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Wayfinding in hospital landscape: syntactical analysis of planting design in hospitals in Kerman, Iran

Ali Zabihi (Department of Art and Architecture, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran)
Mina Safizadeh (School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia)
Massoomeh Hedayati Marzbali (School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia)

Journal of Facilities Management

ISSN: 1472-5967

Article publication date: 22 February 2021

Issue publication date: 22 June 2021

254

Abstract

Purpose

Hospital landscape is not a useless space within hospital buildings anymore. It is considered as a supportive area providing mental and physical peace. However, the planting design of the hospital landscape and the way it should be in order to not disrupt wayfinding performance is neglected. This paper, which is a case study, aims at investigating the effects of planting design in Kerman hospitals’ landscapes on the users’ wayfinding using space syntax techniques.

Design/methodology/approach

This research focuses on the effects of planting design on the users’ wayfinding in hospitals. In so doing, library research, computer simulation and analysis with the University College London (UCL) Depthmap software, and comparison techniques are used. Based on axial maps, the measures of integration, connectivity and intelligibility are considered for analysing the wayfinding process of individuals.

Findings

The findings show that planting configurations in the hospital landscape can affect individuals’ wayfinding. Integrated and regular planting design in addition to combining planted areas with the hospital buildings can pave the way for intelligible space and easier wayfinding.

Originality/value

According to the authors’ knowledge, the current study is the first to use the space syntax techniques in the health-care landscape architecture in terms of planting design and wayfinding. As wayfinding is an important issue in health-care spaces, the study findings can greatly help the health-care building designers and the related organizations to pay attention to the hospital landscape as much as hospital indoors.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Citation

Zabihi, A., Safizadeh, M. and Hedayati Marzbali, M. (2021), "Wayfinding in hospital landscape: syntactical analysis of planting design in hospitals in Kerman, Iran", Journal of Facilities Management, Vol. 19 No. 3, pp. 393-411. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFM-12-2020-0089

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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