Regional entrepreneurial ecosystems in Mexico: a comparative analysis
Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies
Article publication date: 16 July 2019
Issue publication date: 15 October 2019
The entrepreneurial ecosystem approach tries to understand the mechanisms underlying new business creation and helps develop tools, governmental policies and support systems that enhance the outcomes of entrepreneurship activities. To ensure a better understanding of those mechanisms, this study aims to contrast regional policies in emerging economies that are designed to foster local new business creation and development.
One of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor’s surveys, the National Experts’ Survey, was applied to a sample of N = 675 key informants in Mexico at ten entities, seven of whom were categorized as non-centrally located. The authors used non-parametric statistics to compare the differences between centrally and non-centrally located experts.
The main results indicate that non-centrally located experts perceive their regions to be in a worse position than centrally located experts in terms of government policies regulation, post-school education and commercial and physical infrastructure, but surprisingly in a better position regarding financial access, general government policy, government programs, primary and secondary education, R&D transfer, market dynamism and openness and cultural and social norms.
These findings have policy implications for all levels of government in Mexico, which must prioritize the homologation of opportunities for people in both large and small cities.
The replication of a Chilean study contributes to the empirical literature of regional entrepreneurial ecosystems in emerging economies.
This publication would not have been possible without the efforts made by all the members of GEM Mexico Regional Teams and the persons and institutions across the globe that have helped the GEM project. An early 1-page version has been presented as interactive paper session at the 39th Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference at Babson Park, Massachusetts, USA, June 5-8th and appears at 2019 Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research BCERC Proceedings.
Villegas Mateos, A.O. and Amorós, J.E. (2019), "Regional entrepreneurial ecosystems in Mexico: a comparative analysis", Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, Vol. 11 No. 4, pp. 576-597. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEEE-02-2019-0024
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