for their extremely useful suggestions to improve the quality of the article. Usual disclaimers apply.

Availability of supporting data: Please contact author for data and program codes requests. Data is obtained from Bloomberg and MATLAB is used to organize data.

Competing interests: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Funding: The author received no financial support for the research, authorship and/or publication of this article.

Authors' contributions: NTH conceived of the study, carried out drafting the manuscript.

Authors' information: PhD in Finance, University of Finance-Marketing, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.


Hung, N.T. (2021), "Co-movements between Bitcoin and other asset classes in India", Journal of Indian Business Research, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 270-288.



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