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A comparative evaluation of three industrial robots using three reference measuring techniques

Mohamed Slamani (École de technologie supérieure, Montreal, Canada)
Ahmed Joubair (Automated Manufacturing Engineering Department, École de technologie supérieure, Montreal, Canada)
Ilian A. Bonev (Automated Manufacturing Engineering Department, École de technologie supérieure, Montreal, Canada)

Industrial Robot

ISSN: 0143-991x

Article publication date: 19 October 2015

1024

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a technique for assessing and comparing the static and dynamic performance of three different models of small six-axis industrial robots using a Renishaw XL80 laser interferometer system, a FARO ION laser tracker and a Renishaw QC20-W telescoping ballbar.

Design/methodology/approach

Specific test methods are proposed in this work, and each robot has been measured in a similar area of its working envelope. The laser interferometer measurement instrument is used to assess the static positioning performance along three linear and orthogonal paths. The laser tracker is used to assess the contouring performance at different tool center point (TCP) speeds along a triangular tool path, whereas the telescoping ballbar is used to assess the dynamic positioning performance for circular paths at different TCP speeds and trajectory radii.

Findings

It is found that the tested robots behave differently, and that the static accuracy of these non-calibrated robots varies between 0.5 and 2.3 mm. On the other hand, results show that these three robots can provide acceptable corner tracking at low TCP speeds. However, a significant overshoot at the corner is observed at high TCP speed for all the robots tested. It was also found that the smallest increment of Cartesian displacement (Cartesian resolution) that can be taken by the tested robots is approximately 50 μm.

Practical implications

The technique used in this paper allows extremely accurate diagnosis of the robot performance, which makes it possible for the robot user to determine whether the robot is in good or bad condition. It can also help the decision-maker to select the most suitable industrial robot to achieve the desired task with minimum cost and specific application ability.

Originality/value

This paper proposed a new method based on the performance verification approach for solving the robot selection problem for flexible manufacturing systems. Furthermore, despite their importance, bidirectional repeatability and Cartesian resolution are never specified by the manufacturers of industrial robots nor are they described in the ISO 9283:1998 guide, and they are rarely the object of performance assessments. In this work, specific tests are performed to check and quantify the bidirectional repeatability and the Cartesian resolution of each robot.

Keywords

Citation

Slamani, M., Joubair, A. and Bonev, I.A. (2015), "A comparative evaluation of three industrial robots using three reference measuring techniques", Industrial Robot, Vol. 42 No. 6, pp. 572-585. https://doi.org/10.1108/IR-05-2015-0088

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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